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  • Democratic Design (Oxford University Press 2021)
  • Making Representations: Claim, Counterclaim, and the Politics of Acting for Others (ECPR Press and Rowman and Littlefield International 2020)
  • The Representative Claim (Oxford University Press 2010)
  • Democracy (Polity Press 2003)
  • The Terms of Democracy (Polity Press 1998)
  • Co-optive Politics and State Legitimacy (Dartmouth 1992)

Edited books

  • The Oxford Handbook of Politics and Performance (Oxford University Press 2021) (co-editor with S. Rai, M. Gluhovic and S. Jestrovic)
  • Enacting European Citizenship (Cambridge University Press 2013) (co-editor with Engin F. Isin)
  • Democracy: Critical Concepts in Political Science (4 vols.) (Routledge 2007)
  • Living Political Ideas (Edinburgh University Press and the Open University 2005) (co-editor with Geoff Andrews)
  • Democratic Innovation: Deliberation, Representation and Association (Routledge/ECPR 2000)

Journal articles

  • 'Fragments of Equality in Representative Politics', in Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, vol.19, Issues 1-3, January-June 2016
  • 'Agency, Design and "Slow Democracy"', in Time and Society, first published OnlineFirst on May 4, 2015 as doi:10.1177/0961463X15584254
  • ‘Shape-shifting Representation’ in American Political Science Review, vol. 108, no.4, November 2014
  • ‘The Dynamics of European Citizenship: enactment, extension and assertion’, in Comparative European Politics, vol.11, no.1, 2013
  • ‘Critical Exchange on Michael Saward’s The Representative Claim’, in Contemporary Political Theory, vol.11, no.1, 2012 [co-author with A. Schaap, L. Disch, S. Thompson and D. Castiglione]
  • 'Slow Theory: taking time over transnational democratic representation’, in Ethics & Global Politics, vol.4, no.1, 2011
  • ‘Framing the Good Citizen’, in British Journal of Politics and International Relations, vol.12, no.4, 2009 [co-author with J. Pykett and A. Schaefer]
  • ‘Dialogues with Political Theorists’, in Contemporary Political Theory, vol.8, no.3, 2009 [with Benjamin Barber]
  • ‘Authorization and Authenticity: Representation and the Unelected’, in Journal of Political Philosophy, vol.17, no.1, 2009
  • ‘Trajectories of Green Political Theory’, in Contemporary Political Theory, vol.8, no.3, 2009 [co-author with A. Dobson, S. MacGregor and D. Torgerson]
  • ‘In Place of “Global Democracy”’, in Ethical Perspectives, vol.15, no.4, 2008
  • ‘Constituting Sustainability’, in The Good Society, vol.17, no.2, 2008
  • ‘The Subject of Representation’, in Representation, vol.44, no.2, 2008
  • ‘Representation and Democracy: Revisions and Possibilities’, in Sociology Compass, vol.2, no.3, 2008
  • ‘Making Representations: Modes and Strategies of Political Parties’, in European Review, vol.16, no.3, 2008
  • ‘Democratic Theorists and Party Scholars: why they don’t talk to each other, and why they should’, in Perspectives on Politics, vol.6, no.1, 2008 [co-author with I. van Biezen]
  • ‘The Representative Claim’, in Contemporary Political Theory, vol.5, no.3, 2006 [winner of the Contemporary Political Theory Annual Prize for 2006]
  • ‘Dog Whistles and Democratic Mandates’, in The Political Quarterly, vol.76, no.4, October-December 2005 [co-author with R.E. Goodin]
  • ‘Veil of Influence: The Legacy of John Rawls’, in Soundings, Issue 24, 2003
  • ‘Enacting Democracy’, in Political Studies, vol.51, no.1, 2003
  • ‘Making Democratic Connections: Political Equality, Deliberation and Direct Democracy’, in Acta Politica, vol.36, 2001
  • ‘Reconstructing Democracy: Current Thinking and New Directions’, in Government and Opposition, vol.36, no.4, 2001
  • ‘Green State/Democratic State’, in Contemporary Politics, vol.4, no.4, 1998
  • ‘Deliberation, Difference and Democratic Institutions’, in Government and Opposition vol.33, no.4, Autumn 1998 [review article]
  • ‘Democracy and Competing Values’, in Government and Opposition, vol.31, no.4, Autumn 1996
  • ‘Postmodernists, Pragmatists and the Justification of Democracy’, in Economy and Society, vol.23, no.2, 1994
  • ‘Green Theory’, in Environmental Politics, vol.2, no.3, 1993 [review article]
  • ‘Direct Democracy Revisited’, in Politics, vol.13, no.2, 1993
  • ‘Co-option and Power: who gets what from formal incorporation’, in Political Studies, vol.38, no.4, 1990

Other editorships

  • British Consulting Editor, The Encyclopedia of Democracy (editor-in-chief S.M. Lipset) (Washington, D.C: Congressional Quarterly and London: Routledge 1995)

Chapters in edited volumes

  • 'Afterword: Sovereign and Critical Grammars', in S. Rai and J. Reinelt (eds), The Grammar of Politics and Performance (London: Routledge 2015)
  • ‘The Wider Canvas: representation and democracy in state and society’, in Alonso, S., Keane, J. and Merkel, W. (eds), The Future of Representative Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2010)
  • ‘Political Ordering’, in S. Bromley et. al. (eds), Exploring Social Lives (Milton Keynes: Open University 2009) [co-author with G. Blakeley]
  • ‘The State and Civil Liberties in the Post-9/11 World’, in P. Dunleavy et al (eds), Developments in British Politics 8 (London: Palgrave Macmillan 2006)
  • ‘Democracy and Citizenship: expanding domains’, in J. Dryzek, B. Honig and A. Phillips (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Theory (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2006)
  • ‘Representation’, in A. Dobson and R. E. Eckersley (eds), Political Theory and the Ecological Challenge (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2006)
  • ‘Them and Us: Nationalism and Self-Determination’, in G. Andrews and M. Saward (eds), Living Political Ideas (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press and The Open University 2005)
  • ‘Governance and Representation’, in J. Newman (ed), Remaking Governance (London: Policy Press 2005)
  • ‘Representative and Direct Democracy’, in R. Axtmann (ed.), Understanding Democratic Politics (London: Sage, 2003)
  • ‘Rawls and Deliberative Democracy’, in M. Passerin d’Entreves (ed.), Democracy as Public Deliberation: new perspectives (Manchester: Manchester University Press 2002)
  • ‘Variation, Innovation and Democratic Theory’, in M. Saward (ed.), Democratic Innovation: deliberation, representation and association (London: Routledge/ECPR 2000)
  • ‘Less Than Meets the Eye: democracy and deliberative theory’, in M. Saward (ed.), Democratic Innovation: deliberation, representation and association (London: Routledge/ECPR 2000)
  • ‘Democratic Innovation’, in M. Saward (ed.), Democratic Innovation: deliberation, representation and association (London: Routledge/ECPR 2000)
  • ‘A Critique of Held’, in B. Holden (ed.), Global Democracy: a debate (London: Routledge 2000)
  • ‘The Promise of Proceduralism: Is democracy a defence against poverty?', in J. Edwards and J-P Revauger (eds.), Discourse on Inequality in France and Britain (Aldershot: Ashgate 1997)
  • ‘In Search of the Hollow Crown’, in P. Weller, H. Bakvis and R.A.W. Rhodes (eds.), The Hollow Centre: executive government in the modern state (London: Macmillan 1997)
  • ‘Must Democrats Be Environmentalists?’, in B. Doherty and M. de Geus (eds.) Democracy and Green Political Thought (London: Routledge 1996)
  • ‘Globalisation’, in S.M. Lipset et. al. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Democracy (Washington, D.C and London: Congressional Quarterly and Routledge 1995)
  • ‘Antonio Gramsci’, in S.M. Lipset et. al. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Democracy (Washington, D.C and London: Congressional Quarterly and Routledge 1995)
  • ‘Environmentalism’, in S.M. Lipset et. al. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Democracy (Washington, D.C and London: Congressional Quarterly and Routledge 1995)
  • ‘Complexity and Democracy’, in S.M. Lipset et. al. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Democracy (Washington, D.C and London: Congressional Quarterly and Routledge 1995)
  • ‘Legitimacy and the State in Europe: theories, crises and complexity’, in J. Hesse and T. Toonen (eds.), The European Yearbook of Comparative Government and Public Administration (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft and Boulder: Westview Press 1995)
  • ‘Democratic Theory and Indices of Democratisation’, in D. Beetham (ed.), Defining and Measuring Democracy (London: Sage 1994)
  • ‘Liberalism, Democracy and Prevention’, in M. Mills (ed.), Prevention, Health and British Politics (Aldershot: Avebury 1993) [co-author with M. Mills]
  • ‘Green Democracy?’, in A. Dobson and P. Lucardie (eds.), The Politics of Nature: explorations in green political theory (London: Routledge 1993)
  • ‘Advice, Legitimacy and Nuclear Safety in Britain’, in A. Barker and B. Guy Peters (eds.), The Politics of Expert Advice: creating, using and manipulating scientific advice for public policy (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press and Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press 1993)
  • ‘The Civil Nuclear Network in Britain’, in D. Marsh and R.A.W. Rhodes (eds.), Policy Networks in British Government (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1992)

Film and audio

Open Politics film and audio podcasts involve researchers in Politics and International Studies (POLIS) at the Open University, working with the Open Broadcasting Unit and the independent media company Angel Eye and drawing on the BBC archive. The twenty-two videos and audios, of which these are two, use high-quality materials and techniques to focus on core research questions in a way that clarifies without simplifying them.