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Youngs is a Senior Associate for Carnegie Europe and publishes frequent blog pieces, short essays and policy papers at Carnegie Europe. These can be found here.


Climate Change and European Security

London: Routledge, 2014


Europe in the New Middle East: Opportunity or Exclusion?
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014


The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis

Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2014

legacy of crisis

London: Profile Books, 2010


London: Routledge, 2010


Energy Security: Europe's New Foreign Policy Challenge
London: Routledge, 2009

Energy Security
Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006






Edited Books

The European Union and Democracy Promotion: A Critical Global Assessment
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010



The European Union and Democracy Promotion

New Challenges to Democratization
London: Routledge, 2009. With Peter Burnell

 New Challenges to Democratization book cover

Democracy’s Plight in the European Neighbourhood: Causes and Failing Responses
Brussels: CEPS, 2009. With Michael Emerson


Islamist Radicalisation: The Challenge for Euro-Mediterranean Relations
Madrid and Brussels: FRIDE/CEPS, 2009. With Michael Emerson

Islamist Radicalisation

Is the European Union Supporting Democracy in its Neighbourhood?
Madrid: FRIDE, 2008

Is the European Union Supporting Democracy in its Neighbourhood book cover
Madrid and Brussels: FRIDE/CEPS, 2007. With Michael Emerson

Madrid and Washington, DC: FRIDE/Democracy Coalition Project, 2006. With Ted Piccone
Madrid: FRIDE, 2006.
Madrid: FRIDE/Elcano Institute, 2005. With Haizam Amirah Fernández

The European Union and Democracy Promotion: The Case of North Africa
London: Frank Cass, 2002. With Richard Gillespie


Spain: The European and International Challenges
London: Frank Cass, 2000. With Richard Gillespie



Recent refereed articles

Europe's Democracy Trilemma, International Affairs, November 2014 (forthcoming), with Kalypso Nicolaidis


Reviving Global Europe, International Politics, July 2013


Europe, the Mediterranean, the Middle East and the need for triangulation, International Spectator 45/3, 2010. With Ana Echagüe


The End of the Euro-Mediterranean Vision, International Affairs 85/5, 2009. With Kristina Kausch.


Democracy as External Governance?, Journal of European Public Policy 16/6, 2009.


The EU and Ukraine: A door neither open nor closed, International Politics 46/4, 2009.


Fusing Security and Development: Just Another Euro-Platitude?, Journal of European Integration 30/3, July 2008.


Trends in Democracy Assistance: What has Europe been doing?, Journal of Democracy, April 2008.


Europe and the Gulf: Strategic Neglect, Studia Diplomatica, May 2007. With Ana Echagüe.


The EU and Conflict in West Africa, European Foreign Affairs Review 11/3, Autumn 2006.


A New Approach in the Great Lakes? The Evolution of European Conflict Resolution Strategies, Journal of Contemporary African Studies 22/3, September 2004.


Democratic Institution Building and Conflict Resolution: Emerging EU Approaches, International Peacekeeping 11/3 Summer 2004.


Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU’s External Identity. Journal of Common Market Studies 42/2, 2004. 


Democracy and the Multinationals, Democratization 11/1, 2004.


European Approaches to Security in the Mediterranean, Middle East Journal 57/3, Summer 2003.


European Approaches to Democracy Funding: Learning the Right Lessons?, Third World Quarterly 24/1, 2003.



Policy Briefs and Working Papers

Youngs is a Senior Associate for Carnegie Europe and publishes frequent blog pieces, short essays and policy papers at Carnegie Europe. These can be found here.