How was the world of trade organised in the middle ages? Can we see a shift from land to sea and oceanic routes after year 1000? What was the contribution to world trade of different routes such as the trans-Saharan caravan routes, the Mediterranean merchant routes, the Indian Ocean trade, or the new transatlantic routes inaugurated in the sixteenth century?
- Consider one are of the early modern world (from Abu-Lughod) and analyse which commodities it traded and which trading communities were involved in it.
- Consider one commodity and show where it was produced and where it was traded.
- How was trade organised in the early modern period?
3. Core Readings
- Abu-Lughod, Janet Lippman, ‘The World System in the Thirteenth Century: Dead-End or Precursor?’, in Michael Adas, ed., Islamic and European Expansion. The Forging of a Global Order (Philadelphia, 1993), pp. 75-102. the PDF is here.
- C. K. Woodworth, ‘Ocean and Steppe: Early Modern World Empires’, Journal of Early Modern History, 11/6 (2007), pp. 501-518.
- Curtin, Philip D., Cross-Cultural Trade in World History, Cambridge 1984, chs. 6-8, pp. 109-178. [HY 3000.C8]
4. Essay Questions
- To what extent did maritime exchange replace trade across the silk roads?
- How do exchange and connection across Eurasia in the period 1300-1800 feature in the study global history?
- Why was the Indian ocean at the core of the early modern trading world?
- Atwell, William S., ‘Ming China and the Emerging World Economy’, in Cambridge History of China, vol. 8, pp. 376-416 [Short Loan DS 735.C2]
- Beaujard, Philippe, 'The Indian Ocean in Eurasian and African World Systems before the Sixteenth Century' Journal of World History 16.4 (2005): 411-465. Project Muse.
- Junks to Java: Chinese shipping to the Nanyang in the second half of the eighteenth century / Leonard Blusse in Eric Tagliacozzo and Wen-Chin Chang, eds., Chinese circulations: capital, commodities, and networks in Southeast Asia (2011) see here.
- Braudel, Fernand, Civilization and Capitalism, 3 vols. (New York, 1981-84) [D 208.B7]
- Frank, Andre Gunder, and Gills, Barry K., ‘The 5,000-Year World System: An Interdisciplinary Introduction’, in Idem, eds., The World System: Five Hundred Years or Five Thousand? (London and New York, 1993), pp. 3-55 [HK 203.W6]
- Pearson, M.N., ‘Merchants and States’, in James D. Tracy, ed., The Political Economy of Merchant Empires: State Power and World Trade, 1350-1750 (Cambridge, 1991), pp. 41-116.
- Candice Goucher and Linda Walton, World History: Journeys from Past to Present (Routledge, 2008), ch. 6.
- Reid, Anthony, Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, 1450-1680 (2 vols).
- Wallerstein, Immanuel, The Modern World-System. Vol. 2. Mercantilism and the Consolidation of the European World-Economy (New York, 1974) [HK 203.W2]
- John Demos, ‘Viewpoints on the China Trade’, Common-Place, 5/2 (2005).
- Peter A. Coclanis, ‘Pacific Overtures’, Common-Place, 5/2 (2005)
- Kwee Hui Kian, ‘The end of the "age of commerce"?: Javanese cotton trade industry from the seventeenth to the eighteenth centuries’ in Eric Tagliacozzo and Wen-Chin Chang, eds., Chinese circulations: capital, commodities, and networks in Southeast Asia (2011) see here.
- Tcho Caulker,The African-British long eighteenth century : an analysis of African-British treaties, colonial economics, and anthropological discourse (2009) [DT 481.C]
- Joseph E. Inikori, ‘Africa and the Globalization Process: Western Africa, 1450–1850’, , , 1 (2007), pp. 63-86.
6. External Links