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Professor Julian Gardner

Academic profile photograph

Professor Julian Gardner

Professor of Electronic Engineering 

J dot W dot Gardner at warwick dot ac dot uk
+44 (0) 24 7652 3695

Biography

Julian Gardner FREng joined the School of Engineering in 1987. He obtained a first in physics from Birmingham University, followed by a PhD in physical electronics from Cambridge University and a DSc in Electronic Engineering from Warwick University. He has 5 years’ experience in industry as an R & D Engineer and 30 years working in the field of chemical microsensors at Warwick University, and is currently Professor of Electronic Engineering. He founded several electronic nose companies in the 1990s and 2000s. He co-founded Cambridge CMOS Sensors Ltd in 2008 and was its first CTO it was sold in 2016 to ams. Since he has founded two more university spin-outs Flusso Ltd and Sorex Sensor Ltd. His expertise is in the design of MEMS based chemical sensors, and the signal processing/data analysis of sensor arrays, including electronic noses and electronic tongues. He has published over 500 papers in the field of micro sensors, authored 10 books and over 20 patents. He has won various awards and medals from the IET, IEEE and in November 2018 the Royal Society Mullard Award for innovation. He is also a Fellow of both the UK Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), US Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and the Royal Academy of Engineering.

His current research interests are chemical & environmental microsensors, MEMS devices, Smart devices, Electronic noses, signal and data processing (AI) methods.

Research Interests

CMOS sensors; Biomimetics; Electronic Noses; Chemical microsensors; Chemical Microsystems; Electronic Tongues; Biomedical Engineering; Pattern recognition.

Teaching Interests

My main module is ES434 on the topic of ASICs, MEMS and Smart Devices which is core for Electronic Engineering students and some MSc students. My interests are: devices and sensors, analogue electronics, analogue CMOS design, smart systems.

Selected Publications

Recent Books, Edited Books & Book Chapter 

  1. Book chapter: Gardner JW and Guha P (2019) in Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors, Llobet (Ed) Ch7, Advanced Nanomaterials Series, Elsevier “CMOS based resistive and FET devices for smart gas sensors”
  2. Book chapter: Guha P, Santra S and Gardner JW (2019) in Semiconductor Gas Sensors 2nd edition (Eds. Jaaniso et al.), Ch 15 “Integrated CMOS-based sensors for gas and odour detection” ISBN: 9780081025598
  3. Book chapter: de Luca A, Udrea F, Gardner JW et al. (2016) in Semiconductor Devices in Harsh Conditions, Weide-Zaage and Chrzanowska-Jeske (Eds), Ch5, pp87-107, CRC Press, Delaware. “Sensors and Sensor Systems for Harsh Environment Applications”
  4. Book chapter: Vincent TA, Wilson A, Hattersley JG, Chappell MJ, Gardner JW (2016) in IWBBIO 2016, LNBI 9656, pp. 13–21. Ortuño D and Rojas I (Eds), Springer International Publishing, Switzerland. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31744-1_2

Recent Refereed Journal Articles

  1. Xing Y, Vincent TA, Fan H, Schaffernicht E, Lilienthal AJ, Cole M, Gardner JW 2019 IEEE Sensors Journal “FireNose on mobile robot in harsh environments”
  2. Ali SZ, de Luca A, Hopper R, Boual S, Gardner JW, Udrea F 2019 IEEE Sensors Journal “A low-power, low-cost infra-red emitter in CMOS technology”
  3. Xing Y, Urasinska-Wojcik, Gardner JW 2019 Act. B “Plasmonic enhanced CMOS non-dispersive infrared gas sensor for low-cost application”
  4. Gardner EL, Vincent TA, Jones RG, Gardner JW, Coull J, de Luca A, Udrea F 2019 IEEE Sensors Journal 19 2991-2998 “MEMS thermal flow sensors – an accuracy investigation”
  5. Vincent TA, Xing Y, Cole M, Gardner JW 2019 Act. B 279 351-360 “Investigation of response of high bandwidth MOX sensors to gas plumes for application on a mobile robot in hazardous environments”
  6. Xing Y, Vincent TA, Cole M, Gardner JW 2019 Sensors 19 1180 “Real-time thermal modulation of high bandwidth MOX gas sensors for mobile robot applications”
  7. Urasinska-Wojcik B and Gardner JW 2018 IEEE Sensors Journal 18 3502-3508 “H2S sensing in dry and humid H2 environment with p-type CuO thick-film gas sensors”
  8. Vincent TA, Xing Y, Cole M, Gardner JW 2018 MDPI Proceedings 2 858 “Thermal modulation of a high bandwidth gas sensor array in real-time for application on a mobile robot”
  9. Xuan W, Cole M, Gardner JW, Thomas S, Villa-Lopez F, Wang X, Dong S, Luo J 2017 Micromech. Microeng. 27 055017 “A film bulk acoustic resonator oscillator based humidity sensor with graphene oxide as the sensitive layer”
  10. Urasinska-Wojcik B and Gardner JW 2017 IEEE Sensors Letters 1 No.4 “Identification of H2S impurity in hydrogen using temperature modulated metal oxide resistive gas sensors with a novel signal processing technique”
  11. Urasinska-Wojcik B, Vincent TA, Chowdhury MF, Gardner JW 2017 Act. B 239 1051-1059 “Ultrasensitive WO­3 gas sensors for NO2 detection in air and low oxygen environment”
  12. Gardner JW and Vincent TA 2016 Sensors 16 947 “Electronic Noses for Well-Being: Breath Analysis and Energy Expenditure”
  13. Vincent TA and Gardner JW 2016 Act. B 236 954-964 “A low cost MEMS based NDIR system for the monitoring of carbon dioxide in breath analysis at ppm levels”
  14. Santra S, Sinha AK, de Luca A, Ali SZ, Udrea F, Guha PK, Ray SK, Gardner JW 2016 Nanotechnology 27 Article 125502 DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/27/12/125502 “Mask-less deposition of Au-SnO2 nanocomposites on CMOS MEMS platform for ethanol detection”
  15. De Luca A, Santra S, Ghosh R, Ali SZ, Gardner JW, Guha PK, Udrea F 2016 Nanoscale 8 4565-4572 “Temperature-modulated graphene oxide resistive humidity sensor for indoor air quality monitoring”
  16. Thomas S, Cole M, Villa-Lopez FH, Gardner JW 2016 Act. A 244 138-145 “High frequency surface acoustic wave resonator-based sensor for particulate matter detection”
  17. Thomas S, Villa-Lopez F, Theunis J, Peters J, Cole M, Gardner JW 2016 IEEE Sensors Journal 16 2282-2289 “Particle sensor using solidly mounted resonators”
  18. Villa-Lopez F, Rughoobur G, Thomas S, Flewitt AJ, Cole M, Gardner JW 2016 Measurement Science and Technology 27 Article 025502 “Design and modelling of solidly-mounted resonators for low-cost particle sensing”
  19. Vincent TA, Gardner JW, Chappell MJ, Hattersley JG, Wilson A 2016 Procedia Engineering 168 129-132 “Measurement of energy expenditure on a smartphone using a handheld breath analyser”
  20. Urasinska-Wojcik B, Vincent TA, Gardner JW 2016 Procedia Engineering 168 255-258 “H2S sensing properties of WO3 based gas sensor”
  21. Chowdhury MF, Hopper R, Ali SZ, Gardner JW, Udrea F 2016 Procedia Engineering 168 1204-1207 “MEMS infrared emitter and detector for capnography applications”
  22. Santra S, Sinha AK, de Luca A, Ali SZ, Udrea F, Guha PK, Ray SK, Gardner JW 2015 Nanotechnology “Mask-less deposition of Au-SnO2 nanocomposites on CMOS MEMS platform for ethanol detection”
  23. Santra S, Hu G, Howe R, de Luca A, Ali SZ, Udrea F, Gardner JW 2015 Nature Scientific Reports 5 17374 “CMOS integration of inkjet-printed graphene for humidity sensing”
  24. Santra S, de Luca A, BhaumikS, Ali S, Udrea F, Gardner JW, Ray SK, Guha PK 2015 RSC Advances 5 47609-47616 “Dip pen nanolithography-deposited zinc oxide nanorods on a CMOS MEMS platform for ethanol sensing”
  25. Villa-Lopez F, Rughoobur G, Thomas S, Flewitt AJ, Cole M, Gardner JW 2015 Sci. Technol. 27 “Design and modelling of solidly-mounted resonators for low-cost particle sensing”
  26. De Luca A, Cole M, Hopper R, Boual S, Warner J, Robertson A, Ali Z, Udrea F and Gardner JW 2015 Applied Physics Letters 106, 194101 “Enhanced spectroscopic gas sensors using in-situ grown carbon nanotubes”
  27. Olsson SB, Challiss RAJ, Cole M, Gardeniers JG, Gardner JW, Guerrero A, Hannson BS and Pearce TC 2015 Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 10 (4) 043001 “Development of an insect-based infochemical communications technology”
  28. Cole M, Spulber I and Gardner JW 2015 Actuators B: Chem. 207 1147-1153 “Surface acoustic wave electronic tongue for robust analysis of sensory components”

Recent Keynote, invited & CONFERENCE PAPERS

  1. Farazmand MH, Gardner JW, Charmet J 2019 MicroTAS, Basel, 27-31 Oct 2019 “Design and development of a fluidic and electrical interface for a disposable lab-on-a-chip”
  2. Farazmand MH, Gardner JW, Charmet J 2019 41st Annual Int. Conf. IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology, Berlin, 23-27 July 2019 “Design and development of a disposable lab-on-a-chip for prostate cancer detection”
  3. Cole M, Gardner JW 2019 Transducers, Berlin, 23-27 June 2019 “A solidly mounted resonator with CMOS-fabricated acoustic mirror for low-cost air quality monitoring”
  4. Farazmand MH, Gardner JW, Charmet J 2019 Biofabrication and Biomanufacturing Conference, Rotterdam, 20-21 June 2019 “Design and development of a fluidic and electrical interface for a disposable lab-on-a-chip”
  5. Gardner JW and Xing Y 2019 7th Workshop on Bioinformatics & Biomedical Engineering, 8-10 May 2019 “Classification of urine smell from CMOS based odour sensor array and artificial neural networks”
  6. Vincent TA, Xing Y, Cole. M, Gardner JW 2018 Eurosensors XXXII, Graz, Austria, 9-12 Sept 2018 “Thermal modulation of a high bandwidth gas sensor array in real-time for application on a mobile robot”
  7. Xing Y, Urasinska-Wojcik B, Gardner JW 2018 IEEE International Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), Houston, USA, 14-17 May 2018 “Plasmonic enhanced CMOS non-dispersive infrared gas sensor for acetone and ammonia detection”
  8. Invited Speaker: Urasinska-Wojcik B, Xing Y, Gardner JW 2018 Advanced Materials World Congress, Singapore, 4-8 Feb 2018 “Plasmonic enhanced CMOS non-dispersive infra-red gas detector”
  9. Santra S, de Luca A, Guha PK, Udrea F, Ray SK, Gardner JW 2017 IEEE Sensors Conference, Glasgow, UK, 29 Oct - 1 Nov 2017 “Integration of Au-SnO2 nanocomposites with power efficient MEMS substrate for acetone detection”
  10. Villa-Lopez F, Cole M, Thomas S, Gardner JW 2017 IEEE Sensors Conference, Glasgow, UK, 29 Oct - 1 Nov 2017 “Indoor air quality monitor based on solidly-mounted resonators for the detection of VOCs”
  11. Xing W, Shah A, Urasinska-Wojcik B, Gardner JW 2017 IEEE Sensors Conference, Glasgow, UK, 29 Oct - 1 Nov 2017 “Prediction of impurities in hydrogen fuel supplies using a thermally-modulated CMOS gas sensor”
  12. Xing Y, Vincent TA, Cole M, Gardner JW et al. 2017 IEEE Sensors Conference, Glasgow, UK, 29 Oct - 1 Nov 2017 “Multi-sensor unit on mobile robot for unsupervised gas discrimination in harsh environments”
  13. Vincent T, Xing Y, Cole M, Gardner JW 2017 Eurosensors, Paris, 3-6 Sept 2017 “High bandwidth sensor module for mobile robot applications – wind tunnel characterisation”
  14. Invited paper: Gardner JW 2017 Smart Chemical and Biological Sensing Technologies, RSC, London, 16th June 2017 “CMOS gas sensors for Healthcare”
  15. Gardner JW and Vincent TA 2017 ISOEN, Montreal, Canada, 28-31 May 2017 “Towards point of care human energy expenditure measurement on a hand-held breath analyser”
  16. Santra S, De Luca A, Guha PK, Udrea F, Gardner JW, Ray SK 2017 E-MRS Spring Meeting, Strasbourg, France, 22-26 May 2017 “Integration of Au-SnO2 thick film with power efficient CMOS MEMS substrate for acetone sensing”
  17. Gammon PM, Li F, Chan CW, Gity F, Trajkovic T, Kilchytska V, Pathirana V, Udugampola, Ben Ali K, Flandre D, Gardner JW and Maweby PA 2017 EUROSOI 2017, 3-5 April, Athens, Greece “Design and fabrication of a novel power Si/SiC LDMOSFET for high temperature applications”
  18. Gardner JW and Vincent TA 2017 ISOCS Winter School, Sniffphone, Ponte di Legno, Italy, 5-10 March 2017 “Development of a handheld side-stream breath analyser for Point-of-Care metabolic rate measurement”
  19. De Luca A, Ali SZ, Hopper RH, Boual S, Gardner JW, and Udrea F, MEMS 2017, Las Vegas, USA, 22-26 January 2017 “Filterless non-dispersive infra-red gas detection: a proof of concept”
  20. Invited Paper: Gardner JW, Chowdhury MF, Ali SZ, Udrea F 2016 MiNaB-ICT on Sensing for Smart Anything Everywhere, Otranto, Italy, 25-29 June 2016 “Low cost thermopile for gesture detection”
  21. Gammon PM. Li F, Chan CW, Sanchez A, Hindmarsh S, Gity F, Trajkovic T, Kilchytska V, Pathirana V, Camuso G, Ben Ali K, Flandre D, Mawby PA, Gardner JW 2016 11th Conf. on SiC and Related Materials (ECSCRM 2016), Halkidiki, Greece, 25-29 Sept 2016 “Silicon-on-silicon carbide power devices for harsh environment applications”
  22. Gammon P, Chan CW, Gity F, Trajkovic T, Kilchytska V, Fan L, Pathirana V, Camuso G, Udugampola N, Ben Ali K, Flandre D, Mawby PA, Gardner JW ESDC 2016 “Design and fabrication of silicon-on-SiC substrates and power devices for space applications”
  23. Thomas S, Cole M, Villa-Lopez FH, Gardner JW, Peters J, Theunis J 2016 IEEE Sensors Conference, Florida, USA, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 2016 “A low-cost acoustic micro-sensors based system-in-package for air quality monitoring”
  24. Avramescu V, De Luca A, Brezeanu M, Ali SZ, Udrea F, Buiu O, Cbianu C, Serban, B, Gardner JW, Dumitr V, Stratulat A 2016 ESDERC, Lausanne, Switzerland, 12-15 September 2016 “CMOS compatible SOI micro-hotplate based oxygen sensor”
  25. Urasinska-Wojcik B, Vincent TA, Gardner JW 2016 Eurosensors, Budapest, Hungary, 4-7 September 2016 “H2S sensing properties of WO3 based gas sensor”
  26. Vincent TA, Gardner JW, Chappell MJ, Hattersley JG, Wilson A 2016 Eurosensors, Budapest, Hungary, 4-7 September 2016 “Measurement of energy expenditure on a smartphone using a handheld breath analyser”
  27. Chowdhury MF, Hopper R, Ali SZ, Gardner JW, Udrea F 2016 Eurosensors, Budapest, Hungary, 4-7 September 2016 “MEMS infrared emitter and detector for capnography applications”
  28. De Luca A, Ali SZ, hopper R, Boual S, Chowdhury MF, Gardner JW, Udrea F 2016 IUMRS-ICEM, Suntec, Singapore, 4-8 July 2016 “CMOS plasmonic devices for non-dispersive infrared gas sensors”
  29. Gardner JW, Xing Y, Urasinska-Wojcik B, de Luca A, Udrea F 2016 7th Conf. on Metamaterials, Photonic Crystals and Plasmonics (META 2016), Malaga, Spain, 25-28 July 2016 “Design of plasmonic structures in CMOS technology for low-cost enhanced infra-red gas sensors”
  30. Vincent TA, Wilson A, Hattersley JG, Chappell MJ, Gardner JW 2016 Work-conf. on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering (IWBBIO), Granada, Spain, 20-22 April 2016 “Development of a hand-held side-stream breath analyser for point of care metabolic rate measurement”
  31. Vincent T, Urasinska-Wojcik B, and Gardner JW 2015 Eurosensors, Bremen, Germany, Sept. 2015 “Development of a NDIR sensor system for the ppm detection of carbon dioxide in exhaled breath analysis”
  32. Vincent T, Wilson A, Hattersley J, Chappell M, and Gardner JW 2015 Symp. Olfaction & Electronic Noses July 2015, Dijon, France “Design and modelling of a handheld side-stream breath sampling system for metabolic rate analysis”
  33. Invited Paper: Chowdhury M, Udrea F and Gardner JW 2015 AMA Fourth Scientific Meeting EuNetAir, June 2015, Linkoping University, Sweden “Benefits of CMOS sensors for environmental monitoring”
  34. Chowdhury MF, Gardner JW, and Udrea F 2015 EU COST action TD1105, New Sensing Technologies for Air Pollution Control and Environmental Sustainability, Riga, March 2015 “CMOS sensor systems for air quality monitoring"

Projects and Grants

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