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2023-24

Organisers

Giuseppe Cannizzaro and Vedran Sohinger

Seminars in Term 1. Talks are held 16-17 in B3.03.

Oct 4- Tom Klose, University of Warwick

Title: Large deviations for the Φ^4_3 measure via Stochastic Quantisation

Abstract:

The Φ^4_3 measure is one of the easiest non-trivial examples of a Euclidean quantum field theory (EQFT) whose rigorous construction in the 1970's has been one of the celebrated achievements of the Constructive QFT community. In recent years, progress in the field of singular stochastic PDEs, initiated by the theory of regularity structures, has allowed for a new construction of the Φ^4_3 EQFT as the invariant measure of a previously ill-posed Langevin dynamics – a strategy originally proposed by Parisi and Wu ('81) under the name Stochastic Quantisation. In this talk, I will demonstrate that the same idea also allows to transfer the large deviation principle for the Φ^4_3 dynamics, obtained by Hairer and Weber ('15), to the corresponding EQFT. Our strategy is inspired by earlier works of Sowers ('92) and Cerrai and Röckner ('05) for non-singular dynamics and potentially also applies to other EQFT measures. This talk is based on joint work with Avi Mayorcas (University of Bath).

Oct 11- Ellen Powell, University of Durham

Title: Characterising the Gaussian free field

Abstract:

I will discuss recent approaches to characterising the Gaussian free field in the plane, and in higher dimensions. This is based on joint work with Juhan Aru, Nathanael Berestycki and Gourab Ray.

Oct 18- Anna Maltsev, Queen Mary University

Title: Bulk Universality for Complex Non-Hermitian Gauss-divisible Matrices

Abstract:

In this talk I will discuss universality of the k-point correlation function for Gauss divisible non-Hermitian matrices. We consider NxN matrices with centred, independent and identically distributed complex entries that have a small Gaussian component. We prove that the bulk correlation functions are universal in the large N limit using Householder transformations, supersymmetry, and Laplace method. Assuming the entries have finite moments and are supported on at least three points, the Gaussian component is removed by the four moment theorem. This is based on joint work with Mohammed Osman.

Oct 25- Julien Sabin, University of Rennes

Title: Nonlinear Hartree dynamics for density matrices

Abstract: In this talk I will review results concerning the mean-field dynamics of fermionic quantum particles governed by the nonlinear Hartree equation. The particularity of this equation is that its unknown is a bounded operator on a Hilbert space, rather than a (wave)function as is the case for most PDEs. I will explain how to deal with setting, with a focus on the large time behaviour of solutions.

Nov 1- Erlend Grong, University of Bergen

Title: Sub-Riemannian geometry, most probable paths and transformations.Abstract: Doing statistics on a Riemannian manifold becomes very complicated for the reason that we lack tools to define such things as mean and variance. Using the Riemannian distance, we can define a mean know as the Fréchet mean, but this gives no concept of asymmetry, also known as anisotropy. We introduce an alternative definition of mean called the diffusion mean, which is able to both give a mean and the analogue of a covariance matrix for a dataset on a Riemannian manifolds.Surprisingly, computing this mean and covariance is related to sub-Riemannian geometry. We describe how sub-Riemannian geometry can be applied in this setting, and mention some finite dimensional and infinite-dimensional applications.The results are part of joint work with Stefan Sommer (Copenhagen, Denmark)

Nov 8- Balint Toth, University of Bristol

Title: (Towards an) Invariance Principle for the Random Lorentz Gas under Weak Coupling Limit Beyond the Kinetic Time Scale
 
Abstract: Kesten-Papanicolaou (1980) proved that in the weak coupling limit the random Lorentz-gas process with soft scatterers converges to the Spherical Langevin Process. Under a second, diffusive limit the spatial component of the Spherical Langevin Process converges to Brownian motion. Komorowski-Ryzhik (2006) proved that combining the weak coupling and diffusive limits, the Brownian motion is obtained, at least for a time horizon slightly beyond the kinetic time-scale. We attempt to extend this last result robustly for time scales way beyond the kinetic one. (Work in progress.)

Nov 15- Luisa Andreis, Politecnico di Milano

Title: Spatial coagulation processes: large deviations and phase transitions.

Abstract: We consider a spatial Markovian particle system with pairwise coagulation: after independent exponential random times, particle pairs merge into a single particle, and their masses are summed. We derive an explicit formula for the joint distribution of the particle configuration at a given fixed time, which involves the binary trees describing the history of how each of the particles has been formed via coagulations. While usually these processes are studied with the help of PDE (generalisation of the well-known Smoluchowski equation), our approach comes from statistical mechanics. The description is indeed in terms of a reference process, a Poisson point process of point group distributions, where each of the histories is an independent tree, and the non-coagulation between any two of them induces an exponential pair-interaction. Based on this formula, we can give a (conditional) large-deviation principle for the joint distribution of the particle histories in the limit of many particles with explicit identification of the rate function. We characterise its minimizer(s) and give criteria for the occurrence of a gelation phase transition, i.e., a loss of mass in the limiting configuration. This talk is based on an ongoing joint work with W. König, H. Langhammer and R.I.A. Patterson (WIAS Berlin).

Nov 22- Cristoforos Panagiotis, University of Bath

Title: Quantitative sub-ballisticity of self-avoiding walk on the hexagonal lattice
 
Abstract: In this talk, we will consider the self-avoiding walk on the hexagonal lattice, which is one of the few lattices whose connective constant can be computed explicitly. This was proved by Duminil-Copin and Smirnov in 2012 when they introduced the parafermionic observable. In this talk, we will use the observable to show that, with high probability, a self-avoiding walk of length n does not exit a ball of radius n/logn. This improves on an earlier result of Duminil-Copin and Hammond, who obtained a non-quantitative o(n) bound. Along the way, we show that at criticality, the partition function of bridges of height T decays polynomially fast to 0. Joint work with Dmitrii Krachun.

Nov 29- Marielle Simon, University of Lyon

Title: A few scaling limits results for the facilitated exclusion process in 1d
Abstract: The aim of this talk is to present some recent results which have been obtained for the facilitated exclusion process in one dimension. This stochastic lattice gas is subject to strong kinetic constraints which create a continuous phase transition to an absorbing state at a critical value of the particle density. If the microscopic dynamics is symmetric, its macroscopic behavior, under periodic boundary conditions and diffusive time scaling, is ruled by a non-linear PDE belonging to free boundary problems (or Stefan problems). One of the ingredients is to show that the system typically reaches an ergodic component in subdiffusive time.The asymmetric case can also be fully treated: in this case, considered on the infinite line, the empirical density converges to the unique entropy solution to a hyperbolic Stefan problem. All these results rely, to various extent, on a mapping argument with a zero-range process, which completely fails in dimension higher than 1.Based on joint works with O. Blondel, C. Erignoux, M. Sasada and L. Zhao.

Dec 6- Ilya Chevyrev, University of Edinburgh

Title: Decorated path spaces with applications to fast-slow systems

Abstract: In this talk, I will present a space of decorated paths that allows one to keep track of oscillations of paths that happens in infinitesimal time. Despite its simple definition as a naive completion of the Skorokhod space, this notion is fruitful in the study of ordinary differential equations with jumps, generalising the framework of Marcus, and applies in situations where classical Skorokhod topologies are too restrictive. As an application, I will show how homogenisation theorems of superdiffusive fast-slow systems, including billiards with flat cusps, can be stated and proved in this framework. Based on a joint work with Alexey Korepanov and Ian Melbourne.