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Liz Tindale

Position: 3rd year PhD student

Supervisor: Prof. Sandra Chapman

Project title: Statistical techniques for quantifying the variability of the solar wind over multiple solar cycles

Funding: STFC

Background: MPhys, University of Manchester, 2015

Project Outline:

The activity of the Sun varies over an 11 year cycle, however each cycle is unique in its length and peak activity. This variability is mapped into the solar wind; a plasma which flows radially outwards from the solar corona. When it reaches Earth, the solar wind transfers some of its energy into Earth's magnetosphere, resulting in space weather events such as the aurora. These events, however, can have detrimental effects on communication networks and power systems. It is therefore important to understand how the solar wind transports energy from the Sun, how much energy is transferred into Earth's magnetosphere, and how this varies within and between the different solar cycles.

In my work, I am interested in addressing these questions using statistical tecnhiques. The long, high time resolution observations of solar wind plasma parameters (e.g. from NASA's Wind satellite) have provided a substantial dataset which is ideal for statistical analysis. I am looking at the statistics of the raw data series, as well as bursts in the time series, in order to build up a stochastic model of the solar wind. This will improve understanding of the underlying dynamic processes of the solar wind plasma, and could also aid the prediction of the likely occurrence of extreme, potentially hazardous, space weather events.

Publication list:

[1] Tindale, E., and S.C. Chapman (2016), Solar cycle variation of the statistical distribution of the solar wind ε parameter and its constituent variables, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(11), doi: 10.1002.2016GL068920.

[2] Graves, T., C.L.E. Franzke, N.W. Watkins, R.B. Gramacy, and E. Tindale (2017), Systematic inference of the long-range dependence and heavy-tail distribution parameters of ARFIMA models, Physica A: Stat. Mech. & App., 473, pp. 60-71, doi: 10.1016/j.physa.2017.01.028.

[3] Tindale, E., and S.C. Chapman (2017), Solar Wind Plasma Parameter Variability Across Solar Cycles 23 and 24: From Turbulence to Extremes, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JA024412.

Contact details:

Email: l dot tindale at warwick dot ac dot uk

Office: Physical Sciences building, room PS117

ORCID: 0000-0003-4498-3451