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Publications

* Indicates authors who were undergraduate or graduate students when the research was conducted.

2021 and in press

Ausmees, L., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (in press). Episodic memory reliving and personality: Do good “Time Travelers” have distinctive personality profiles? Journal of Individual Differences.

Ausmees, L., Talts, M., Allik, J., Vainik, U., Sikka, T. T., Nikopensius, T., Esko, T., & Realo, A. (2021). Taking risks to feel excitement: Detailed personality profile and genetic associations. European Journal of Personality, Advance online publication, doi: 10.1177/08902070211019242, https://psyarxiv.com/ps9gn/

Baranski, E., Gardiner, G., Lee, D., Members of the International Situations Project, Funder, D. (in press). Who in the world is trying to change their personality traits? Volitional personality change among college students in 56 countries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Beilmann, M., Lilleoja, L., & Realo, A. (2021). Learning to trust: Trends in generalized social trust in the three Baltic countries from 1990 to 2018. In A. Almakaeva, A. Moreno, & R. Wilkes, R. (Eds.), Social capital and subjective well-being: Insights from cross-cultural studies (pp. 19-43). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-75813-4.

Brauer, K., Proyer, R. T., Greiff, S., Brown, A., Gander, F., Münscher, J.-C., Realo, A., Rivera, D., Rossier, J., & Wagner, L. (2021). Planning a career in psychological assessment. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 37, 4, 261-265. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000666

*Lenneis, A., Vainik, U., Teder-Laving, M., Ausmees, L., Lemola, S., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2021). Personality traits relate to chronotype at both the phenotypic and genetic level. Journal of Personality, Advance online publication, doi:10.1111/jopy.12645, https://psyarxiv.com/96bq5/

Lemola, S., Gkiouleka, A., Read, B., Realo, A., Walasek, L., Tang, N., & Elliott, M. T. (2021). Can a ‘Rewards-for-exercise app’ increase physical activity, subjective well-being and sleep quality? An open-label single-arm trial among University staff with low to moderate physical activity levels. BMC Public Health, 21, 782, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10794-w 

2020

Allik, J., Realo, A., & Lauk, K. (2020). The scientific impact derived from the disciplinary profiles. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics, 5:569268, doi: 10.3389/frma.2020.569268

Allik, J., Lauk, K., & Realo, A. (2020). Indicators of the scientific impact of nations revisited. Trames, 24(74/69), 231–250. https//doi.org/10.3176/tr.2020.2.07

Allik, J., Lauk, K., & Realo, A. (2020). Factors predicting the scientific wealth of nations. Cross-Cultural Research, 54, 364–397. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069397120910982

Baranski, E., Sweeny, K., Gardiner, G., Funder, D. C., & Members of the International Situations Project (2020). International optimism: Correlates and consequences of dispositional optimism across 61 countries. Journal of Personality. Advance online publication, doi:10.1111/jopy.12582

*Das-Friebel, A., *Lenneis, A., Realo, A., Sanborn, A., Tang, N., Wolke, D., von Mühlenen, A., & Lemola, S. (2020). Bedtime social media use, sleep, and affective wellbeing in young adults: An experience sampling study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61, 1138-1149. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13326

Dobrowolska, M. et al. (2020). Global perspective on marital satisfaction. Sustainability, 12, 8817, doi:10.3390/su1221881

Gardiner, G., Lee, D., Baranski, E., & Funder, D., & Members of the International Situations Project (2020). Happiness around the world: A combined etic-emic approach across 63 countries. PLoS ONE 15(12): e0242718. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242718

Lee, D. I., Gardiner, G., Baranski, E., Members of the International Situations Project, & Funder, D. C. (2020). Situational experience around the world: A replication and extension in 62 countries. Journal of Personality. Advance online publication, doi:10.1111/jopy.12558

*Lenneis, A., *Das-Friebel, A., Singmann, H., Teder-Laving, M. Lemola, S., Wolke, D., Tang, N., von Mühlenen, A., Allik, J., Realo, A. (2020). Intraindividual variability and temporal stability of mid-sleep on free and workdays. Journal of Biological Rhythms. Advance online publication, https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730420974842

Mõttus, R., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2020). Do self-reports and informant-ratings measure the same personality constructs? European Journal of Personality Assessment, 36, 289–295. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000516.

2019

Allik, J. & Realo, A. (2019). Culture and personality. In D. Matsumoto and H.-C. Hwang (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology, 2nd ed. (pp. 401-430). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190679743.003.0013

McCrae, R. R., Mõttus, R., Hřebíčková, M., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2019). Source method biases as implicit personality theory at the domain and facet levels. Journal of Personality, 87, 813-826. doi: 0.1111/jopy.12435

Realo, A. (2019). (Ed.) In praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Tartu: University of Tartu Press.

Vainik, U., Dagher, A., Realo, A., Colodro-Conde, L., Mortensen, E. L., Jang, K., Juko, A., Kandler, C., Sørensen, T. I. A., & Mõttus, R. (2019). Personality-obesity associations are driven by narrow traits: A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 20, 1121-1131. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12856

2018

Allik, J., Mõttus, R., Realo, A., & *Rozgonjuk, D. (2018). What makes young Russians happy and satisfied with their lives? Sage Open, 8(3), 1-11. doi: 10.1177/2158244018803136

Allik, J. & Realo, A. (2018). Cross-cultural perspectives on personality and individual differences. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Personality and Individual Differences (pp. 303-320). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Allik, J., Hřebíčková, M., & Realo, A. (2018). Unusual configurations of personality traits indicate multiple patterns of their coalescence. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 187. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00187

*Beilmann, M., Kööts-Ausmees, L., & Realo, A. (2018). The relationship between social capital and individualism-collectivism in Europe. Social Indicators Research,137, 641–664. doi:10.1007/s11205-017-1614-4

Hřebíčková, M., Mõttus, R., Graf, S., Jelinek, M., & Realo, A. (2018). How accurate are national stereotypes? A test of different methodological approaches. European Journal of Personality, 32, 87-99. doi.org/10.1002/per.2146

*Mill, A., Kööts-Ausmees, L., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2018). The role of co-occurring emotions and personality traits in anger expression. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 123. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00123

Realo, A., van Middendorp, H., Kööts-Ausmees, L., Allik, J., & Evers, A. W. M. (2018). The role of personality traits in reporting the development of adverse drug reactions: A prospective cohort study of the Estonian general population. BMJ Open, 8, e022428. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022428

Sorokowska, A., Groyecka, A., Karwowski, M., Frackowiak, T., Lansford, J. E., Ahmadi, K., . . . Realo, A., .... Sorokowski, P. (2018). Global study of social odor awareness. Chemical Senses, 43, 503-513. doi:10.1093/chemse/bjy038

2017

Allik, J., Church, A. T., Ortiz, F. A., Rossier, J., Hřebíčková, M., de Fruyt, F., Realo, A., McCrae, R. R. (2017). Mean profiles of the NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48, 402-420. doi: 10.1177/0022022117692100

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2017). The elusive theory of everything. European Journal of Personality, 31(5), 529-530.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2017). Universal and specific in the Five-Factor Model of personality. In T. A. Widiger (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Five Factor Model of Personality (pp. 173-190). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199352487.013.23

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2017). How valid are culture-level mean personality scores? In T. Church (Ed.), The Praeger Handbook of Personality across Cultures, Vol 1: Trait Psychology across Cultures (pp. 193-224). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger & ABC-Clio.

Baranski, E., Gardiner, G., Guillaume, E., Aveyard, M., Bastian, B., Bronin, I., Ivanova, C., Cheng, J.T., De Kock, F.S., Denissen, J.J., Gallardo-Pujol, D., Halama, P., Han, G.Q., Bae, J., Moon, J., Hong, R.Y., Hřebíčková, M., Graf, S., Izdebski, P., Lundmann, L., Penke, L., Perugini, M., Costantini, G., Rauthmann, J., Ziegler, M., Realo, A., Elme L., Sato, T., Kawamoto, S., Szarota, P., Tracy, J.L., van Aken, M.A., Yang, Y., & Funder, D.C. (2017). Comparisons of daily behavior across 21 countries. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8, 252-266.

Mõttus, R., Realo, A., Vainik, U., Allik, J., & Esko, T. (2017). Educational attainment and personality are genetically intertwined. Psychological Science, 11, 1631-1639, doi: 10.1177/0956797617719083

Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2017). National character. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_475-1

Realo, A., *Johannson, J., & Schmidt, M. (2017). Subjective well-being and self-reported health in osteoarthritis patients before and after arthroplasty. Journal of Happiness Studies, 18, 1191-1206. doi: 10.1007/s10902-016-9769-2

Realo, A., *van der Most, P. J., Allik, J., Esko, T., Jeronimus, B. F., Kööts-Ausmees, L., Mõttus, R., Tropf, F. C., Snieder, H., & Ormel, J. (2017). SNP-based heritability estimates of common and specific variance in self- and informant-reported Neuroticism scales. Journal of Personality, 85, 906-919. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12297

Sorokowska, A., Sorokowski, P., Hilpert, P., Cantanero, K., Frackowiak, T., Khodabakhsh, A., /.../, Realo, A., /.../ Pierce, J. D. (2017). Preferred interpersonal distances: A global comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48, 577–592.

Sorokowski, P., Randall, A. K., Groyecka, A., Frackowiak, T., Cantarero, K., Hilpert, P., ... Realo, A., ... Sorokowska, A. (2017). Marital satisfaction, sex, age, marriage duration, religion, number of children, economic status, education, and collectivistic values: Data from 33 countries. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(1199). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01199

2016

Allik, J., de Vries, R., & Realo, A. (2016). Why are moderators of self-other agreement difficult to establish? Journal of Research in Personality, 63, 72-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.05.013

Čukić, I., Mõttus, R., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2016). Elucidating the links between personality traits and diabetes mellitus: Examining the role of facets, assessment methods, and selected mediators. Personality and Individual Differences, 94, 377-382. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.01.052

De Vries, R., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2016). Using personality item characteristics to predict single-item reliability, retest reliability, and self-other agreement. European Journal of Personality, 30, 618-636. doi: 10.1002/per.2083

Guillaume, E., Baranski, E., Todd, E., Brock, B. Bronin, I., Ivanova, C., Cheng, J. T., de Kock, F. S., Denissen, J. J. A., Gallardo‐Pujol, D., Halama, P., Han, G. Q., Bae, J., Moon, J., Hong, R. Y., Hřebičkova, M., Graf, S., Izdebski, P., Lundmann, L., Penke, L., Perugini, M., Costantini, G., Rauthmann, J., Ziegler, M., Realo, A., Elme, L., Sato, T., Kawamoto, S., Szarota, P., Tracy, J. L., van Aken, M. A. G., Yang, Y., Funder, D. C. (2016). The World at 7: Comparing the experience of situations across 20 countries. Journal of Personality, 84, 493-509.

Kööts-Ausmees, L., & Realo, A. (2016). Life satisfaction among ethnic minorities in Europe. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 47, 457-478. doi: 10.1177/0022022116628671

Kööts-Ausmees, L., Schmidt, M., Esko, T., Metspalu, A., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2016). The role of the Five Factor personality traits in self-reported general health. European Journal of Personality, 30, 492-504. doi: 10.1002/per.2058

*Mill, A., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2016). Emotional variability predicts tiredness in daily life: An experience sampling study. Journal of Individual Differences, 37, 181-193. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001/a000206

Mõttus, R., Allik, J., Hrebickova, M., Kööts-Ausmees, L., & Realo, A. (2016). Age differences in the variance of personality characteristics. European Journal of Personality, 30, 4-11. doi: 10.1002/per.2036

Okbay, A., Baselmans, B. M. L., De Neve, J.-E., Turley, P., Nivard, M. G., Fontana, M. A., … Realo, A., … Koellinger, P. D., Benjamin, D. J., Bartels, M., Cesarini, D. (2016). Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses. Nature Genetics, 48, 624-633. doi: 10.1038/ng.3552

Realo, A. (2016). Editorial: Disentangling the complex relations among personality, health, and well-being. European Journal of Personality, 30, 423-425. doi: 10.1002/per.2078

van den Berg, S. M., de Moor, M. H. M., Verweij, K. J. H., Krueger, R. F., Luciano, M., Arias Vasquez, A., . . . Realo, A. … Boomsma, D. I. (2016). Meta-analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies for Extraversion: Findings from the Genetics of Personality Consortium. Behavior Genetics, 46, 170-182. doi: 10.1007/s10519-015-9735-5.

2015

Allik, J., Borkenau, P., Hrebickova, M., Kuppens, P., & Realo, A. (2015). How are personality trait and profile agreement related? Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 785. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00785

De Bolle, M; De Fruyt, F.; McCrae, R.R.; Löckenhoff, C. E.; Costa, P.T.; Aguilar-Vafaie, M.E.; Ahn, C.K.; Ahn, H.N.; Alcalay, L.; Allik, J.; Avdeyeva, T.V.; Bratko, D.; Brunner-Sciarra, M.; Cain, T.R.; Chan, W.; Chittcharat, N.; Crawford, J.T.; Fehr, R.; Ficková, E.; Gelfand, M.; Graf, S.; Gülgöz, S.; Hřebíčková, M.; Jussim, L.; Klinkosz, W.; Knežević, G.; Leibovich de Figueroa, N.; Lima, M.P.; Martin, T.A.; Marušić, I.; Mastor, K.A.; Nakazato, K.; Nansubuga, F.; Porrata, J.; Purić, D.; Realo, A.; Reátegui, N.; Rolland, J.P.; Schmidt, V.; Sekowski, A; Shakespeare-Finch, J.; Shimonaka, Y.; Simonetti, F.; Siuta, J.; Szmigielska, B.; Vanno, V.; Wang, L.; Yik, M.; Terracciano, A. (2015). The emergence of sex differences in personality traits in early adolescence: A cross-sectional, cross-cultural study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 171-185.

de Moor, M. H. M., van den Berg, S. M., Verweij, K. J., Krueger, R. F., Luciano, M., Arias Vasquez, A., . . . Realo, A. … Boomsma, D. I. (2015). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for neuroticism, and the polygenic association with major depressive disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 72, 642-650. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.0554

Kööts-Ausmees, L., & Realo, A. (2015). The association between life satisfaction and self-reported health status in Europe. European Journal of Personality, 29, 647–657. doi: 10.1002/per.2037

*Mandel, A., & Realo, A. (2015). Across-time change and variation in cultural tightness-looseness. PLoS ONE 10(12): e0145213. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145213

*Mill, A., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2015). Retrospective ratings of emotions: the effects of age, daily tiredness, and personality. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(2020). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02020

Mõttus, R., Esko, T., Metspalu, A., Allik, J., Realo, A., & Johnson, W. (2015). Within-trait heterogeneity in age-group differences in personality domains and facets: Implications for the development and coherence of personality traits. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0119667. doi: 10.1371/journal

*Pungas, E., Täht, K., Realo, A., & Tammaru, T. (2015). Does ethnicity matter in intentions to study abroad? Analysis of high school students in Estonia. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 41, 2376-2395. doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2015.1059739

Realo, A., *Linnamägi, K., & Gelfand, M. (2015). The cultural dimension of tightness–looseness: An analysis of situational constraint in Estonia and Greece. International Journal of Psychology, 50, 193-204. doi: 10.1002/ijop.12097

Realo, A., *Teras, A., Kööts-Ausmees, L., Esko, T., Metspalu, A., & Allik, J. (2015). The relationship between the Five-Factor Model personality traits and peptic ulcer disease in a large population-based adult sample. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 56, 693-699. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12248

*Vainik, U., Mõttus, R., Allik, J., Esko, T., & Realo, A. (2015). Are trait-outcome associations caused by scales or particular items? Example analysis of personality facets and BMI. European Journal of Personality, 29, 622–634. doi: 10.1002/per.2009

2014

*Beilmann, M., Mayer, B., Kasearu, K., & Realo, A. (2014). The relationship between adolescents’ social capital and individualism-collectivism in Estonia, Germany, and Russia. Child Indicators Research, 3, 589-611.

*Dobewall, H., Aavik, T., Konstabel, K., Schwartz, S., & Realo, A. (2014). A comparison of self-other agreement in personal values versus the Big Five personality traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 50, 1-10.

Löckenhoff, C. E., Chan, W., McCrae, R. R., De Fruyt, F., Jussim, L., De Bolle, M., Costa, P. T., Sutin, A. R., Realo, A. … Terracciano, A. (2014). Gender stereotypes of personality: Universal or accurate? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45, 675–694.

Mõttus, R., McCrae, R. R., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2014). Cross-rater agreement on common and specific variance of personality scales and items. Journal of Research in Personality, 52, 47-54.

van den Berg, S. M., de Moor, M. H., McGue, M., Pettersson, E., Terracciano, A., Verweij, K. J., . . . Realo, A. … Boomsma, D. I. (2014). Harmonization of Neuroticism and Extraversion phenotypes across inventories and cohorts in the Genetics of Personality Consortium: An application of Item Response Theory. Behavior Genetics, 44(4), 295-313. doi:10.1007/s10519-014-9654-x

2013

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2013). Isiksus ja kultuur [Culture and personality]. Tuna: Ajalookultuuri ajakiri, 16, 2-25.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2013). How is freedom distributed across the earth. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 482-483.

Amin N, Hottenga JJ, Hansell NK, Janssens AC, de Moor MH, Madden PA, Zorkoltseva IV, Penninx BW, Terracciano A, Uda M, Tanaka T, Esko T, Realo A, Ferrucci L, Luciano M, Davies G, Metspalu A, Abecasis GR, Deary IJ, Raikkonen K, Bierut LJ, Costa PT, Saviouk V, Zhu G, Kirichenko AV, Isaacs A, Aulchenko YS, Willemsen G, Heath AC, Pergadia ML, Medland SE, Axenovich TI, de Geus E, Montgomery GW, Wright MJ, Oostra BA, Martin NG, Boomsma DI, van Duijn CM (2013). Refining genome-wide linkage intervals using a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies loci influencing personality dimensions. European Journal of Human Genetics, 21, 876-882.

Borkenau, P., Hřebíčková, M., Kuppens, P., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2013). Sex differences in variability in personality: A study in four samples. Journal of Personality, 81, 49-60.

*Dobewall, H., Realo, A., Allik, J., Esko, T., & Metspalu, A. (2013). Self-other agreement in happiness and life-satisfaction: The role of personality traits. Social Indicators Research, 114, 479-492.

*Kööts-Ausmees, L., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2013). The relationship between life satisfaction and emotional experience in 21 European countries. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 223-244.

McCrae, R. R., Chan, W., Jussim, L., De Fruyt, F., Löckenhoff, C., De Bolle, M., Costa, P. T., Hřebíčková, M., Graf, S., Realo, A. et al. (2013). The inaccuracy of national character stereotypes. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), 831-842.

Pullmann, H., Realo, A., Kreegipuu, K., Allik, J., & Mõttus, R. (2013). Fatigue and university performance. In E. Saar & R. Mõttus (Eds.), Higher Education in the Crossroad: The Case of Estonia (pp. 92-117). Frankfurt Am Main: Peter Lang Publishers.

Realo, A., Siiroinen, M., Tissari, H., & *Kööts, L. (2013). Finno-Ugric emotions: The meaning of anger in Estonian and Finnish. In J. Fontaine, K. R. Scherer, & C. Soriano (Eds.), Components of emotional meaning: A sourcebook (pp. 328-338). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rietveld, C., Medland, S., Derringer, J., Yang, J., Esko, T., Martin, N., … Allik, J., … Realo, A., … Benjamin, D. J., Cesarini, D., Koellinger, P. D. (2013). GWAS of 126,559 individuals identifies genetic variants associated with educational attainment. Science, 340, 1467-1471.

2012

Allik, J., Massoudi, K., Realo, A., & Rossier, J. (2012). Personality and culture: Cross-cultural psychology at the next crossroads. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 5-12.

Allik, J., Realo, A., Mõttus, R., Borkenau, P., Kuppens, P., & Hřebíčková, M. (2012). Person-fit to the Five Factor Model of personality. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 35-45.

Allik, J., Realo, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2012). Universality of the Five-Factor Model of Personality. In T. A. Widiger and P. T. Costa, Jr. (Eds). Personality disorders and the Five Factor model (3rd ed.) (pp. 61-74). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

*Beilmann, M., & Realo, A. (2012). Individualism-collectivism and social capital at the individual level. Trames, 16, 205-217.

Chan, W., McCrae, R. R., De Fruyt, F., Jussim, L., Lockenhoff, C. E., De Bolle, M., Costa, P. T., Sutin, A. R., Realo, A., Allik, J., Nakazato, K., Shimonaka, Y., Hrebickova, M., Graf, S., Yik, M., Brunner-Sciarra, M., de Figueora, N. L., Schmidt, V., Ahn, C. K., Ahn, H. N., Aguilar-Vafaie, M. E., Siuta, J., Szmigielska, B., Cain, T. R., Crawford, J. T., Mastor, K. A., Rolland, J. P., Nansubuga, F., Miramontez, D. R., Benet-Martinez, V., Rossier, J., Bratko, D., Marusic, I., Halberstadt, J., Yamaguchi, M., Knezevic, G., Martin, T. A., Gheorghiu, M., Smith, P. B., Barbaranelli, C., Wang, L., Shakespeare-Finch, J., Lima, M. P., Klinkosz, W., Sekowski, A., Alcalay, L., Simonetti, F., Avdeyeva, T. V., Pramila, V. S., & Terracciano, A., (2012). Stereotypes of age differences in personality traits: Universal and accurate? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 1050-1066.

*Kööts, L., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2012). Relationship between linguistic antonyms in momentary and retrospective ratings of happiness and sadness. Journal of Individual Differences, 33, 43-53.

de Moor, M. H. M., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Krueger, R. F., de Geus, E. J. C, Toshiko, T., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Esko, T., Madden, P. A. F., Derringer, J., Amin, N., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J.-J., Distel, M. A., Uda, M., Sanna, S., Spinhoven, P., Hartman, C. A., Sullivan, P., Realo, A., Allik, J., Heath, A. C., Pergadia, M. L., Agrawal, A., Lin, P., Grucza, R., Nutile, T., Ciullo, M., Rujescu, D., Giegling, I., Konte, B., Widen, E., Cousminer, D. L., Eriksson, J. G., Palotie, A., Peltonen, L., Luciano, M., Tenesa, A., Davies, G., Houlihan, L. M., Hansell, N. K., Medland, S. E., Ferrucci, L., Schlessinger, D., Montgomery, G. W., Wright, M. J., Aulchenko, Janssens, A. C. J. W., Oostra, B. A., Metspalu, A., Abecasis, G. R., Deary, I. J., Räikkönen, K., Bierut, L. J., Martin, N. G., van Duijn, C. M., & Boomsma, D. I. (2012). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for personality. Molecular Psychiatry, 17, 337-349.

Luciano M, Lopez LM, de Moor MHM, Harris SE, Davies G, Nutile T, Krueger RF, Esko T, Schlessinger D, Toshiko T, Derringer JL, Realo A, Hansell NK, Pergadia ML, Pesonen A-K, Sanna S, Terracciano A, Madden PAF, Penninx B, Spinhoven P, Hartman CA, Oostra BA, Janssens ACJW, Eriksson JG, Starr JM, Cannas A, Ferrucci L, Metspalu A, Wright MJ, Heath AC, van Duijn CM, Bierut LJ, Raikkonen K, Martin NG, Ciullo M, Rujescu D, Boomsma DI, Deary IJ. (2012) . Longevity Candidate Genes and Their Association With Personality Traits in the Elderly. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B-Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 159B,192-200.

Mõttus, R., Realo, A., Allik, J., Deary, I. J., Esko, T., & Metspalu, A. (2012). Personality traits and eating habits in a large sample of Estonians. Health Psychology, 31, 806-814.

Mõttus, R., Realo, A., Allik, J., Esko, T., & Metspalu, A. (2012). History of the diagnosis of a sexually transmitted disease is linked to normal variation in personality traits. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 2861–2867.

Mõttus, R., Allik, J., Realo, A., Pullmann, H., Rossier, J., Zecca, G., Ah-Kion, J., Amoussou-Yéyé, D., Bäckström, M., Barkauskiene, R., Barry, O., Bhowon, U., Björklund, F., Bochaver, A., Bochaver, K., de Bruin, D., Cabrera, H. F., Xiaohua Chen, S., Church, T. A., Cissé, D., Dahourou, D. D., Feng, X., Guan, Y., Hwang, H.-Y., Idris, F., Katigbak, M. S., Kuppens, P., Kwiatkowska, A., Laurinavicius, A., Mastor, K. A., Matsumoto, D., Riemann, R., Schug, J., Simpson, B., Ng Tseung, C. (2012). Comparability of self-reported conscientiousness across 21 countries. European Journal of Personality, 26, 303-317.

Mõttus, R., Allik, J., Realo, A., Rossier, J., Zecca, G., Ah-Kion, J., Amoussou-Yéyé, D., Bäckström, M., Barkauskiene, R., Barry, O., Bhowon, U., Björklund, F., Bochaver, A., Bochaver, K., de Bruin, D., Cabrera, H. F., Chen, S. X., Church, A. T., Cissé, D., Donatien Dahourou, D., Feng, X, Guan, Y., Hwang, H.-S., Idris, F., Katigbak, M. S., Kuppens, P., Kwiatkowska, A., Laurinavicius, A., Mastor, K. A., Matsumoto, D., Riemann, R., Schug, J., Simpson, B., Tseung, C. N., & Johnson, W. (2012). The effect of response style on self-reported conscientiousness across 20 countries. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38,1423-1436.

2011

Allik, J., Mõttus, R., Realo, A., Pullmann, H., *Trifonova, A., McCrae, R. R. & 56 Members of the Russian Character and Personality Survey (2011). Personality profiles and the "Russian Soul:" Literary and scholarly views evaluated. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42, 372–389.

Gelfand, M. J., Raver, J. L., Nishii, L., Leslie, L. M., Lun, J., Lim, B. C., Duan, L., Almaliach, A., Ang, S., Arnadottir, J., Aycan, Z., Boehnke, K., Boski, P., Cabecinhas, R., Chan, D., Chhokar, J., D’Amato, A., Ferrer, M., Fischlmayr, I. C., Fischer, R., Fülöp, M., Georgas, J., Kashima, E. S., Kashima, Y., Kim, K., Lempereur, A., Marquez, P., Othman, R., Overlaet, B., Panagiotopoulou, P., Peltzer, K., Perez-Florizno, L. R., Petrovna, L., Realo, A., Schei, V., Schmitt, M., Smith, P. B., Soomro, N., Szabo, E., Taveesin, N., Toyama, M., Van de Vliert, E., Vohra, N., Ward, C., & Yamaguchi, S. (2011). Differences between tight and loose cultures: A 33-nation study. Science, 332, 1100-1104.

Kalmus, V., Realo, A., & Siibak, A. (2011). Motives for internet use and their relationships with personality traits and socio-demographic factors.Trames, 15, 365-403.

*Kööts, L., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2011). The influence of weather on affective experience: An experience sampling study. Journal of Individual Differences, 32, 74-84.

Loughnan, S., Kuppens, P., Allik, J., Balazs, K., De Lemus, S., Dumont, K., Gargurevich, R., Hidegkuti, I., Leidner, B., Matos, L., Park, J., Realo, A., Shi, J., Sojo, V. E., Tong, Y.-Y., Vaes, J., Verduyn, P., Yeung, V., & Haslam, N. (2011). Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception.Psychological Science, 22, 1254-1258.

Middeldorp, C. M., de Moor, M. H. M., en M. McGrath, L. M., Gordon, S. D., Blackwood, D. H., Costa, P. T., Terracciano, A., Krueger, R. F., de Geus, E. J. C., Nyholt, D. R., Tanaka, T., Esko, T., Madden, P. A. F., Derringer, J., Amin N., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J.-J-., Distel, M. A., Uda, M., Sanna, S., Spinhoven, P., Hartman, C. A., Ripke, S., Sullivan, P. F., Realo, A., Allik, J., Heath, A. C., Pergadia, M. L., Agrawal, A., Lin, P., Grucza, ., Widen, E., Cousminer, D. L., Eriksson, J. G., Palotie, A., Barnett, J. H., Lee, P. H., Luciano, M., Tenesa, A., Davies, G., Lopez, L. M., Hansell, N. K., Medland, S. E., Ferrucci, L., Schlessinger, D., Montgomery, G. W., Wright, M. J., Aulchenko, Y. S., Janssens, A. C. J. W., Oostra, B. A., Metspalu, A., Abecasis, G. R., Deary, I. J., Räikkönen, K., Bierut, L. J., Martin, N. G., Wray, N. R., van Duijn, C. M., Smoller, J., Penninx, B. W. J. H., & Boomsma, D. I. (2011). The genetic association between personality and major depression or bipolar disorder. A polygenic score analysis using genome wide association data. Translational Psychiatry, 1, e50; doi:10.1038/tp.2011.45

Realo, A., & *Dobewall, H. (2011). Does life satisfaction change with age? A Comparison of Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Sweden. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 297–308.

Terracciano, A., Esko, T., Sutin, A. R., de Moor, M. H. M., Meirelles, O., Zhu, G., Tanaka, T., Giegling, I., Nutile, T., Realo, A., Allik, J., Hansell, N. K., Wright, M. J., Montgomery, G. W., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J.-J., Friedl, M., Ruggiero, D., Sorice, R., Sanna, S., Cannas, A., Räikkönen, K., Widen, E., Palotie, A., Eriksson, J. G., Cucca, F., Krueger, R. F., Lahti, J., Luciano, M., Smoller, J. W., van Duijn, C. M., Abecasis, G. R., Boomsma, D. I., Ciullo, M., Costa, P. T. Jr., Ferrucci, L., Martin, N. G., Metspalu, A., Rujescu, D., Schlessinger, D., Uda, M. (2011). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies common variants in CTNNA2associated with Excitement-Seeking. Translational Psychiatry, 1, e49;doi:10.1038/tp.2011.42

2010

Allik, J., Mõttus, R., & Realo, A. (2010). Does national character reflect mean personality traits when both are measured by the same instrument?Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 62-69.

Allik, J., Realo, A., Mõttus, R., Borkenau, P., Kuppens, P., & Hřebíčková, M. (2010). How people see others is different from how people see themselves: A replicable pattern across cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 870-882.

Allik, J., Realo, A., Mõttus, R., Esko, T., Pullat, J., & Metspalu, A. (2010). Variance determines self-observer agreement on the Big Five personality traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 421-426.

Allik, J., Realo, A., Mõttus, R., & Kuppens, P. (2010). Generalizability of self–other agreement from one personality trait to another. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 128-132.

McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., De Fruyt, F., De Bolle, M., Gelfand, M. J., Costa, P. T., Jr., & 42 Members of the Adolescent Personality Profiles of Cultures Project [Allik, J., ... Realo, A.] (2010). The validity and structure of culture-level personality scores: Data from ratings of young adolescents.Journal of Personality, 78, 815-837.

Mõttus, R., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2010). An attempt to validate national mean scores of conscientiousness: No necessarily paradoxical findings.Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 630-640.

2009

Allik, J. & Realo, A. (2009). Editorial: Personality and culture. European Journal of Personality, 23, 149–152.

Allik, J., Realo, A., *Mõttus, R., Pullmann, H., *Trifonova, A., McCrae, R. R., & 56 Members of the Russian Character and Personality Survey (2009). Personality traits of Russians from the observer's perspective.European Journal of Personality, 23, 567–588.

De Fruyt, F., De Bolle, M., McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A. Costa, P. T., & Collaborators of the Adolescent Personality Profiles of Cultures Project [Allik, J., …Realo, A.] (2009). Assessing the universal structure of personality in early adolescence: The NEO-PI-R and NEO-PI-3 in 24 cultures. Assessment, 16, 301-311.

De Moor, M. H. M., Boomsma, D., De Geus, E. J. C., Willemsen, G., Hottenga, J.-J., Distel, M. A., … Realo, A., … Van Duijn, C. M. (2009). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association results in >10.000 individuals for the big five personality traits. Behavior Genetics, 39, 643-643.

Löckenhoff, C. E., De Fruyt, F., Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., De Bolle, M., Costa, P. T., Jr., Aguilar-Vafaie, M. E., Ahn, C., Ahn, H., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Avdeyeva, T. V., Barbaranelli, C., Benet-Martinez, V., Blatny, M., Bratko, D., Cain, T. R., Crawford, J. T., Lima, M. P., Fickova, E., Gheorghiu, M., Halberstadt, J., Hrebıckova, M., Jussim, L., Klinkosz, W., Knezević, G., de Figueroa, N.L., Martin, T.A., Marusić, I., Mastor, K.A., Miramontez, D.R., Nakazato, K., Nansubuga, F., Pramila, V.S., Realo, A., Rolland, J.P., Rossier, J., Schmidt, V., Sekowski, A., Shakespeare-Finch, J., Shimonaka, Y., Simonetti, F., Siuta, J., Smith, P.B., Szmigielska, B., Wang, L., Yamaguchi, M., and Yik, M. (2009). Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates. Psychology and Aging, 24, 4, 941–954.

*Mill, A., Allik, J., Realo, A., & Valk, R. (2009). Age-related changes in the ability to recognize sadness and anger: A cross-sectional study. Emotion, 9, 619-630.

Pullmann, H., Allik. J., & Realo, A. (2009). Global self-esteem across the life span: A cross-sectional comparison between nationally representative and self-selected Internet samples. Experimental Aging Research, 35, 20-44.

Realo, A., Allik, J., Lönnqvist, J.-E., Verkasalo, M., Kwiatkowska, A., *Kööts, L., *Kütt, M., Barkauskiene, R., Laurinavicius, A., Karpinski, K., Kolyshko, A., Sebre, S., & Renge, V. (2009). Mechanisms of the national character stereotype: How people in six neighboring countries of Russia describe themselves and the typical Russian. European Journal of Personality, 23, 229–249.

Värnik, A., Kõlves, K., Allik, J., Arensman, E., Aromaa, E., van Audenhove, C., Bouleau, J.-H., van der Feltz-Cornelis, C. M., Giupponi, G., Gusmão, R., Kopp, M., Marusic, A., Maxwell, M., Óskarsson, H., Palmer, A., Pull, A., Realo, A., Reisch, T., Schmidtke, A., Pérez Sola, V., Wittenburg, L., & Hegerl, U. (2009). Gender issues in suicide rates, trends and methods among youths aged 15–24 in 15 European countries. Journal of Affective Disorders, 113, 216-226.

2008

Kuppens, P., Realo, A., & Diener, E. (2008). The role of positive and negative emotions in life satisfaction judgment across nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 66-75.

McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2008). Interpreting GLOBE Societal Practices Scales. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 805-810.

Realo, A., Allik, J., & *Greenfield, B. (2008). Radius of trust: Social capital in relation to familism and institutional collectivism. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 447-462.

Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2008). A quest for universals in comparative personality research: What mad pursuit. European Journal of Personality, 22, 465-468.

Schmitt, D., Realo, A., Voracek, M, & Allik, J. (2008). Why can’t a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 168-182.

2007

McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2007). Climatic warmth and national wealth: Some culture-level determinants of national character stereotypes. European Journal of Personality, 21, 953-976.

McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2007). On the validity of culture-level personality and stereotype scores. European Journal of Personality, 21, 987-991.

2005

Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Ádám, N., Adamovová, L., Ahn, C.-K., Ahn, H.-N., Alansari, B. M., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Angleitner, A., Avia, A., Ayearst, L. E., Barbaranelli, C., Beer, A., Borg-Cunen, M. A., Bratko, D., Brunner-Sciarra, M., Budzinski, L., Camart, N., Dahourou, D., De Fruyt, F., de Lima, M. P., del Pilar, G. E. H., Diener, E., Falzon, R., Fernando, K., Ficková, E., Fischer, R., Flores-Mendoza, C., Ghayur, M. A., Gülgöz, S., Hagburg, B., Halberstadt, J., Halim, M. S., Hrebícková, M., Humrichouse, J., Jensen, H. H., Jocic, D. D., Jónsson, F. H., Khoury, B., Klinkosz, W., Kneñevic, G., Lauri, M. A., Leibovich, N., Martin, T. A., Marušić, I., Mastor, K. A., Matsumoto, D., McRorie, M., Meshcheriakov, B., Mortensen, E. L., Munyae, M., Nagy, J., Nakazato, K., Nansubuga, F., Oishi, S., Ojedokun, A. O., Ostendorf, F., Paulhus, D. L., Pelevin, S., Petot, J.-M., Podobnik, N., Porrata, J. L., Pramila, V. S., Prentice, G., Realo, A., Reátegui, N., Rolland, J.-P., Rossier, J., Ruch, W., Rus, V. S., Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L., Schmidt, V., Sciculna-Calleja, S., Sekowski, A., Shakespeare-Finch, J., Shimonaka¸ Y., Simonetti, F., Sineshaw, T., Siuta, J., Smith, P. B., Trapnell, P. D., Trobst, K. K., Wang, L., Yik, M., Zupancic, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2005). National character in 49 cultures: Perceived and assessed personality traits. Science, 310, 96-100.

McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., Leibovich, N. B., Schmidt, V., Shakespeare-Finch, J., Neubauer, A., De Fruyt, F., Munyae, M., Flores-Mendoza, C., Dahourou, D., Ayearst, L. E., Trobst, K. K., Alcalay, L., Simonetti, F., Bratko, D., Marušić, I., Hrebícková, M., Mortensen, E. L., Jensen, H. H., Allik, J., Realo, A., Sineshaw, T., Rolland, J.-P., Petot, J.-M., Camart, N., Angleitner A., Ostendorf, F., Yik, M. S. M., Jónsson, F. H., Pramila, V. S., Halim, M. S., Shahidi, S., Barbaranelli, C., Shimonaka¸ Y., Abdel Khalek, A. M., Alansari, B. M., Khoury, B., Mastor, K. A., Falzon, R., Lauri, M. A., Borg Cunen, M. A., Scicluna Calleja, S., Diaz-Loving, R., Ghayur, M. A., Fischer, R., Oluyinka Ojedokun, A., Wang, L., Reátegui N., Brunner-Sciarra, M., del Pilar, G. E. H., Sekowski, A., Klinkosz, W., Pedroso de Lima, M., Porrata, J., Martin, T. A., Ficková, E., Adamovová, L., Rus, V. S., Zupancic, A., Ahn, H., Ahn, C., Avia, M. D., Sánchez-Bernardos, M. L., Ruch, W., Rossier, J., Chittcharat, N., Gülgöz, S., Nansubuga, F., Smith, P. B., Prentice, G., McRorie, M., Budzinski, L., Oishi, S., Diener, D., Beer, A., Humrichouse, J., Matsumoto, D., Knecevic, G., Djuric Jocic, D. (2005). Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 407-425.

McCrae, R.R., Terracciano, A., Khoury, B., Nansubuga F., Kneževič, G. Djuric Jocic, D., Ahn, H., Ahn, C., De Fruyt, F., Gülgöz, S., Ruch, W., Arif Ghayur, M., Avia, M.D., Sánchez-Bernardos, M.L., Rossier, J., Dahourou, D., Fischer, R., Shakespeare-Finch, J., Yik, M.S.M., Smith, P.B., Angleitner, A., Ostendorf, F., Halim, M.S., Hřebíčková, M., Martin, T.A., Sineshaw, T., Sekowski, A., Klinkosz, W., Prentice, G., McRorie, M., Flores-Mendoza, C., Shimonaka, Y., Nakazato, K., Mastor, K.A., Barbaranelli, C., Alcalay, L., Simonetti, F., Pramila, V.S., Falzon, R., Lauri, M. A., Borg Cunen, M.A., Calleja, S.S., Pedroso de Lima, M., Bratko, D., Marušić, I., Allik, J., Realo, A., Abdel Khalek, A.M., Alansari, B.M., del Pilar, G.E.H., Ojedokun, A.O., Munyae, M., Budzinski, L., Oishi, S., Diener, E., Chittcharat, N., Wang, L., Beer, A., Humrichouse, J., Mortensen, E.L., Jensen, H.H., Jónsson, F.H., Ficková, E., Adamovová, L., Rus, V.S., Podobnik, N., Diaz-Loving, R., Leibovich, N.B., Schmidt, V., Reátegui, N., Brunner-Sciarra, M., Ayearst, L.E., Trobst, K.K., Matsumoto, D., Neubauer, A., Porrata, J., Rolland, J.-P., Petot, J.-M., & Camart, N. (2005). Universal features of personality traits from the observer’s perspective: Data from 50 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 547-561.

2004

Allik, J., *Laidra, K., Realo, A., & Pullmann, H. (2004). Personality development from 12 to 18 years of age: Changes in mean levels of traits and in their structure. European Journal of Personality, 18, 445-462.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2004). Individualism-collectivism and social capital.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 29-49.

Goodwin, R., Kwiatkowska, A., Realo, A., Kozlova, A., Nguyen Luu, L. A., & Nizharadze, G. (2004). Social representations of HIV/AIDS in five Central and Eastern European countries: A multi-dimensional analysis. AIDS Care, 16, 669-680.

Realo, A., *Kästik, L., & Allik, J. (2004). The relationships between collectivist attitudes and elementary forms of human relations: Evidence from Estonia. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 21, 779-794.

2003

Goodwin, R., Kozlova, A., Kwiatkowska, A., Nguyen Luu, L. A., & Nizharadze, G. Realo, A., Külvet, A., & Rämmer, A. (2003). Social Representations of HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 1373-1384.

Realo, A. (2003). Comparison of public and academic discourses: Estonian individualism and collectivism revisited. Culture & Psychology, 9,47-77.

Realo, A., Allik, J., *Nõlvak, A., Valk, R., Ruus, T., *Schmidt, M., & *Eilola, T. (2003). Mind-reading ability: Beliefs and performance. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 420-445.

Realo, A., & Goodwin, R. (2003). Family-related allocentrism and HIV risk behavior in Central and Eastern Europe. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34, 690-701.

2002

*Konstabel, K., Realo, A., & Kallasmaa, T. (2002). Exploring the sources of variations in the structure of personality traits across cultures. In R. R. McCrae & J. Allik (Eds.), The Five-Factor Model of personality across cultures (pp. 29-52). New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Goodwin, R., Realo, A., Kwiatkowska, A., Kozlova, A., Nguyen Luu, L. A., & Nizharadze, G. (2002). Values and sexual behavior in Central and Eastern Europe. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 45-56.

Realo, A., *Koido, K., Ceulemans, E., & Allik, J. (2002). Three components of individualism. European Journal of Personality, 16, 163–184.

2001

*Matto, H., & Realo, A. (2001). The Estonian Self-Concept Clarity Scale: Psychometric properties and personality correlates. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 59-70.

2000

Costa, P. T., Jr., McCrae, R. R., Martin, T. A., Oryol, V. E., Senin, I. G., Rukavishnikov, A. A., Shimonaka, Y., Nakazato, K., Gondo, Y., Takayama, M., Allik, J., Kallasmaa, T., & Realo, A. (2000). Personality development from adolescence through adulthood: Further cross-cultural comparisons of age differences. In V. J. Molfese & D. Molfese (Eds.), Temperament and personality development across the life span (pp. 235-252). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kallasmaa, T., Allik, J., Realo, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2000). The Estonian version of the NEO-PI-R: An examination of universal and culture-specific aspects of the Five-Factor Model. European Journal of Personality, 14, 265-278.

Kallasmaa T., Konstabel K., & Realo A. (2000). Five-Factor Model of personality in Estonian: Universal and culture-specific aspects. International Journal of Psychology, 35, 279.

1999

Gelfand, M. J., & Realo, A. (1999). Individualism-collectivism and accountability in intergroup negotiations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 721-736.

Realo, A., & Allik, J. (1999). A cross-cultural study of collectivism: A comparison of American, Estonian, and Russian students. Journal of Social Psychology, 139, 133-142.

1998

Realo, A., & Allik, J. (1998). The Estonian Self-Consciousness Scale and its relation to the Five-Factor model of personality. Journal of Personality Assessment, 70, 109-124.

1997

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1997). Emotional experience and its relation to the Five-Factor Model in Estonian. Journal of Personality, 65, 625-647.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1997). Intelligence, academic abilities, and personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 809-814.

Realo, A., Allik, J., & Vadi, M. (1997). The hierarchical structure of collectivism. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 93-116.

1996

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1996). The hierarchical nature of individualism-collectivism: Comments on Matsumoto et al. (1996). Culture & Psychology, 2, 109-117.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1996). On the relationship between personality and totalitarian regimes: A critique of Western stereotypes. Journal of Baltic Studies, 27, 331-335.

Other Articles in English

Allik, J., Mõttus, R., Realo, A., Pullmann, H., Trifonova, A., McCrae, R. R., Meshcheryakov, B. G. & 55 Members of the Russian Character and Personality Survey (2009). How national character is constructed: personality traits attributed to the typical Russian. Psychological Journal of International University of Nature, Society and Human "Dubna", 1-23 (www.psyanima.ru).

Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2009). On the relationship between social capital and individualism–collectivism. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3, 1-16.

Realo, A., & *Luik, M. (2002). On the relationship between collectivism and empathy in the context of personality traits. Trames, 6, 218-233.

*Kants, L., & Realo, A. (1999). Meta-level collectivism in Estonia and Finland. Trames, 3, 3-18.

Realo, A. (1998). Collectivism in an individualist culture: The case of Estonia. Trames, 2, 19-39.

Realo, A. (1998). Editorial "Multiculturalism: Diversity in action." Trames, 2, 203-208.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1997). Psychological and cultural mechanisms of suicide. Trames, 1, 306-321.

Chapters in Books Published by Local Publishers

Realo, A., Kööts-Ausmees, L., & Allik, J. (2015). Can we be satisfied with life without being happy? Life satisfaction and emotional experience. Measuring and Reporting on Europeans’ Wellbeing: Findings from the European Social Survey. [Online] Available from: www.esswellbeingmatters.org, accessed 22 June 2015.

Realo, A. (2013). Values. In M. Heidmets (Ed.), Estonian Human Development Report 2012/2013: Estonia in the World (pp. 48-58). Tallinn: Eesti Koostöö Kogu.

Realo, A., & *Dobewall, H. (2011). Age, unemployment, and life satisfaction in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Sweden. In M. Lauristin (Ed.), Estonian Human Development Report 2011: Baltic way(s) of human development—20 years on (pp. 88-90). Tallinn: Eesti Koostöö Kogu.

Realo, A. (2010). Bringing culture into classroom. In P. Ehin & T. Gross (toim), Teaching in a multicultural classroom (pp. 12-28). University of Tartu, EuroCollege Working Papers No 8.

Realo, A. (2009). Happiness and satisfaction with life. In M. Lauristin (Ed.), Estonian Human Development Report 2008 (pp. 63-67). Tallinn: Eesti Koostöö Kogu.

Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2002). The nature and scope of intra-cultural variation on psychological dimensions. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, Unit 2. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/orpc/vol2/iss2/4.

Articles and Book Chapters in Estonian

*Pungas, E., Täht, K., Realo, A., & Tammaru. T. (2015). Välismaal kõrghariduse omandamise kavatsuste rahvuslikud erinevused [Ethnic differences in intentions to study abroad]. Akadeemia, 6, 1060-1081.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2013). Vene hinge otsingul [In search of the Russian soul]. Akadeemia, 8, 1413-1458.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2012). Mitmekesisusest psühholoogi pilguga [Psychological perspectives on diversity]. In I. Rohtmets & T. Tiivel (Eds.), Lehed ja tähed: Mitmekesisus – maailma loov alge (pp. 200-209). Tallinn, Estonia: MTÜ Loodusajakiri.

*Realo, A., & Pillmann, B. (2011). Intelligentsus ja õnn [Intelligence and happiness]. In R. Mõttus, J. Allik, & A. Realo (Eds.), Intelligentsuse psühholoogia [The psychology of intelligence] (pp. 223-231). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Realo, A. (2010). Isiksus ja stereotüübid kultuuridevahelises perspektiivis [Personality and stereotypes in cross-cultural perspective]. In R. Villems (Ed.), Eesti Vabariigi teaduspreemiad 2010 [The National Science Awards of the Republic of Estonia 2010] (pp. 152-166). Tallinn, Estonia: The Estonian Academy Sciences.

Realo, A. (2008). Unistus Eestist [The Estonian dream]. In O. Lukason (Ed.), Tagasi koju? Konverents eestlaste repatrieerumisest [Back to Estonia? A conference about the repatriation of Estonians] (pp. 33-40). Tartu, Estonia: Korporatsioon Rotalia.

Realo, A. (2006). Mis paneb eestlase elust rõõmu tundma? [What makes Estonians happy?]. Horisont, 2, 24-28.

Valk, A., & Realo, A. (2004). Sissejuhatus [Introduction]. In A. Valk & A. Realo (Eds.). Eesti ja eestlaste teiste rahvuste peeglis [Estonia and Estonians in the mirror of other nations] (pp. 9-26). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Allik, J., Realo, A., & Konstabel, K. (2003). Sissejuhatuseks [Introduction]. In J. Allik, A. Realo & K. Konstabel (Eds.), Isiksusepsühholoogia [Personality psychology] (pp. 7-21). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Realo, A. (2003). Individualism-kollektivism ja isiksus [Individualism-collectivism and personality]. In J. Allik, A. Realo & K. Konstabel (Eds.), Isiksusepsühholoogia [Personality psychology] (pp. 251-282). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Realo, A. (2002). Emotsioonid [Emotions]. In J. Allik & M. Rauk (Eds.), Psühholoogia gümnaasiumile [Psychology in high school] (pp. 177-189). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Realo, A., Schmidt, M., & Vadi, M. (2002). Kultuur ja sotsiaalne käitumine [Culture and social behaviour]. In J. Allik & M. Rauk (Eds.), Psühholoogia gümnaasiumile [Psychology in high school] (pp. 222-240). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Realo, A. (2002). Individualism ja kollektivism Eesti moodi [Individualism and collectivism in an Estonian way]. In A. Valk (Ed.), Eesti ja eestlased võrdlevas perspektiivis. Kultuuridevahelisi uurimusi 20. sajandi lõpust [Estonia and Estonians in a cross-cultural perspective: Cross-cultural studies from the end of the 20th century] (pp. 23-41). Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press.

Realo, A. (2000). Kõik on kõikjal [Everything is everwhere]. In E. Ergma (Ed.), Noored teaduses [Youth in science], pp. 26-33. Tallinn, Estonia: The Estonian Academy Sciences.

Edited Books and Special Issues of Journals

Realo, A. (2016) (Ed.). Personality, health, and well-being. Special issue of European Journal of Personality, Vol 30, no 5.

Täht, K., Harro, J., Must, O., & Realo, A. (2013) (Eds.). Kõrgkool ja psühholoogia [University and psychology]. Tartu, Estonia: University of Tartu (150 pages). In Estonian.

Allik, J., Massoudi, K., Realo, A., & Rossier, J. (2012) (Eds.). Special issue of Swiss Journal of Psychology, Vol 71, no 1.

Mõttus, R., Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2011) (Eds.). Intelligentsuse psühholoogia [The psychology of intelligence]. Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press (432 pages). In Estonian.

Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2009) (Eds.). Personality and culture. Special issue of European Journal of Personality, Vol 23, no 3.

Valk, A., & Realo, A. (2004) (Eds.). Eesti ja eestlaste teiste rahvuste peeglis [Estonia and Estonians in the mirror of other nations]. Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press (271 pages). In Estonian.

Allik, J., Realo, A., & Konstabel, K. (2003) (Eds.). Isiksusepsühholoogia [Personality psychology]. Tartu, Estonia: Tartu University Press (357 pages). In Estonian.

Realo, A. (1998) (Ed.). Multiculturalism: Diversity in action. Special issue of Trames, Vol 2, No. 3.