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Teacher-research for difficult circumstances: Sharing research


Back to overall Teacher-research for Difficult Circumstances project (2016–2018)

Community-building and encouraging collaboration among teachers is an important feature of the process of engaging them in and maintaining their motivation to research their classrooms (see 'Collaborative Inquiry'). It is also valuable for them to share their findings with other teachers, at different stages of the research process.

'Teachers Research!' is the name we have been using for a particular kind of innovative, participant-focused event - and associated writing process - for sharing of teacher-research. The original rationale and format are described in the book chapter 'The concept, and spirit, of "Teachers Research!"' (Smith 2015). Basically, the format involves 3-5 minute oral presentations (up to 6 or 7, perhaps) in front of a poster, followed by 'gallery-style' interaction, usually rounded off by discussion in the whole group for a total of 75 to 90 minutes. The presentations can be photographed and audio-/video-recorded and further disseminated on a website, and recordings can be transcribed to form the basis for written reports (see Appendix for instructions that can be given to presenters and chairs of sessions). Aza, Izé Balsemão Oss and Smith (2020) report on one event which has adopted this format - 'Teachers Research! Chile 2016' - where, additionally, plenary sessions featured groups of teacher-researchers, not 'outside experts'. An online version of the Teachers Research! format was successfully developed for the Teachers Research! Online 2021 conference in December 2021.

Underlying connections of this kind of event with teacher-learner autonomy are indicated by Barfield and Smith 1999. From a more affective perspective, teacher-researchers can find the experience of presenting and writing about their research quite daunting, especially when the norms expected are 'academic' ones. Particularly, perhaps, when teachers lack time or are not interested in academic approval, the use of posters rather than powerpoint slides, and documentation via uploading of photographs and audio or video to a website (plus, optionally, drafting of individual reports on the basis of recordings) can be appropriate context-sensitive alternatives.

Innovative, teacher-friendly forms of sharing teacher-research (with teacher-learner autonomy in mind) first started to be pioneered via experimentation with genres during 2012-13 within the IATEFL Research SIG 'Teacher-research updates' web-pages. This culminated in the Teachers Research! event in Harrogate in 2014, which was documented in a multimedia, online record of the day: Teachers Research! Posters, Talks, Discussions, compiled by Richard Smith, with Daniel Xerri, Yasmin Dar & Ana Inés Salvi (2014, IATEFL).

The follow-up online e-book, Teachers Research!, edited by Deborah Bullock and Richard Smith (2015, IATEFL) was shortlisted for a British Council ELTons award for innovative teacher resources in 2016, and is already serving as a model for teacher-research reporting in other teacher associations including BALEAP (S. Brewer, personal communication, 4 April 2016)

The concept underlying the Teachers Research! style of sharing via poster presentations, interaction and discussion has subsequently been exended to the organisation of larger conferences in Izmir, Turkey (June 2015), Santiago, Chile (March 2016), Istanbul, Turkey (June 2016, 2017, 2018) and Buenos Aires, Argentina (May 2017).

The idea of encouraging writing-up of individual reports from recording of an oral presentation in front of a poster was developed with Paula Rebolledo and implemented for the first time at the end of the first Chilean Champion Teachers project cycle in Chile, in January 2014) (see Smith, Connelly and Rebolledo 2015). Innovative writing-up of research has been further pursued in an online e-book arising from the same project: Champion Teachers: stories of exploratory action research, edited by Paula Rebolledo, Richard Smith and Deborah Bullock (2016, The British Council). Currently (April 2018) a follow-up book of stories from the equivalent projec tin Peru is being prepared, for publication by the British Council later in 2018.

Update (February 2022): Conference proceedings showing how these ideas on sharing teacher-research were transferred to an online medium:

Update (January 2017): See the following article for an overview of our innovative work in the area of sharing research:


Aza, L., Izé Balsemão Oss, D. and Smith, R. Forthcoming. 'Reflections on "Teachers Research! Chile 2016"'. ELT Research. Pre-publication version.

Barfield, A. and Smith, R. 1999. ‘Teacher-learner autonomy: Ideas for conference and workshop design’. In Proceedings of Teachers Develop Teachers Research (TDTR) 4 (CD-ROM). Whitstable, Kent: IATEFL.

Bullock, D. and Smith, R. (eds). 2015. Teachers Research! Faversham: IATEFL.

Smith, R. 2015. 'The concept, and spirit, of "Teachers Research!"'. In Bullock, D. and Smith, R. (eds). Teachers Research! Faversham: IATEFL.

Smith, R., Connelly, T. and Rebolledo, P. 2014 ‘Teacher-research as continuing professional development: A project with Chilean secondary school teachers’. In Hayes, D. (ed.) Innovations in the Continuing Professional Development of English language teachers. London: The British Council, pp. 111128.

Rebolledo, P., Smith, R. and Bullock, D. (eds). 2016. Champion Teachers: stories of exploratory action research. London: The British Council.


For those wishing to organize a teacher-research event on similar principles, the following instructions to presenters might be useful:

Details relating to the poster we would like you to prepare and how it will be used: We will be asking you not to use powerpoint slides but instead to talk in front of a poster. The poster should be no larger than 90cm (width) X 120cm - you can use the space as you like. You and others in a group of five different presenters will talk from different corners of a room for no more than 5 minutes each, in front of your poster. This will serve as a stimulus for audience members to come round and look at / discuss your posters with you individually for about 30 minutes and finally there will be a general discussion in the room. So, we’d suggest you don't need too much detailed information on your poster, which should be more like a stimulus for discussion than a ‘full’ presentation. Also, please don't think that you have to produce a multi-coloured, large, professionally produced (and potentially expensive) 'academic conference type' poster - we're encouraging a relatively informal atmosphere so you could even just produce some A4 and A3 sheets (coloured paper perhaps) and stick them on poster paper. The more photos / pictures, the more attractive your poster will be. We hope this gives you enough of a feel for what we’re expecting but please do get in touch if you have any questions in the lead-up to the event! You might like to take a look at the following record of the 'Teachers Research!' event in Harrogate, UK, in 2014, to get a feel for why / how we are imagining these sessions:

And the following instructions to those chosen to chair sessions in the rooms might also come in handy:

Since the format is a little unconventional we thought we'd send you a few notes in advance about how the sessions should be organized. We've attached the draft of the programme and instructions sent to presenters [above] for your information. You might like to explore the website of the Harrogate 2014 event given at the bottom of the instructions for speakers [above] to see how a previous event worked in the style envisaged.

There are a few more things for you to be aware of:

All presenters need to make sure their posters are on the walls before the beginning of the session – please be there early and make sure this occurs!

[first 20-25 minutes] 5 minutes for each presenter in front of their poster – please indicate 'time is up' quite assertively, with an alarm on a mobile phone or by tinkling a glass with a pen. You can show a 'one minute more' sign if you like after 4 mins.

[next 30 to 40 minutes] : people walk around and interact with the poster presenters in front of their posters. If the rooms are really too crowded we will have to think again, for example putting some of the posters in the corridors during this part. It is fine if people want to wander in and out of other rooms during this part.

[final 15 minutes – or more if you prefer: people sit down again and you facilitate a general discussion – e.g. 'what have you seen or heard that is interesting? What would you like to know more about regarding teacher-research? Get the presenters or others in the group to answer as much as possible]

And finally (quite important in order to share the conference with others who can't attend the event)

Could you charge your mobile phone up and try to take a video or at least make an audio-recording on your mobile phone of every 5 minute presentation? Also, take a well-focused photo of every poster — on its own (one shot) and with the presenter standing in front of it (one shot) - and one photo just of the presenter's face? And please try to ask presenters if they mind these being uploaded to a website. Could you then send these to [organizer's email address here] or upload them to the following web-page: it's a good place for sharing photos etc. of the conference.