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Current Research Projects: Heywood

Russia's Foreign Procurement Policy in World War I
Engineer, State and Society in Revolutionary Russia: Iu.V. Lomonosov and the Railways, 1876-1952

Principal investigator

A.J. Heywood

Institutional affiliation

Department of Languages and European Studies, University of Bradford

Title of project

Russia’s Foreign Procurement Policy in World War I

Starting date

1996

Sources of funding

British Academy

Brief description

This long-term project aims to analyse the aims and implementation of Russia’s foreign procurement policy during the First World War. What did the Russian government hope to acquire and why, how did it try to proceed, and with what results? The answers to these questions will provide a new perspective to key questions about the Russian war effort, the functioning of the Entente as an alliance, and the outbreak of revolution in 1917.

Results available?

"Russia’s Foreign Supply Policy in World War I: Imports of Railway Equipment", (forthcoming in The Journal of European Economic History, 2003.

This issue is also discussed in the first chapter of my monograph Modernising Lenin’s Russia: Economic Reconstruction, Foreign Trade and the Railways, Cambridge University Press, 1999.


Principal investigator

A.J. Heywood

Institutional affiliation

Department of Languages and European Studies, University of Bradford

Title of project

Engineer, State and Society in Revolutionary Russia: Iu.V. Lomonosov and the Railways, 1876-1952

Starting date

1998

Sources of funding

Royal Society, and
Arts and Humanities Research Board

Brief description

This project aims to produce the first biography of the eminent engineer Iu.V. Lomonosov (1876-1952). He is deservedly well-known among engineers for his pioneering scientific work on modernising railway traction and mathematical analysis of railway operations. But his full story is a fascinating paradoxical cocktail of prestigious academia, covert revolutionary activism, top-level railway management under both tsar and commissars, revolutionary diplomacy and foreign trade, friendship with Lenin, and, ultimately, a near-fatal fall from grace in the 1920s which led to emigration and proverbial ‘non-person’ status in the USSR until the 1980s. Such a rich life in the circles of power can cast important new light on the history of revolutionary Russia from the 1880s to the 1950s, not least the fundamental relationship between scientist and state, and on Russia’s place in Europe and the wider world.

I aim to complete the biography manuscript in 2003, for publication in 2004 or 2005.

Results available?

"Iu.V. Lomonosov and Locomotive Testing in Russia, 1898-1926", in K.R. Chester, ed., Parovozy, vol. 2. Elements of Locomotive Development in Russia and the USSR , Skipton, Trackside Publications, 2002, pp. 4-15. ISBN 1-900095-17-3.

"Liberalism, Socialism and the Political Identity of Iu.V. Lomonosov to 1917", (being revised for Revolutionary Russia, vol. 16, no. 2, December 2003.

"Socialists, Liberals and the Union of Unions in Kyiv during the 1905 Revolution: An Engineer’s Perspective", forthcoming in Journal of Ukrainian Studies, provisionally in the Winter 2003 issue.

"Iu.V. Lomonosov and the Science of Locomotive Testing in Russia: Consolidation, Methodology and Impact, 1908-17", in Transactions of the Newcomen Society, vol. 72, no. 2, 2000-2001, pp. 269-93.

"Iu.V. Lomonosov and the Science of Locomotive Testing in Russia: First Steps, 1895-1901", in Transactions of the Newcomen Society, vol. 72, no. 1, 2000-2001, pp. 1-15.

Lomonosov’s work as head of the Russian Railway Mission Abroad in 1920-23 is one of the main themes of my monograph Modernising Lenin’s Russia: Economic Reconstruction, Foreign Trade and the Railways (Cambridge University Press, 1999. I have also discussed aspects of this work in various book chapters and articles published in 1990-2000.

Research in Former Soviet Archives on Issues of Historical Political Economy

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