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  • (co-authored with M. Clayton and A. Swift, with the assistance of R. Wareham) How to Think about Religious Schools. Principles and Policies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming)
  • What's Wrong with Lookism? Personal Appearance, Discrimination, and Disadvantage (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023)
  • Living Together as Equals: The Demands of Citizenship (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 229pp
  • Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and Its Place in Egalitarian Thought (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 236pp
  • Community, Solidarity and Belonging: Levels of Community and Their Normative Significance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 241pp
  • Explaining Political Disagreement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), 170pp

Edited books

  • (co-edited with C. Armstrong) Democratic Citizenship and its Futures (London: Routledge, 2012)
  • (co-edited with R. Bellamy) Political Concepts (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003)
  • Ideals of Equality (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)

Edited journal special issues

  • (co-edited with R. Wareham) Theory and Research in Education, Vol. 16, no. 2, 2018. Special issue on 'Faith Schools, Social Cohesion, and Civic Virtue'
  • (co-edited with C. Armstrong) Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Vol. 15, no. 5, 2011, Special issue on ‘Democratic Citizenship and its Futures’
  • (co-edited with N. Holtug) Ethnicities, Vol. 10, no. 4, 2010, Special issue on ‘Immigration, Diversity and Social Cohesion’
  • Ratio, Vol. 10, no. 3, 1997, Special issue on ‘Ideals of Equality’


  • (co-authored with M. Clayton, A. Swift, and R. Wareham) How to Regulate Faith Schools (Wiley, 2018). The Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain's IMPACT series: Philosophical Perspectives on Education Policy, no. 25

Digital magazine articles

  • 'The scourge of lookism', Aeon,

Journal articles

  • (co-authored with F. Minerva) 'Should the Equality Act 2010 Be Extended to Prohibit Appearance Discrimination?', Political Studies, Vol. 70, 2022, 425-442
  • 'What's Wrong with Everyday Lookism?', Politics, Philosophy and Economics, Vol. 20, 2021, 315-335
  • (co-authored with M. Clayton, A. Swift, and R. Wareham) 'The Political Morality of School Composition: The Case of Religious Selection', British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 51, 2021, 827-844
  • 'Faith Schools and the Cultivation of Tolerance', Theory and Research in Education, Vol. 16, 2018, 204-225
  • 'The Critique of Multiculturalism in Britain: Integration, Separation, and Shared Identification', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Vol. 21, 2018, 22-45. Reprinted in R. Ashcroft and M. Bevir (eds) Multiculturalism in Contemporary Britain: Policy, Law and Theory (London: Routledge, 2018)
  • 'Appearance, Discrimination, and Reaction Qualifications', Journal of Political Philosophy, Vol. 25, 2017, 48-71
  • 'Justice, Feasibility, and Ideal Theory: A Pluralist Approach', Social Philosophy and Policy, Vol 33, 2016, 32-54
  • 'Fair Equality of Opportunity and Selective Secondary Schools', Theory and Research in Education, Vol. 14, 2016, 295-312
  • 'Citizenship Tests: Can They Be a Just Compromise?', Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol. 45, 2014, 137-161
  • ‘What is the Point of Justice?’, Utilitas, Vol. 24, 2012, 556-578
  • ‘Legitimacy and Disagreement: A Reply to Sleat’, Political Theory, Vol. 40, 2012 657-662
  • ‘Citizenship and Justice’, Politics, Philosophy, and Economics, Vol. 10, 2011, 263 - 281. Reprinted in R. Bellamy and M. Kennedy-Macfoy (eds), Citizenship, Vol. I. What is Citizenship? Classical and Contemporary Debates (London: Routledge, 2014)
  • ‘Putting Story-Reading to Bed: A Response to Segall’, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Vol. 14, 2011, 81-88
  • ‘Integration, Cohesion and National Identity: Theoretical Reflections on Recent British Policy’, British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 40, 2010, 857-874.
  • ‘Rawlsian Theory and the Circumstances of Politics’, Political Theory, Vol. 38, 2010, 658-683
  • ‘Justice, Holism, and Principles’, Res Publica, Vol. 15, 2009, 179-194
  • 'Environmental Obligations and the Limits of Transnational Citizenship', Political Studies, Vol. 57, 2009, 280-298. Reprinted in R. Bellamy and A. Palumbo (eds), Citizenship (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2010); and in R. Bellamy and M. Kennedy-Macfoy (eds), Citizenship, Vol III. How to Be a Citizen: Civic Rights, Duties, and Virtues in Old and New Politics (London: Routledge, 2014)
  • 'Public Justifiability, Deliberation, and Civic Virtue', Social Theory and Practice, Vol. 33, 2007, 679-700
  • 'Equality of Opportunity and Differences in Social Circumstances', The Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 54, 2004, 368-388
  • 'Just Constraints', British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 34, 2004, 251-268
  • ‘Communitarians Need an Account of Social Justice’, The Responsive Community, Vol. 13, 2003, 93-95
  • 'Equality of Opportunity, Old and New', Ethics, Vol. 111, 2001, 760-781
  • 'Egalitarianism and the Levelling Down Objection', Analysis, Vol. 61, 2001, 246-254
  • 'Equality, Personal Responsibility, and Gender Socialisation', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Vol. 100, 2000, 227-246
  • 'Political Community, Liberal-Nationalism, and the Ethics of Assimilation', Ethics, Vol. 109, 1999, 261-286
  • 'Imposing Liberal Principles', Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, Vol. 1, 1998, 98-116. Also in Richard Bellamy and Martin Hollis (eds.) Pluralism and Liberal Neutrality (Frank Cass, 1999). Reprinted in G. W. Smith (ed.) Liberalism: Critical Concepts in Political Science, Vol. IV, The Limits of Liberalism (Routledge, 2002).
  • 'Special Obligations to Compatriots', Ethics, Vol. 107, 1997, 427-447
  • 'Justice, Contestability and Conceptions of the Good', Utilitas, Vol. 8, 1996, 295-305
  • 'Workers' Unfreedom and Women's Unfreedom: Are They Analogous?', Political Studies, Vol. 44, 1996, 75-87
  • 'The State, National Identity and Distributive Justice', Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 21, 1995, 241-254
  • 'Liberalism and the Value of Community', Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 23, 1993, 215-240
  • 'Community and Autonomy: Logically Incompatible Values?', Analysis, Vol. 51, 1991, 160-166
  • 'Politics and the State', Political Studies, Vol. 38, 1990, 575-587
  • 'Autonomy, Liberalism, and State Neutrality', The Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 40, 1990, 433-452
  • 'Gilligan's Conception of Moral Maturity', Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, Vol. 20, 1990, 167-179
  • 'On Explaining Political Disagreement: the Notion of an Essentially Contested Concept', Inquiry, Vol. 33, 1990, 81-98
  • ‘Nozick on Self-Esteem', Journal of Applied Philosophy, Vol. 7, 1990, 91-98
  • 'The Reconstruction of Political Concepts', International Journal of Moral and Social Studies, Vol. 4, 1989, 245-258
  • 'Locke on Disagreement over the Use of Moral and Political Terms', The Locke Newsletter, No. 20, 1989, 63-75

Chapters in books

  • 'Equality of Opportunity, Appearance Discrimination, and Reaction Qualifications', in M. Sardoc (ed), Handbook of Equality of Opportunity (Springer, 2023)
  • ‘Justice, Respect, and Treating People as Equals’, in C. Fourie, F. Schuppert and I. Wallimann-Helmer (eds.), Social Equality: On What It Means to be Equals (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), 129-145
  • 'Modern versus Diverse Citizenship: Historical and Ideal Theory Perspectives', in J. Tully, On Global Citizenship. James Tully in Dialogue (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014), 229-246
  • ‘Citizens, Resident Aliens and the Good of Equal Membership’, in L. Beckman and E. Urman (eds), The Territories of Citizenship (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)
  • 'Multiculturalism and the Critique of Essentialism', in A. Laden and D. Owen (eds), Multiculturalism and Political Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 221-243
  • 'Meritocracy, Desert and the Moral Force of Intuitions', in A. De-Shalit and D. Bell (eds), Forms of Justice (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003), 51-68
  • 'City Life and Community: Complementary or Incompatible Ideals?', in C. McKinnon and D. Castiglione (eds), The Culture of Toleration in Diverse Societies (Manchester University Press, 2003), 132-146
  • 'Communitarianism and Its Legacy', in N. O'Sullivan (ed.), Political Theory in Transition (London: Routledge, 2000), 19-32
  • (co-authored with N. J. Wheeler) 'Realist Objections to Humanitarian Intervention', in B. Holden (ed.), The Ethical Dimensions of Global Change (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996), 94-110
  • 'Two Concepts of Community', in N. Snow (ed.), In the Company of Others (Rowman and Littlefield, 1996), 3-16
  • 'MacIntyre on Modernity and How It Has Marginalized the Virtues', in R. Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), 191-209
  • 'MacIntyre on Liberalism and its Critics: Tradition, Incommensurability and Disagreement', in S. Mendus and J. Horton (eds), After MacIntyre (Cambride: Polity, 1994), 225-244
  • 'Personal Autonomy and Identification with a Community', in D. Milligan and W. Miller (eds), Liberalism: Citizenship and Autonomy (Aldershot: Avebury, 1992), 171-186

Encyclopedia entries

  • Entry on ‘Assimilation’ in G. Kurian et al (eds), International Encyclopedia of Political Science (Sage, 2010).
  • Entry on ‘Equality of Opportunity’ in M. Bevir (ed.), Encyclopedia of Political Theory (CQ Press, 2010)
  • Entry on ‘Solidarity’, in E. Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Routledge, 1998)