8A Joint University of Warwick, Baruch College, CUNY and Monash South Africa
Goffman, Brown and Levinson believe the concept of face is universal. â€˜Given the diverse cultural resources, forms of practices, and meaning systems, the universal concern with face can take on various local significations depending on the particular cultural setting in which it is enacted.â€™ (Chen, p.110)
The face theory introduces the 'self' in a very frustrating situation of violence at home where we look at a husband who is abusive towards his wife. There is a face-to face interaction and physical altercations which prove there is no way to maintain positive face or 'Mien tze'. Although the Face theory suggests that we should not study the psychology of the interaction, rather the relations, one can argue that psychological and sociological factors influence the setting of violence â€“ the husband is under the influence of drugs or alcohol and the wife's arguments of financial dependence aggravate the situation.
This paper is to develop a research on domestic violence as a cultural phenomenon. It is to be done through the ethnographic communication theory, face-work theory and politeness theory. Basic studies of domestic violence neither give an actual explanation of why abuse exists, nor do they explain why women remain in the abusive relationship. Often, it is perceived that domestic abuse occurs in places that lack educational and proper law systems. Yet we find cases of murders and abuse in corporate America and Europe. This leads to the conclusion that domestic violence is a cultural issue.
8B University of Warwick and University of Tennessee
8C University of Warwick and University of North Carolina, Greensboro
There is an international drive to rapidly eliminate a number of neglected tropical diseases in poor populations. Yaws is such a disease, infecting only 2.5 million people, but causing them considerable pain and discomfort. This poorly understood disease mainly affects young children, with an incubation period of between 9 and 90 days. There is currently no published transmission model for Yaws and this impedes the design of effective control policies. The project will develop transmission and household models, using a vast array of mathematical tools, which will be analysed to see how the assumptions in the model lead to the observed dynamics.
The questions we seek to answer are what is the impact of earlier diagnosis? How does this compare with mass drug administration? And, how fast could we eradicate the disease? The study will allow us to add to the evidence supporting decisions about the best use of resources in tackling Yaws and under what condition the eradication target of 2020 set by the World Health Organization (WHO) is achievable.
The results of the project tell us that the WHO’s target is unrealistic and an adapted strategy is needed if eradication by 2020 is to be achievable and cost effective. The data and models also suggest that schools should be the targeted location for treatment. However we realize that our model has limitations and the disease displays complex endemic and epidemic characteristics which are not fully captured by the model.