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ES94Y - Health, Safety and Environmental Considerations

BTS Champion: Dr Donald Lamont, Managing Director, Hyperbaric and Tunnel Safety

(15 Credits)

Aims : 

Practicing engineers have a legal and moral responsibility to ensure the health and safety of their colleagues, workforce and the general public as well as observing environmental laws and best practice. This module outlines the legal framework, discusses strategies for managing risk and H&S and identifies the key hazards in tunnelling and underground works.

Learning Outcomes: At completion, students will be able to:

  • Evaluate potential hazards met in the construction and operation of underground spaces and apply sound management strategies to their mitigation.
  • Understand the legislation pertaining to health & safety and the environment as applied to construction works associated with underground projects.
Syllabus: Overview:
  • The body of legislation, guidance and standards with which designers and particularly contractors must comply
  • Health and Safety Considerations at Concept Planning Stage for different tunnel types / uses
  • Reducing / eliminating Hazards to Health, Safety and the Environment by good planning and design
  • Identification of hazards in tunnel construction and operation, technical knowledge of the hazard, followed by strategies to mitigate these hazards by good design practice
  • Occupational health risk during construction and its mitigation
  • Requirements, tunnel layout and services for road, rail and utility tunnels
  • Hazard types and safety measures (e.g. Fire, Ventilation, Transport, Machines, etc.)
  • Risk assessment processes for design, construction, operation and decommissioning
  • Best practice in risk assessment, control and management
  • Modern approach to the improvement of safety standards (including Behavioural Based Safety) Safety by design, CDM and risk assessment
  • Issues related to working in compressed air
  • HAV considerations linked to limitations on the use of hand mining
  • Working in confined spaces
  • BS6164. Emergency procedures / plannning related to tunnel operations (Tunnel Operators Forum). Tunnel skills and Safety Passport. HSE Guidance on tunnel diameters and length
  • Environmental management on a tunnelling site - noise, dust, vibration, emissions, odours, traffic and other nuisances, waste management, waste water management, ecology and archaeology
  • Sustainability

Illustrative Bibliography:

CIRIA (2010). Environmental good practice on site. CIRIA Report C692. London: CIRIA.

Guidelines for good occupational health and safety practice in tunnel construction, International tunnelling Association report No.001, 44pp, 2008 (ISBN 978-2-9700624-0-0).

BS 6164:2001 Code of practice for safety in tunnelling in the construction industry BSI, London.

Chris March, Operations Management, Spon Press, pp.210, 2009 (ISBN 0415371120).


15 CATS module: Test (20%), Exam (80%)