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Tier 4 Visa Rejections and Refusals

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Have you got your tier 4 visa refused or rejected?

The information on this page is relevant to students who have received a Tier 4 visa rejection or refusal.

If you have received a visa refusal for a short term study visa, then please see the relevant text on the short term student visa webpage.

There is a significant difference between an application which has been rejected and one which has been refused.

A refused application is a valid application which has been assessed by a casework, but does not meet the Tier 4 requirements.

In this instance you will receive a refusal notice explaining why your application was refused; in other words which requirement was not satisfied.

Frequently asked questions - Refused application

Please click on the relevant section below to expand the guidance.
  • There are a number of reasons why your visa may be refused; some of the most common reasons are:

    • Financial evidence is incomplete, or the format of the financial documents provided does not meet UKVI requirements
    • There are insufficient funds or the funds evidenced are from a source not acceptable to the UKVI
    • The Home Office believe that the applicant has used deception
  • This will be dependent on a number of factors. Please get in touch with an immigration adviser for advice on your specific situation.

  • You will not receive a refund for your visa application fee, but you will be refunded for any payments that you have made towards the immigration health surcharge.

    • Refunds are normally issued within the service standard time, for example, UK standard application service = 8 weeks
    • Refunds are always issued back to the card that was used for the original payment
    • In some cases, refunds can fail especially if using an overseas card.
    • If you have not received your refund within the service standard advertised for your application type, please contact us and ensure you provide your:
      • Application reference number
      • Payment reference number
      • Passport number
  • You must complete a Visa Refusal Form telling us of your refusal, please ensure that you upload the refusal notice so we can advise you on what to do next. We may also ask you to come and meet with an international student adviser.

    If you feel that the caseworker has made an error with the decision, then you may be eligible to apply for an administrative review of your application.

  • If the visa refusal comes after your previous visa has already expired the Home Office may retain your passport to ensure that you leave the UK. If you find yourself in this unfortunate situation please make an appointment to see an adviser as soon as possible. We will assist you with arrangements and ensure that you know what your obligations and options are.

  • You must complete a Visa Refusal Form telling us of your refusal, please ensure that you upload the refusal notice so we can advise you on what to do next. We will be in touch with you by e-mail within 3 working days.

    If you feel that the entry clearance officer has made an error when assessing your application, you may be able to submit an administrative review from overseas; if you are in a position to request an administrative review we would strongly encourage you to do so.If the decision is overturned, you will not have a refusal on your immigration record.

    Any refusals must be declared and explained on all future visa applications for the UK and often for visa applications for other countries.

    If, however, your refusal was a correct decision, then you should pay detailed attention to the refusal notice given to you which will tell you the reason(s) for refusal.

    If you are in a position to submit a new application with correct documentation then you should go ahead with this if you will be able to obtain your visa in time to travel to the UK. You will need a new CAS in order to make this application as your previous one will be 'used' and therefore no longer valid.Please refer to our flow chart (PDF Document) for details on the process of obtaining a new CAS.

    Please note, it will often be necessary to obtain new financial documents to comply with the strict time-frames as the documents submitted with the original timeframe may be too old to use with a second application.

    If there is any flexibility in your course start date your CAS will detail your 'latest start date' which is the latest date you should arrive at the University to start your course.As long as your fresh visa application can be processed in time for you to travel to the UK for this date then you can go ahead with this. In some cases, such as research degrees, it may be possible to negotiate a later start date and you should contact admissions to discuss this.

Please note that the Immigration Service does not have any influence over the Home Office refusal decisions nor do we have any special contacts at Embassies to overturn or rush applications through.
However, if you have received a refusal which is clearly in error and you have a named Entry Clearance Officer and their contact details please forward these to us along with your refusal notice.

Frequently asked questions - Rejected application, also referred as an "invalid" application

Please click on the relevant section below to expand the guidance.
  • To make a valid application, you must meet all of the criteria below:

    • Use the correct form with all mandatory sections completed
    • Pay the correct application fee
    • Pay the correct IHS fee
    • Include copies of all requested documents in the UKVI Document Checklist
    • Include a BRP (Biometric Residence Permit) where one has been issued - cards are only currently issued when the visa application is made in the UK
    • Attend a booked appointment in the UK and other countries where biometrics are captured to
      • Submit your biometric data
      • To have your mandatory documents validated

    Where an application is deemed invalid, it will be returned unprocessed.It will be as if a visa application had never been made and, if your visa has already expired by the time the application is rejected, it will have serious implications for your immigration status and record.

  • You should submit a Meet An Adviser Request for specific advice on your options. You should be aware that you may not be able to remain in the UK to submit a new application.

  • The immigration implications are not as serious. However, a delay to obtaining an appropriate visa to start a new course or return to your current course could have a significant impact on whether you are permitted to resume your studies or start your new course.If you do not act quickly you may need to defer or temporarily withdraw in order to meet Warwick's strict attendance requirements in compliance with the UK Visas & Immigration (Home Office) rules.

    You will need to resubmit your application as quickly as you can, ensuring that your CAS is still valid and that any financial documents meet the strict date requirements for your new application date.

  • The application fee will be refunded if paid by credit/debit card

    • Refunds are normally issued within the service standard time, for example, UK Standard Application Service = 8 weeks
    • Refunds are always issued back to the card that was used
    • In some cases, international refunds can fail. If you have not received your refund within the service standard advertised for your application type, please contact us and ensure you provide your:
      • Application reference number
      • Payment reference number
      • Passport number