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Finite Element Method

  • Basis FunctionTypical domain is $D=(0,1).$
  • Let $h$ be the grid size.
  • Let $\phi_i$ be basis functions on the grid.
  • $V_h$ space of piecewise linear polynomials.
  • Use a Galerkin projection onto the space.

In terms of the Finite Element space equation (1) takes the following form,

${A(u_h(y),v_h)=l(v_h), \forall v_h \in V_h.$

If we furthermore express $u_h(y)$ as a linear combination of our basis functions we obtain,

$(u_h(y))(x)=\sum^N_{i=1}U_{i}(y)\phi_{i}(x), U_i(y)\in \mathbb{R} ,$

we rewrite the above equation as,

$\sum_{i=1}^{N_h}A(\phi_i,\phi_j)U_i(y)&=l(\phi_j), \text{ for } j=1,\ldots,N. \quad (2)$