"Research for Super-difficult Circumstances: Where to Start and How to Go On"
Video recording and PowerPoint slides (as pdf).
References and links (in order of mention) are below:
- IATEFL Research SIG
- Mark A. Clarke . (1994). 'The dysfunctions of the theory/practice discourse'. TESOL Quarterly 28(1).
- Michael West - Life, Career, Archive, Extracts (Warwick ELT Archive)
1. Contextualized TESOL Research
- Directory of UK ELT Research
- Survey of ELT Research in India
- Amol Padwad. (2020). Review of 'Innovations in English Language Teaching in India: Trends in Language Pedagogy and Technology' ELT Journal 74(4): 515–516.
H.G. Widdowson. (2000). ‘On the Limitations of Linguistics Applied’. Applied Linguistics, 21(1): 3–25.
Robert Phillipson (1992). Linguistic Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Alastair Pennycook (1994). The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language. Harlow: Longman.
- Alastair Pennycook (1998). English and the Discourses of Colonialism. London: Routledge.
- Kumaravadivelu, B. (2006). 'Postmethod pedagogy'. Chapter 9 in Understanding Language Teaching: from Method to Postmethod. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Cochran-Smith, M. & Lytle, S.L. (1993). Inside/Outside: Teacher Research and Knowledge. New York: Teachers College Press.
2. Difficult and Super-difficult circumstances
- Michael West (1960) Teaching English in Difficult Circumstances. Published by Longmans (1960). Extracts here.
- Jason Anderson, Amol Padwad & Richard Smith. (In press.) Entry for ‘Language Teaching in Difficult Circumstances’. In Coombe, C. & Mohebbi, H. (eds.) Research Questions in Language Education: A Reference Guide for Teachers. Springer.
- Richard Smith (2011). 'Teaching English in difficult circumstances: A new research agenda'. In Pattison, T. (ed.) IATEFL 2010 Harrogate Conference Selections. Canterbury: IATEFL. Pre-publication version here. Associated talk here
- Smith, R. 2015. 'Teaching English in difficult circumstances: a conversation'. NELTA ELT Forum (July 2015). [The entire issue is devoted to 'Teaching English in difficult circumstances'].
- TELCnet: Teaching English in Large Classes research and development network. Join here: https://www.facebook.com/groups/telcgroup/
- Prem Phyak (2015). 'From ‘schooled pedagogy’ to ‘pedagogy of disaster’: The role of EFL teachers in the super-difficult circumstance of post-disaster Nepal'. ELT Choutari (July 2015). [The entire issue is devoted to 'EFL Teachers in super-difficult circumstance'].
3. Some ways forward for (contextualized) TESOL research
a. Identifying, understanding and sharing successful practice (an ‘enhancement approach’)
- Richard Smith (2008). 'Taking the bull by its horns: Zakia Sarwar's pro-autonomy approach to large classes in Pakistan (Part I)'. Independence 44: 7-13. Pdf
Kuchah, K. and Smith, R. (2011). ‘Pedagogy of autonomy for difficult circumstances: From practice to principles’. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching 5/2: 119-139.
Smith, R., Kuchah, K. and Lamb, M. (2018).'Learner autonomy in developing countries'. In Chik, A., Aoki, N. and Smith, R. (eds). Autonomy in Language Learning and Teaching: New Research Agendas. London: Palgrave Pivot.
Quotes from Michael West: https://warwick.ac.uk/elt_archive/halloffame/west/extracts/
Smith, R., Padwad, A. and Bullock, D. (2017). Teaching in Low-resource Classrooms: Voices of Experience. London: British Council. Associated video
- Crisis-ELT website
- Teaching Children in a Post-Earthquake Situation: Chetan Kumar Timilsena's Experience
(adapted by Richard Smith (n.d.), with the author's permission)
b. TA-research and teacher-research for difficult circumstances
- Smith, R. and Kuchah, K. 2016. 'Researching teacher associations'. ELT Journal 70/2: 212-221.
- CAMELTA (Cameroon English Language and Literature Teachers Association) - Teacher Association Research questions and responses to survey
- Sarkar, B.C., Hedges, C. Griffiths, M., Mathew, R. & Biswas, S.K. (eds) (2017) Teachers’ Voices: Capturing the Dynamics of Change. Dhaka: English in Action.
- Richard Smith & Paula Rebolledo (2018) A Handbook for Exploratory Action Research London: British Council.
- Paula Rebolledo, Richard Smith & Deborah Bullock (eds) (2016). Champion Teachers: Stories of Exploratory Action Research London: British Council.
- J.S. Negi (ed.) (2019) Exploring for Action, Acting for Change: Stories of Exploratory Action Research in Nepal. Melauli: Support Society Nepal.
Richard Smith (2020) Mentoring Teachers to Research Their Classrooms: A Practical Handbook. New Delhi: British Council. Associated video interviews with mentors.
Teachers can join this TESOL Electronic Village Online set of five sessions as an introduction to Exploratory Action Research (starting in January 2021). Teachers interested in teacher-research can also join this Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/teachersresearch/
c. Enhancement mentoring for teacher-research
[I didn't have time to cover this recent initiative - but you are welcome to sign up to a presentation about it in January: details here]
Responses to questions