In March 2015 the Competitions & Markets Authority (successor to the Office for Fair Trading) produced compliance advice following a call from the OFT for information on the Higher Education sector in England. The CMA advised that consumer protection law applies to the relationship between HE providers and prospective and current undergraduate students. The CMA advises that their advice may also be relevant to HE providers of other types of courses and other students where consumer protection legislation applies, thus widening the relevance from UG to PGT, PGR, Professional Qualifications and Diploma and Certificate levels of study.
The CMA advice focuses on compliance with the following consumer protection legislation:
Since the publication of the CMA guidance, the Consumer Rights Act has also come into force (wef 1 October 2015) which has consolidated fragmented consumer protection legislation, including the 1999 legislation referred to in (c).
The CMA guidance comprises three areas:
(a) Information provision: the need to provide up front, clear, accurate, comprehensive, unambiguous and timely information to prospective and current students. A prevailing theme of the legislation is that consumers/applicants are able to make informed choices i.e. before they accept an offer of a place they have a reasonable degree of certainty regarding the nature and extent of the academic (or other) service the University will provide and the cost they will incur.
(b) Terms and conditions: the need for terms and conditions that apply to students to be fair and balanced, and ensuring that HE providers do not rely on terms that are to the students’ detriment.
(c) Complaint handling processes and practices: The need to ensure that complaints handling processes and practices are accessible, clear and fair to students.
The CMA expects all HEIs to consider this guidance, review relevant practices, policies, rules and regulations to ensure that they comply with consumer protection law, or make necessary changes to ensure compliance. In addition, HE providers are expected to put mechanisms in place to ensure that all faculties and departments are complying with the guidance, make all necessary information available to all staff, and ensure that it is understood and followed. Non-compliance with consumer protection law could result in enforcement action by the CMA, or local authority Trading Standards, or by students individually or collectively. Such enforcement action could mean civil proceedings or criminal prosecutions against certain breaches, as appropriate.
The University has established this website which it is using as a means of briefing all staff on key information and bespoke advice and guidance for particular circumstances.