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NB Please visit the Bibliography Talis Aspire, which includes many e-versions of articles and book chapters.

Race in Antiquity, Critical Race Theory

  • Apple, M. (2004) Ideology and Curriculum (3rd ed.). Abingdon and New York.
  • Appiah, K.A. (2016) ‘There is no such thing as western civilization’, in The Guardian:
  • *Bernal, M. (1987) Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, i: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985, New Brunswick, NJ
  • --- (1991) Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, ii: The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence, London
  • --- (2001) Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to his Critics, ed. David Chioni Moore, Durham, NC
  • Daniels, M. (2017) ‘Black Athena, 30 Years On: Why Bernal Still Matters to Classics’, in Eidolon:
  • Eddo Lodge, R. (2017) Why I no longer talk to white people about race, London
  • *Gruen, E. S. (2010) Rethinking the Other in Antiquity, Princeton [e-book]
  • Haley, S. P. (1993) 'Black Feminist Thought and Classics: Re-membering, re-claiming, re-empowering', in Rabinowitz, N.S. and Richlin, A. (eds.) Feminist Theory and the Classics, New York and London, 23-43.
  • *Haley, S. P. (2009) ‘Be Not Afraid of the Dark: Critical Race Theory and Classical Studies', in L. Nasrallah and E. Schüssler Fiorenza (eds.) Prejudice and Christian Beginnings: Investigating Race, Gender and Ethnicity in Early Christian Studies, Minneapolis, MN, 27-49.
  • Hall, J. (1997) Ethnic Idenity in Greek Antiquity, Cambridge [e-book]
  • Isaac, B.J. (2004) The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity, Princeton [e-book] Introduction 1-52 + Chapter 7 ‘Egyptians’ 352-370; note that there is no chapter on ‘blacks’ or ‘Africans’, see reviews: Dee, J.H. on BMCR; Lefkowitz, M. in The American Historical Review 110.1 (2005) 198-9; *Lambert, M. in The Classical Review 55.2 (2005) 658-62; *Richter, D. in Classical Philology 101.3 (2006) 287-90, Millar, F. in The International History Review 27.1 (2005) 85-9; Bridges in JHS 125 (2005) 180-1, *McCoskey 2006.
  • Isaac, B. (2009) ‘Racism: A Rationalization of Prejudice in Greece and Rome’, in Eliav-Feldon, M., Isaac, B. and Ziegler, J. (eds.) The Origins of Racism in the West, Cambridge and New York, 32-56.
  • McCoskey, D. E. (2006) ‘Naming the Fault in Question: Theorizing Racism among the Greeks and Romans’, IJCT 13.2, 243-67.
  • *--- (2012) Race: Antiquity and its Legacy, London and New York
  • **Morrison, T. (1989) ‘Unspeakable Things Unspoken: The Afro-American Presence in American Literature’, Michigan Quarterly Review 28, 1-34; online at
  • *Orrells, D., Bhambra, G.K. and Roynon, T. (eds.) (2011) African Athena: New Agendas, Oxford. [e-book]
  • **Rollock, N. and Gillborn, D. (2011) Critical Race Theory (CRT), British Educational Research Association online resource. Available online at
  • Rollock, N. (2016) ‘Letter to my Unborn Daughter, My career in the academy – reasons for my mental breakdown’, in G. Ladson-Billings & W. Tate (Eds) Covenant Keeper: Derrick Bell’s Enduring Education Legacy, New York: Peter Lang. Available online at
  • Snowden, F.M. (1970) Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Graeco-Roman Experience, Cambridge Mass [e-book] see reviews by E. L. Jones (1971) in The Black Scholar 2.6, 56-9.
  • --- (1983) Before Colour Prejudice: The Ancient View of Blacks, Cambridge Mass.
  • * Umachandran, M. (2017) ‘Fragile, Handle with Care: on White Classicists’, in Eidolon:


  • Burgess, J. S. (2004) ‘Early Images of Achilles and Memnon?’ Quaderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica n.s. 76.1, 33-51.
  • Davies, Malcolm. 2016. The Aethiopis: Neo-Neoanalysis Reanalyzed. Hellenic Studies Series 71. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies.
  • Drews, R. (1969) ‘Aethiopian Memnon: African or Asiatic?’ in Rh. Mus. 112, 191
  • Du Bois, W. E. B. (1947) ‘The Land of the Burnt Faces’ in The World and Africa, Oxford, 74-94.
  • Griffith, R. D. (1998) ‘The Origin of Memnon’, Classical Antiquity 17.2, 212-34.
  • *Gruen, E. S. (2010) Rethinking the Other in Antiquity, Princeton [e-book], chapter 8
  • Keita, M. (2011) ‘Believing in Ethiopians’, in Orrells, D., Bhambra, G. K., Roynon, T. (eds.) (2011) African Athena: New Agendas, Oxford [e-book]
  • McCoskey, D. E. (2012) Race: Antiquity and its Legacy, London and New York.
  • McGrath, E. (1992) 'The Black Andromeda', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 55, 1-18.
  • Snowden (1970) Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Graeco-Roman Experience, Cambridge Mass [e-book] Chapter 3 ‘Graeco-Roman Acquaintance with African Ethiopians’
  • West, M. L. ‘Iliad’ and ‘Aethiopis’, The Classical Quarterly n.s. 53.1, 1-14.

Egyptians (Herodotus)

  • Dewald, C. and Marincola, J. (2006) The Cambridge Companion to Herodotus, Cambridge; esp. chapter 19, Rood. T. ‘Herodotus and Foreign Lands’ [e-book]
  • Harrison, T. (2016) ‘Upside Down and Back to Front: Herodotus and the Greek Encounter with Egypt’, in Matthews, R. and Roemer, C. (eds.) Ancient Perspectives on Egypt, London, 203-17 [e-book]
  • *Hartog, F. (1988) The Mirror of Herodotus: The Representation of the Other in the Writing of History, Berkeley [e-book]
  • Hornblower, S. (1983) ‘Cyrene, Africa and Egypt in the fifth century’ in S. Hornblower The Greek World: 479-323 BC, Abingdon and New York, Chapter 5 ‘Kyrene and Egypt’ 57-65
  • Irwin, E. (2014) ‘Ethnography and Empire: Homer and the Hippocratics in Herodotus’ Ethiopian Logos, 3.17-26’ Histos 8, 25-75. Accessible here:
  • Moyer, I. S. (2002) ‘Herodotus and an Egyptian Mirage: The Genealogies of the Theban Priests’, JHS 122, 70-90 [e-journal]
  • Munson, R. (2001) Telling Wonders: Ethnographic and Political Discourse in the Work of Herodotus, Michigan [accessible here:]
  • Pelling, C. B. R. (1997) ‘East is East and West is West – Or Are They? National Stereotypes in Herodotus’, Histos 1, accessible here:
  • *Vasunia, P. (2001) The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander, Berkeley and London, Chapters 2-3

Homer Odyssey 4

  • Doyle, A. (2010) ‘“Unhappily Ever After? The Problem of Helen in Odyssey 4’, in Akroterion 55, 1-18. Accessible here:
  • Griffith, R. D. (1996) ‘Homer’s Black Earth and the Land of Egypt’ in Athenaeum 84.1, 251-4.
  • --- (2001) ‘Sailing to Elysium: Menelaus’ Afterlife (“Odyssey” 4.561-69) and Egyptian Religion’, Phoenix 55.3/4, 213-43 [e-journal]
  • Heubeck, A., West, S. and Hainsworth, J. B. (1988-1992) A Commentary on Homer’s Odyssey, Oxford.
  • Londsdale, S. H. (1988) ‘Protean Forms and Disguise in Odyssey 4’, Lexis 2, 165-78 [not in Warwick]
  • Plass, P. (1969) ‘Menelaus and Proteus’ CJ 65.3, 104-8 [e-journal]

Euripides Helen

  • Allan, W. (2008) Euripides: Helen, Cambridge [for library to purchase]
  • Bassi, K. (1993) 'Helen and the Discourse of Denial in Stesichorus' Palinode', Arethusa 26, 51-75.
  • *Marshall, C. W. (2014) The Structure and Performance of Euripides' Helen, Cambridge [e-book]
  • Porter, J. I. (1993) 'The Seductions of Gorgias' Classical Antiquity 12, 267-99.
  • *Segal, C. (1971) ‘The Two Worlds of Euripides’ Helen’ TAPA 102, 553-614 [e-journal]
  • Swift, L. A. (2009) ‘How to Make a Goddess Angry: Making Sense of the Demeter Ode in Euripides’ Helen’ CPh 104.4, 418-38 [e-journal]
  • *Vasunia, P. (2001) The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander, Berkeley and London, Chapter 1, 33-64.

The Other in Greek Tragedy – Aeschylus Suppliant Women

  • Auffarth, C. (1995) ‘Constructing the Identity of the Polis: The Danaides as ‘Ancestors’”, in Hägg, R. (ed.) Ancient Greek Hero Cult, Stockholm, 39-48.
  • Bachvarova, M. R. (2009) ‘Suppliant Danaids and Argive Nymphs in Aeschylus’ in CJ 104.4, 289-310 [e-journal]
  • Bakewell, G. W. (1997) ‘Μετοικία in the Supplices of Aeschylus’, ClAnt 15, 209-28 [e-journal]
  • *--- (2013) Aeschylus’ Suppliant Women: The Tragedy of Immigration, Madison [e-book]
  • Bednarowski, P. (2010) ‘The Danaids’ Threat: Obscurity, Suspence, and the Shedding of Tradition in Aeschylus’ Suppliants’, CJ 105, 193-212 [e-journal]
  • Bowen, A. J. (2013) Aeschylus Suppliant Women, Oxford.
  • *Brill, S. (2009) ‘Violence and Vulnerability in Aeschylus’ Suppliants’, in Wians, W. (ed.) Logos and Muthos: philosophical essays in Greek literature, Suny Press, 161-80 [e-book]
  • Castriota, D. (2005) ‘Feminizing the Barbarian and Barbarizing the Feminine: Amazons, Trojans, and Persians in the Stoa Poikile’, in Barringer, J. and Hurwit, J. (eds.) Periklean Athens and its Legacy: Problems and Perspectives, Austin, 89-201 [e-book]
  • Garvie, A. F. (1969) Aeschylus’ ‘Supplices’: play and trilogy, London.
  • Hall, E. (1989) Inventing the Barbarian: Greek Self-Definition through Tragedy, Oxford.
  • Loraux, N. (1987) Tragic Ways of Killing a Woman, transl. A. Forster, Harvard [in library].
  • Mitchell, L. G. (2006) ‘Greeks, Barbarians and Aschylus’ “Suppliants”, G&R 53.2, 205-23 [e-journal]
  • Parks, S.-L. (2005) ‘New Black Math’, Theatre Journal 57, 576-83 [e-journal]
  • Saïd, S. (2002) ‘Greeks and Barbarians in Euripides’ Tragedies: The End of Differences?,’ in T. Harrison (ed.) Greeks and Barbarians, Edinburgh, 62-100.
  • Vasunia, P. (2011) The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander, Berkeley.
  • Vidal-Naquet, P. (1997) ‘The Place and Status of Foreigners in Athenian Tragedy’, in Pelling, C. (ed.) Greek Tragedy and the Historian, Oxford and New York, 109-119 [e-book]
  • *Wohl, V. (2010) ‘Suppliant Women and the Democratic State: White Men Saving Brown Women from Brown Men’, in Bassi, K. and Euben, J. P. (eds.) When Worlds Collide: Classics, Politics, and Culture, Tucson [e-book].
  • Zeitlin, F. (1990) ‘Thebes: Theater of Self and Society in Athenian Drama’, in Winkler, J. and Zeitlin, F. (eds.) Nothing to Do with Dionysos?, Princeton, 130-67.
  • --- (1992) ‘The Politics of Eros in the Danaid Trilogy of Aeschylus’, in Hexter, R. and Selden, D. (eds.) Innovations of Antiquity, New York, 203-52.

Pindar Pythian 4

  • Calame, C.(2014), ‘Narrative Semantics and Pragmatics: The Poetic Creation of Cyrene’, in Edmunds, L. (ed.), Approaches to Greek Myth. 2nd edn. Baltimore MA, 280-352 [Note: the chapter is also included in the first edition of the volume]
  • Cawkwell, G. (2011), Cyrene to Chaeronea: Selected Essays on Ancient Greek History. Oxford: Chapter 1, ‘Early Colonisation’ (= Classical Quarterly 42 (1992) 289-303 [e-journal])
  • Dougherty, C. (1993), The Poetics of Colonization: From City to Text in Archaic Greece. New York: Chapter 1, ‘Laying the Foundations: Narrative and Cult’, and Chapter 6, ‘Pythian 5: Colonial Founders and Athletic Victors’ [available as e-book]
  • Felson, N. (1999), ‘Vicarious Transport: Fictive Deixis in Pindar’s Pythian Four’, HSCPh 99: 1-31 [e-journal].
  • Hornblower, S. and Morgan, C. (2007), ‘Introduction’, in Horblower, S. and Morgan, C. (eds.), Pindar’s Poetry, Patrons, and Festivals: From Archaic Greece to the Roman Empire. Oxford, 1-43 [have a look at the first map].
  • Hornblower, S. (2011), The Greek World: 479-323 BC. 4th edn. London: Chapter 5, ‘Kyrene and Egypt’ [Note: the chapter is also included in previous editions of the book]
  • Johnston, S. I. (1995) ‘The Song of the Iynx: Magic and Rhetoric in Pythian 4’, TAPA 125, 177-206 [e-journal]
  • Malkin, I. (2003), ‘Tradition in Herodotus: The Foundation of Cyrene’, in Derow, P. and Parker, R. (eds), Herodotus and His World. Oxford, 153-70.
  • *Malkin, I. (2004), ‘Postcolonial Concepts and Ancient Greek Colonization’, Modern Language Quarterly 65.3: 341-64 [e-journal].
  • Nicholson, N. (2000), ‘Polysemy and Ideology in Pindar Pythian 4.229-300’, Phoenix 54.3/4: 191-202.
  • *O’Higgins, D. (1997) ‘Medea as Muse: Pindar’s Pythian 4’, in Clauss, J. J. and Johnston, S. I. (eds.) Medea: Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosophy, and Art, Princeton, pp.103-26.
  • Osborne, R. (1996), Greece in the Making. 1200-479 BC. London: Chapter 1, ‘The Traditions of History’, pp.8-16.
  • *Osborne, R. (1998), ‘Early Greek Colonization? The Nature of Greek Settlement in the West’, in Fisher, N. R. E. and van Wees, H. (eds), Archaic Greece: New Approaches. London, 144-52.
  • Robbins, E. (1997) ‘Pindar’, in Gerber, D. E. (ed.), A Companion to the Greek Lyric Poets. Leiden, 252-77.
  • Sigelman, A. C. (2016) Pindar’s Poetics of Immortality, Cambridge, Chapter 4 [e-book]

Libya and the birth of Latin Literature

  • Biggs, T. (2017) ‘Primus Romanorum: Origin Stories, Fictions of Primacy, and the First Punic War,’ CP 112.3, 350-67.
  • *Feeney, D. (2016) Beyond Greek: The Beginnings of Latin Literature, Cambridge MA [e-book]
  • *Giusti (2018) Carthage in Virgil’s Aeneid: Staging the Enemy under Augustus, Cambridge, Chapter 1 [e-book]
  • Hoyos, D. (2010) The Carthaginians, London.
  • Kuttner, A. (2013) ‘Representing Hellenistic Numidia, in Africa and at Rome’, in J.R.W. Prag and J.C. Quinn (2013) The Hellenistic West: Rethinking the Ancient Mediterranean, Cambridge and New York, 216-72 [e-book]
  • *Leigh, M. (2010) ‘Early Roman Epic and the Maritime Moment’, CPh 105.3, 265-80 [e-journal]
  • O’Gorman, E. (2004) ‘Cato the Elder and the Destruction of Carthage,’ Helios 31, 99-125.
  • *Quinn, J. (2017) ‘Translating Empire from Carthage to Rome’, CPh 112.3, 312-331 [e-journal]
  • --- (2018) In Search of the Phoenicians, Princeton.

Plautus’ Poenulus

  • De Melo, W. (2012) Plautus The Little Carthaginian – Pseudolus – The Rope, Harvard. [e-book]
  • Franko, G. F. (1996) “The Characterization of Hanno in Plautus’ Poenulus.” in AJPh 117: 425-452 [e-journal]
  • Gratwick, A. S. (1971) “Hanno’s Punic Speech in the Poenulus of Plautus.” in Hermes 99: 25-45 [e-journal]
  • Henderson, J. (1999) “Hanno’s Punic Heirs: Der Poenulus-Neid des Plautus.” In Writing Down Rome. Satire, Comedy, and other Offences in Latin Poetry, Oxford, pp. 3-37 [e-book]
  • Prag, J. R. W. (2006) “Poenus Plane Est – But Who Were the ‘Punickes’?” In Papers of the British School at Rome 74: 1-37. [e-journal]
  • Richlin, A. (2005) Rome and the Mysterious Orient: three Plays by Plautus, Berkeley [e-book]
  • --- (2017) ‘The Traffic in Schtick’ in Loar, M. P., MacDonald, C. and Padilla Peralta, D. (eds.) Rome, Empire of Plunder: the Dynamics of Cultural Appropriation, Cambridge, 169-93 [e-book]
  • Slater, N. W. (1992) ‘Plautine Negotiations: the Poenulus Prologue Unpacked’, in YCS 29, 131-46 [e-journal]
  • Starks, J. H. (2000) ‘Nullus Me Est Hodie Poenus Poenior: Balanced Ethnic Humour in Plautus’ Poenulus,’ Helios 27, 163-86.

Sallust’s Jugurtha

  • Agbamu, S. (2019) 'The Arco dei Fileni: A fascist reading of Sallust's Bellum Iugurthinum', CRJ 11.2, 157-77.
  • Chlup, J. Th. (2013) Sallust’s Melian Dialogue: Sulla and Bocchus in the Bellum Iugurthinum. Dialogues d’Histoire Ancienne 8, 191–207, accessible here:
  • Claassen, J.-M. (1993) ‘Sallust’s Jugurtha: Rebel or Freedom Fighter? On Crossing Crocodile-Infested Waters’, CW 86, 273-97.
  • Dué, C. (2000) ‘Tragic History and Barbarian Speech in Sallust’s Jugurtha’, HSCP 100, 311-25 [e-journal]
  • Green, C.M.C. (1993) 'De Africa et eius incolis: The Function of Geography and Ethnography in Sallust's History of the Jugurthine War (BJ 17-19)', Ancient World 24.2, 185-97.
  • Kraus, C. (1999) ‘Jugurthine Disorder’, in Kraus, C. (ed.) The Limits of Historiography, Leiden, 217-47.
  • Levene, D. S. (1992) ‘Sallust’s Jugurtha: An “Historical Fragment”’, JRS 82, 53-70 [e-journal]
  • Miller, J. (2015) ‘Idealization and Irony in Sallust’s Jugurtha: The Narrator’s Depiction of Rome Before 146 B.C., CQ 65, 242-52 [e-journal]
  • Morstein-Marx, R. (2000) ‘The Alleged “Massacre” at Cirta and its Consequences (Sallust Bellum Iugurthinum 26-27)’, CPh 95, 468-76 [e-journal]
  • *Morstein-Marx, R. (2001) 'The Myth of Numidian Origins in Sallust's African Excursus (Iugurtha 17.7-18.12) in AJPH 122.2, 179-200.
  • Oniga, R. (1995) Sallustio e l'etnografia, Pisa. [not in Warwick]
  • Scanlon, T. F. (1988) ‘Textual Geography in Sallust’s The War with Jugurtha’ Ramus 17, 138-75
  • Shaw, B. (1982) 'Fear and Loathing: the Nomad Menace and Roman Africa', in Wells, C.M. (ed.) L'Afrique Romain / Roman Africa, Ottawa, 106-121.
  • Shaw, B. (1982-3) '"Eaters of Flesh, Drinkers of Milk": the Ancient Mediterranean Ideology of the Pastoral Nomad', Ancient Society 13-14, 5-31.
  • Wiedermann, T. (1993) 'Sallust's 'Jugurtha': Concord, Discord, and Digressions', G&R 40.1, 48-57.
  • Wood, N. (1995) ‘Sallust’s Theorem: A Comment on ‘Fear’ in Western Political Thought,’ History of Politcal Thought 16, 174-89.

Livy’s Hannibal

  • Chlup, J. T. (2009) ‘Maior et clarior victoria: Hannibal and Tarentum in Livy,’ CW 103.1, 17-38 [e-journal]
  • Clauss, J. J (1997b) ‘“Domestici hostes”: the Nausicaa in Medea, the Catiline in Hannibal,’ MD 39, 165-85 [e-journal]
  • Fabrizi, V. (2015) ‘Hannibal’s March and Roman Imperial Space in Livy, Ab urbe condita, Book 21, Philologus 159.1, 118-155.
  • Feldherr, A. (2009) “Delusions of Grandeur: Lucretian ‘Passages’ in Livy.” in Hardie, P. (2009) (ed.) Paradox and the Marvellous in Augustan Literature and Culture, Oxford, 310-329.
  • Levene, D. S. (2010) Livy on the Hannibalic War, Oxford [e-book]
  • Rossi, A. (2004) “Parallel Lives: Hannibal and Scipio in Livy’s Third Decade.” in TAPA 134 n.2: 359-381. [e-journal]

Virgil’s Carthage

  • Barchiesi, A. (1999) “Representations of Suffering and Interpretation in the Aeneid.” In Hardie, P. R. (1999) (ed.) Virgil. Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, London, pp. 324-44
  • Biggs, T. (2017) ‘A Second First Punic War: Re-Spoliation of Republican Naval Monuments in the Urban and Poetic Landscapes of Augustan Rome’, in Loar, M. P., MacDonald, C. and Padilla Peralta, D. (eds.) Rome, Empire of Plunder: the Dynamics of Cultural Appropriation, Cambridge, 47-68 [e-book]
  • Davidson, J. (1998) “Domesticating Dido: History and Historicity.” In Burden, M. (1998) (ed.) A Woman Scorn’d. Responses to the Dido Myth, London, pp. 65-88.
  • Edgeworth, R. J. (1976-77) “The Death of Dido.” In CJ 72: 129-33. [e-journal]
  • Egan, R. B. (1998) ‘The Signs of the Horse’s Head: Aeneid 1.442-5,’ PVS 23, 193-207, available here:
  • *Giusti, E. (2014) ‘Virgil’s Carthaginians at Aen. 1.430-6: Cyclopes in Bees’ Clothing,’ CCJ 60, 37-58 [e-journal]
  • --- (2014) ‘Once More Unto the Breach: Virgil’s Arae and the Treaty of Philinus,’ SIFC 107, 61-79. [e-journal]
  • *--- (2016) ‘My Enemy’s Enemy is my Enemy: Virgil’s illogical use of Metus Hostilis,’ in P. Hardie (ed.) (2016) Augustan Poetry and the Irrational, Oxford, 37-55. [e-book]
  • *--- (2017) ‘Virgil’s Carthage: a Heterotopic Space of Empire,’ forthcoming in M. Asper and V. Rimell (eds.) Imagining Empire: Political Space in Hellenistic and Roman Literature, Heidelberg, 133-50.
  • * --- ( 2018) Carthage in Virgil’s Aeneid: Staging the Enemy under Augustus, Cambridge [e-book]
  • Gladhill, B. (2009) ‘The Poetics of Alliance in Vergil’s Aeneid,’ Dictynna 6, 36-69:
  • *Goldschmidt, N. (2013) Shaggy Crowns: Ennius’ Annales and Virgil’s Aeneid, Oxford, Chapter 4 ‘Punica’ [e-book]
  • --- (2017) ‘Textual Monuments: Reconstructing Carthage in Augustan Literary Culture,’ CP 112, 368-83 [e-journal]
  • * Harrison, E.L. (1984). (1972-73) ‘Why did Venus wear boots? – Some reflections on Aeneid 1.314f.,’ PVS 12, 10-25:
  • *--- (1984) “The Aeneid and Carthage.” In Woodman, T. – West, D. (1984) (eds.) Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus, Cambridge, pp. 95-115.
  • Hardie, P.R. (1990) “Ovid’s Theban History: the first Anti-Aeneid?” in CQ 40:224-235. [e-journal]
  • *--- (2006) ‘Virgil’s Ptolemaic Relations,’ JRS 96, 25-41
  • * Hexter, R. (1992) “Sidonian Dido.” in Hexter, R. – Selden, D. (1992) (eds.) Innovations of Antiquity, New York and London, pp. 332-384.
  • * Horsfall. N. M. (1973-74) “Dido in the Light of History” in PVS 13: 1-13:
  • Moles, J. L. --- (1987) ‘The tragedy and guilt of Dido,’ in M. Whitby, P. Hardie and M. Whitby (eds.) Homo Viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble, Bristol, 153-61.
  • Oliensis, E. (2001) “Freud’s Aeneid.” in Vergilius 47: 39-63. [e-journal]
  • Pobjoy, M. (1998) “Dido on the Tragic Stage: An Invitation to the Theatre of Carthage.” in Burden, M. (1998) (ed.) A Woman Scorn’d. Responses to the Dido Myth, London, pp. 41-64.
  • Schiesaro, A. (2008) “Furthest Voices in Virgil’s Dido.” In SIFC 100: 60-109 and 194-245. [e-journal]
  • Shi, V. S.-R. and Morgan, L. (2015) ‘A Tale of Two Carthages: History and Allusive Topography in Virgil’s Libyan Harbor (Aen. 1.159-69),’ TAPA 145, 107-33. [e-journal]
  • *Starks, J. H. (1999) ‘Fides Aeneia: The Transference of Punic Stereotypes in the Aeneid,’ CJ 94, 255-83. [e-journal]
  • Syed, Y. (2005) Vergil’s Aeneid and the Roman Self: Subject and Nation in Literary Discourse, Ann Arbor. [e-book]

Horace’s Carthage

  • Ambrose, J. W. (1973) ‘Horace on Foreign Policy: “Odes” 4.4’, CJ 69.1, 26-33 [e-journal]
  • *Feldherr, A. Feldherr, A. (2010), ‘“Dionysiac Poetics” and the Memory of Civil War in Horace’s Cleopatra Ode’, in B. W. Breed, C. Damon and A. Rossi (eds.) Citizens of Discord: Rome and Its Civil Wars (Oxford): 223-32. [e-book]
  • *Giusti, E. --- (2016) ‘Dithyrambic Iambics: Epode 9 and its General(s’) Confusion,’ in P. Bather and C. Stocks (eds.) Horace Epodes: Contexts, Intertexts, and Reception, Oxford, 131-51. [e-book]
  • Henderson, J. (1996) ‘Polishing off the Politics: Horace’s Ode to Pollio, 2,1’, MD 37, 59-136 [e-journal]
  • Johnson, W. R. (1969) ‘Tact in the Drusus Ode: Horace, Odes 4.4’ in CSCA 2, 171-81 [e-journal]
  • Stocks, C. --- (2016) ‘Monsters in the Night: Hannibal, Prodigia, and the Parallel Worlds of Epode 16 and Ode 4.4,’ in P. Bather and C. Stocks (eds.) Horace Epodes: Contexts, Intertexts, and Reception, Oxford, 153-74. [e-book]

Lucan’s Africa

  • Ahl, F. (1976) Lucan: An Introduction, Ithaca, ‘Sangre y Arena’, pp. 82-115.
  • Asso, P. (2011) ‘The Idea of Africa in Lucan’, in Orrells, D., Bhambra, G. K., Roynon, T. ‘Introduction’, in Orrells, D., Bhambra, G.K. and Roynon, T. (eds.) African Athena: New Agendas, Oxford, 225-38 [e-book]
  • Saylor, C. (1982) ‘Curio and Antaeus: the African Episode of Lucan Pharsalia IV’, TAPA 112, 169-77. [e-journal]
  • Tracy, J. (2014) Lucan’s Egyptian Civil War, Cambridge [e-book]

Silius Italicus Punica

  • Cowan, R. (2010) ‘Virtual Epic: Counterfactuals, Sideshadowing, and the Poetics of Contingency in the Punica’, in A. Augoustakis (ed.) Brill’s Companion to Silius Italicus, Leiden and Boston, 323-51. [e-book]
  • Ganiban, R. T. (2010) ‘Virgil’s Dido and the Heroism of Hannibal in Silius’ Punica,’ in A. Augoustakis (ed.) Brill’s Companion to Silius Italicus, Leiden and Boston, 73-98. [e-book]
  • Keith, A. M. (2010) ‘Engendering Orientalism in Silius’ Punica’, in A. Augoustakis (ed.) Brill’s Companion to Silius Italicus, Leiden and Boston, 353-73. [e-book]
  • Marks, R. (2010) ‘Silius and Lucan’ in A. Augoustakis (ed.) Brill’s Companion to Silius Italicus, Leiden and Boston, 127-53. [e-book]
  • *Stocks, C. (2014) The Roman Hannibal: Remembering the Enemy in Silius Italicus’ Punica, Liverpool. [e-book]
  • Tipping, B. (2010) Exemplary Epic: Silius Italicus’ Punica, Oxford [e-book]

Petrarch’s Africa

  • Bernardo, A. S. (1962) Petrarch, Scipio and the “Africa”: the Birth of Humanism’s Dream, Baltimore [request]
  • Hardie, P. (2012) Rumour and Renown: Representations of Fama in Western Literature, Cambridge, 460-484.
  • Kirkham, V. and Maggi, A. (2009) (eds.) Petrarch: A Critical Guide to the Complete Works, Chicago, Chapter 5, pp. 113-30 [e-book]
  • Martinez, R. L. (2015) ‘The Latin Hexameter Works: Epystole, Bucolicum carmen, Africa,’, in Ascoli, A. R. and Falkeid, U. (eds.) The Cambridge Companion to Petrarch, Cambridge, 87-99 [e-book]

Postcolonial Readings

  • Ahmad, A. (1992) In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures, London [in library]
  • Bhabha, H. (1994) The Location of Culture, London [e-book]
  • *Choudhury, B. (2016) Reading Postcolinial Theory: Key Texts in Context, London [e-book]
  • Fanon, F. (1967) The Wretched of the Earth, London [in library]
  • Said, E. (1978) Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient, London [in library]
  • Said, E. (1993) Culture and Imperialism, London.
  • Spivak, G. C. (1988) ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’, in C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds.) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, London, 21-78; available here:
  • Young, R. (1995) Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Culture and Race, London [in library]
  • --- (2004) White Mythologies: Writing History and the West, London [in library]
  • --- (2015) Empire, Colony, Postcolony, Chichester [e-book]

Hellenistic Literature

  • Clayman, Dee L. (2014) Berenice II and the Golden Age of Ptolemaic Egypt, Oxford.
  • Csaba, A. L. (2016) ‘Encounters with Ancient Egypt: the Hellenistic Greek Experience’, in Matthews, R. and Roemer, C. (eds.) Ancient Perspectives on Egypt, London, 218-34 [e-book]
  • *Morrison, A. D. (2010) ‘Greek Literature in Egypt’, in Lloyd, A. B. (ed.) A Companion to Ancient Egypt, Malden Mass., 755-778 [e-book]
  • Rutherford, I. (2013) ‘Greek Fiction and Egyptian Fiction’, in Whitmarsh, T. and Thomson, S. (eds.) The Romance between Greece and the East, Cambridge, 23-37 [e-book]
  • *Stephens, S.A. (2003) Seeing Double: Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria, Berkeley [e-book]
  • --- (2009) ‘Hellenistic Culture’, in Graziosi, B., Vasunia, P. and Boys-Stones, G. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies, Oxford [e-book]
  • Vasunia, P. (2001) The Gift of the Nile: Hellenizing Egypt from Aeschylus to Alexander, Berkeley


  • Bing, P. (2008) The well-read Muse: Present and Past in Callimachus and the Hellenistic Poets, Michigan, 91-143 on the Hymn to Delos.
  • Clayman, D. L. (2011) ‘Berenice and her Lock’, TAPA 141.2, 229-46 [e-journal]
  • Gutzwiller, K. (1992) ‘Callimachus’ Lock of Berenice: Fantasy, Romance, and Propaganda’, AJPh 113.3, 359-85 [e-journal.
  • Selden, D. (1998) ‘Alibis’ ClAnt 17.2, 289-412 [e-journal]
  • Van Oppen de Ruiter, B. F. (2015) Berenice II Euergetis, Basingstoke, ‘Astronomy and Ideology in the Coma Berenices’, pp. 71-115 [e-book]


  • Foster, J. A. (2006) ‘Arsinoe II as Epic Queen: Encomiastic Allusion in Theocritus, Idyll 15’, TAPA 136.1, 133-48 [e-journal]
  • Hinge, G. (2009) ‘Language and Race: Theocritus and the koine Identity of Ptolemaic Egypt’, in Hinge, G. and Krasilnikoff, J. A. (eds.) Alexandria: A Cultural and Religious Melting Pot, Aarhus, 66-79.
  • *Reed, J. (2000) 'Arsinoe's Adonis and the Poetics of Ptolemaic Imperialism', TAPA 130, 319-51.
  • Whitehorne, J. (1995) ‘Women’s Work in Theocritus, Idyll 15’ Hermes 123.1, 63-75 [e-journal]


  • Griffiths, F. T. (2012) ‘Claiming Libya: Peleus and the Ptolemies in Apollonius Rhodius’ Argonautica’, in Cusset, C., Le Meur-Weissman, N. and Levin, F. (eds) Mythe et pouvoir à l’epoque hellénistique, Leuven, 1-35.
  • Hunter, R. (2015) Argonautica Book IV, Cambridge, Introduction.
  • Mori, A. (2008) The Politics of Apollonius' Argonautica, Cambridge.
  • Nishimura-Jensen, J. (2000) ‘Unstable Geographies: The Moving Landscape in Apollonius’ Argonautica and Callimachus’ Hymn to Delos,’ TAPA 130, 287-317 [e-journal]
  • Noegel, Scott. 2004. "Apollonius' Argonautika and Egyptian Solar Mythology." Classical World 97.2: 123-136.
  • Stephens, S. (2007) ‘Remapping the Mediterranean: the Argo Adventure, Apollonius and Callimachus’ Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics:
  • *Thalmann, W. G. (2011) Apollonius of Rhodes and the Spaces of Hellenism, New York and Oxford, chapter 4 ‘Colonial Spaces’ [e-book]

Callimachus and Catullus

  • Johnston, P. A. (1987) ‘Dido, Berenice, and Arsinoe: Aeneid 6.460’, AJPh 108.4, 649-54 [e-journal]
  • Putnam, M. C. J. (1960) ‘Catullus 66.74-88’ CPh 55.4, 223-8 [e-journal]
  • Thomas, R. F. (1983) ‘Callimachus, the Victoria Berenices, and Roman Poetry’, CQ 33.1, 92-113 [e-journal]


  • Hunter, R. (ed.) (1998) Studies in Heliodorus, Cambridge [not in library]
  • Jones, M. (2006) ‘Heavenly and Pandemic Names in Heliodorus’ Aethiopica’, CQ 56.2, 548-62 [e-journal]
  • Morgan, J. R. (1982) ‘History, Romance, and Realism in the Aithiopika of Heliodorus’, ClAnt 1.2, 221-65 [e-journal]
  • --- (1989) ‘The Story of Knemon in Heliodorus’ Aithiopika’, JHS 109, 99-113 [e-journal]
  • --- (2008) ‘An Ethiopian Story’, in Reardon, B. P. (ed.) Collected Ancient Greek Novels, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 349-588.
  • --- (2014) ‘Heliodorus the Hellene’, in Cairns, D. and Scodel, R. (eds.) Defining Greek Narrative, Edinburgh, 260-76 [e-book]
  • Olsen, S. (2012) ‘Maculate Conception: Sexual Ideology and Creative Authority in Heliodorus’ “Aethiopica”’, AJPh 133.2 301-22 [e-journal]
  • Telò, M. (2011) ‘The Eagle’s Gaze in the Opening of Heliodorus’ “Aethiopica”’, AJPh 132.4, 581-612 [e-journal]
  • Whitmarsh, T. (2002) ‘Written on the Body: Ekphrasis, Perception and Deception in Heliodorus’ Aethiopica’, Ramus 31, 111-125.


  • *Clarke, K.(2001) ‘Prologue and Provenance: Quis ille? Or Unde ille?’ in Kahane, A. and Laird, A. (eds.) (2001) A Companion to the Prologue to Apuleius’ Metamorphoses, Oxford and New York, 101-10.
  • Finkelpearl, E. D. (1998) Metamophosis of Language in Apuleius: A Study of Allusion in the Novel, Ann Arbor [in library]
  • *Frangoulidis, S. (2008) Witches, Isis and Narrative: Approaches to Magic in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses, Berlin [e-book]
  • *Graverini, L. (2002) ‘Corinth, Rome and Africa: A Cultural Background for the Tale of the Ass’, in Paschalis, M. and Frangoulidis, S. (eds.) Space in the Ancient Novel, Groningen, 58-77 [e-book]
  • --- (2014) ‘The Negotiation of Provincial Identity through Literature: Apuleius and Vergil’ in Lee, Finkelpearl and Graverini (eds.) 112-128.
  • Harrison, S. (1990) ‘The Speaking Book: The Prologue to Apuleius’ Metamorphoses’, CQ 40: 507-13.
  • --- (2000) Apuleius: A Latin Sophist, Oxford.
  • *--- (2013) ‘Milesiae Punicae: How Punic was Apuleius?’ in Withmarsh, T. (ed.) The Romance between Greece and the East, Cambridge, 211-23 [e-book]
  • --- (2013) Framing the Ass: Literary Texture in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses, Oxford [in library]
  • --- (ed.) (2015) Characterisation in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses: Nine Studies, Cambridge Scholars. [e-book]
  • Kahane, A. and Laird, A. (eds.) (2001) A Companion to the Prologue to Apuleius’ Metamorphoses, Oxford and New York [read Clarke]
  • *Keulen, W. and Egelhaaf-Gaiser (eds.) (2012) Aspects of Apuleius’ Golden Ass Volume III, The Isis Book: A Collection of Original Papers, Leiden [e-book]
  • *Lee, B. T. (2005) Apuleius’ Florida: A Commentary, De Gryter [e-book]
  • *Lee, B. T., Finkelpearl, E. and Graverini, L. (eds.) (2014) Apuleius and Africa, New York and London [introduction, Graverini IS IT POSSIBLE TO REQUEST AN E-BOOK?]
  • Mattiacci, S. (2014) ‘Apuleius and “Africitas”’, Lee, Finkelpearl and Graverini (eds.) Apuleius in Africa, 87-111.
  • * Selden, D. (2014) ‘Apuleius and Afroasiatic Poetics’, in Lee, Finkelpearl and Graverini (eds.) Apuleius in Africa, 112-128.
  • Tilg, S. (2014) Apuleius’ Metamorphoses: A Study in Roman Fiction, Oxford [e-book]
  • [site of the Apuleius and Africa conference]

Augustine and Tertullian

  • Brown, P. (1967) Augustine of Hippo: A Biography, London [in library]
  • Meconi, D. P. and Stump, E. (eds.) (2014) The Cambridge Companion to Augustine, Cambridge [e-book]
  • Rankin, D. (2006) From Clement to Origen: the social and historical context of the Church Fathers, London.
  • Wilhite, D. (2007) Tertullian the African, Berlin: De Gruyter [e-book]
  • Wilhite, D. (2017) Ancient African Christianity: an introduction to a unique context and tradition, New York [e-book]
  • [site of the conference Augustine in Algeria held in 2001]

Black Classicism and Classica Africana

  • Adler, E. (2016) Classics, the Culture Wars, and Beyond, Ann Arbor [to request]
  • Barnard, J.L. (2017) Empire of Ruin: Black Classicism and American Imperial Culture, Oxford [e-book]
  • Gates, Henry Louis. (1987) "Authority,(white) power and the (black) critic; It's all Greek to me." Cultural Critique 7: 19-46.
  • Gates Jr, Henry Louis (2014) The signifying monkey: A theory of African American literary criticism. Oxford University Press.
  • Goff, B. (ed.) (2005) Classics and Colonialism, London
  • Goff, B. and Simpson (2007) Crossroads in the Black Aegean: Oedipus, Antigone, and dramas of the African diaspora, Oxford [e-book]
  • Greenwood, E. (2009) ‘Re-rooting the classical tradition: new directions in black classicism’, in Classical Receptions Journal 1.1, 87-103
  • Malamud, M. (2016) African Americans and the Classics: Antiquity, Abolition and Activism, London and New York [in library; introduction available on Talis Aspire]
  • McConnell, J. (2013) Black Odysseys: The Homeric Odyssey in the African Diaspora since 1939, Oxford.
  • Rankine, P.D. (2006) Ulysses in Black: Ralph Ellison, Classicism, and African American Literature, Madison [e-book]
  • Stark, J. (1973) 'Invisible Man: Ellison's Black Odyssey', Negro American Literature Forum 7.2, 60-63.
  • Walters, T.L. (2007) African American literature and the classicist tradition: Black Women Writers from Wheatley to Morrison, New York
  • Wetmore, K.J. (2003) Black Dionysus: Greek Tragedy and African American Theatre, Jefferson NC

Black Athena Debate

  • Bernal, M. (1987) Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, i: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985, New Brunswick, NJ
  • --- (1991) Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, ii: The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence, London
  • --- (2001) Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to his Critics, ed. David Chioni Moore, Durham, NC
  • Lefkowitz, M.R. and MacLean Rogers, G. (eds.) (1996) Black Athena Revisited [not in Warwick]
  • Lefkowitz, M.R. (1997) Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History [not in Warwick]
  • Marchand, S. and Grafton, A. (1997) ‘Martin Bernal and His Critics’, Arion 5.2., 1-35
  • Mudimbe, V. Y. (1988) The Invention of Africa, Bloomington and Indianapolis
  • Mudimbe, V. Y. (1994) The Idea of Africa, Bloomington and Indianapolis
  • Orrells, D. (2015) 'Oedipus in Africa: Mudimbe and Classical Antiquity', International Journal of Francophone Studies 18.2-3, 235-61.
  • *Orrells, D., Bhambra, G.K. and Roynon, T. (eds.) (2011) African Athena: New Agendas, Oxford.
  • van Binsbergen, W. (2011) (ed.) Black Athena comes of age, Berlin

W. E. B. Du Bois

  • Broderick, F. L. (1958) ‘The Academic Training of W. E. B. DuBois’ The Journal of Negro Education 27.1, 10-16.
  • Cowherd, C. (2003) ‘The Wings of Atalanta: Classical Influences in The Souls of Black Folk’, in The Souls of Black Folk: One Hundred Years Later, ed. D. Hubbard, Columbia, MO, pp. 284-97.

  • Marable, M. (2016) W. E. B. Du Bois: Black Radical Democrat, London [e-book]
  • **Various articles in

    Fertik, H. and Hanses, M. (2019) Above the Veil: Revisiting the Classicism of W. E. B. Du Bois, special issue of the International Journal of the Classical Tradition 26.1. URL:

Phillis Wheatley

  • Bennett, P. (1998) ‘Phillis Wheatley’s Vocation and the Paradox of the “Afric Muse”’, PMLA 113.1 Special Topic Ethnicity, 64-76 [e-journal]
  • Gates, H.R. Jr. (2003), The Trials of Phillis Wheatley: America’s First Black Poet and her Encounters with the Founding Fathers, New York.
  • Greenwood, E. (2011) 'The Politics of Classicism in the Poetry of Phillis Wheatley', in Alson, R. Hall, E. McConnell, J. (eds.) Ancient Slavery and Abolition: From Hobbes to Hollywood, Oxford, 153-75
  • Hayden, L.K. (1992), ‘Classical Tidings from the Afric Muse: Phillis Wheatley’s Use of Greek and Roman Mythology’, CLA Journal 35, 432–7.
  • Richards, P.M. (1992) ‘Phillis Wheatley and Literary Americanization’, American Quarterly 44.2, 163-91 [e-journal]
  • Shields, J.C. (1980a), ‘Phillis Wheatley’s Use of Classicism’, American Literature 52.1, 97–111.

    —— (1993), ‘Phillis Wheatley’s Subversion of Classical Stylistics’, Style, vol. 27.2, Special Issue on African-American Poetics, guest edited by John C. Shields (Summer), 252–70.

    —— (1994), ‘Phillis Wheatley’s Subversive Pastoral’, Eighteenth-Century Studies 27.4, 631–47.

    —— (2008), Phillis Wheatley’s Poetics of Liberation: Backgrounds and Contexts, University of Tennessee Press.

  • Walters, T.L. (2007) African American literature and the classicist tradition: Black Women Writers from Wheatley to Morrison, New York.

Derek Walcott

  • Greenwood, E. (2010) Afro-Greeks: dialogues between Anglophone Caribbean literature and classics in the twentieth century, Oxford. [e-book]
  • McConnell, J. (2013) Black Odysseys: the Homeric Odyssey in the African Diaspora since 1919, Oxford.
  • Van Zyl Smit B. (1998) 'Derek Walcott's 'The Odyssey': The Gates of the Imagination never close' in Scholia: Studies in Classical Antiquity 7, 3-16

Toni Morrison

  • *Haley, Shelley P (1995). ‘Self-Definition, Community and Resistance: Euripides’ Medea and Toni Morrison’s Beloved’. Thamyris 2/2: 177–206. [in library]
  • Kimball, A. Samuel (1997). ‘Genesis, Oedipus and Infanticidal Abjection in Toni Morrison’s Beloved’. Literature and Psychology 43/3: 41–65 [in library]
  • Malmgrem, Carl (1995). ‘Mixed Genres and the Logic of Slavery’. Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 36/2: 96–106.
  • McConnell, J. (2016) 'Postcolonial Sparagmos: Toni Morrison’s Sula and Wole Soyinka’s The Bacchae of Euripides: A Communion Rite', Classical Receptions Journal 8.2, 133-54.
  • *Otten, T. (1998). ‘Transfiguring the Narrative: Beloved from Melodrama to Tragedy’, in Barbara Solomon (ed.), Critical Essays on Toni Morrison’s Beloved. Boston and New York: G.K. Hall, 284–99. [in library]
  • *Roynon, T. (2012) The Cambridge Introduction to Toni Morrison, Cambridge.
  • *--- (2014) Toni Morrison and the Classical Tradition, Oxford [e-book]
  • Schmudde, Carol (1993). ‘“Knowing When To Stop”: A Reading of Toni Morrison’s Beloved’. CLA Journal 37/2: 121–35. [not in Warwick]
  • *Walters, T.L. (2007) African American literature and the classicist tradition: Black Women Writers from Wheatley to Morrison, New York

Classics in West Africa

  • Gibbs, J. (2007) ‘Antigone and her African Sisters: West African Versions of a Greek Original’, in Hardwick, L. and Gillespie, C. (eds.) Classics in Post-Colonial Worlds, Oxford.
  • Goff, B. (2013) 'Your Secret Language': Classics in the British Colonies of West Africa, London.

Wole Soyinka's Bacchae

  • Baker-White, R. (1993) 'The Politics of Ritual in Wole Soyinka's "The Bacchae of Euripides"', Comparative Drama, 27.3, 377-98
  • Bishop, N. (1983) 'A Nigerian Version of A Greek Classic: Soyinka's Transformation of "The Bacchae", Research in African Literatures 14.1, 68-80
  • Gibbs, J. (ed.) (1981) Critical Perspectives on Wole Soyinka, London
  • Goff, B. 2005. ‘Dionysiac Triangles: The Politics of Culture in Wole Soyinka's The Bacchae of Euripides’, in Victoria Pedrick and Steven Oberhelman, eds., The Soul of Tragedy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 73–90.
  • Katrak, K. H. (1986) Wole Soyinka and Modern Tragedy: a Study of Dramatic Theory and Practice, London
  • Maja-Pearce, A. (ed.) (1994) Wole Soyinka: an Appraisal, Oxford
  • McConnell, J. (2016) 'Postcolonial Sparagmos: Toni Morrison's Sula and Wole Soyinka's The Bacchae of Euripides: A Communion Rite, CRJ 8.2, 133-54.
  • Okpewho, I. (1999) ‘Soyinka, Euripides, and the Anxiety of Empire’ Research in African Literatures 30 (1999): 32-55
  • Owusu, M. O. (1973) The Impact of Greek Tragedy on Four Modern West African Dramatists: Olga Rotimi, John P. Clark, Efua T. Sutherland, Wole Soyinka, Thesis
  • Page, M. (1979) Wole Soyinka: Bibliography, Biography, Playography, London
  • Pizzato, M. (2003) ‘Soyinka’s Bacchae, African Gods, and Postmodern Mirrors’ The Journal of Religion and Theatre, 2
  • Sotto, W. (1985) The Rounded Rite: a Study of Wole Soyinka’s Play The Bacchae of Euripides, Lund
  • Van Weyenberg, A. (2011) in Orrells, D., Bhambra, G.K. and Roynon, T. (eds.) (2011) African Athena: New Agendas, Oxford, 326-42
  • Wright, D. (1993) Wole Soyinka Revisted, New York

Classics in South Africa

  • Lambert, M. (2011) The Classics and South African Identities, London and New York
  • Parker, G. (2017) South Africa, Greece, Rome: Classical Confrontations, Cambridge
  • Van Zyl Smit, B. (2014) 'Black Medeas' in D. Stuttard, ed., Looking at Medea, Bloomsbury. 157-166
  • Van Zyl Smit, B. (2011) 'Oedipus and Afrikaans theater,' Comparative Drama. 45(1), 477-493
  • Van Zyl Smit, B. 2007. Multicultural reception: Greek drama in South Africa in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. In: L. Hardwick and C. Stray eds., A Companion to Classical Receptions Oxford: Blackwell. 373-385