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Archaeological Fieldwork Module

Photo of Warwick students working on recording pottery at Knossos

CX386-15 Archaeological Fieldwork Module 

Location: The Stratigraphic Museum at the Knossos Study Centre of the British School at Athens. Located at the Villa Ariadne, Knossos, Crete.

Credit Weighting: 15 CATS.

Lecture Topics

  • Introduction to Crete
  • Introduction to Knossos
  • Recording and Cataloguing Artefacts
  • Working with Pottery
  • Archaeological Drawing
  • Tour of the Palace at Knossos
  • Trip to the Archaeological Museum of Herakleion
  • Trips to selected relevant archaeological sites on Crete.  


  • To gain a familiarity with the landscape and material culture of Crete.
  • To gain experience working with primary archaeological material.
  • To gain experience with current recording, cataloguing and classification methodologies.
  • To provide a material complement to topics/themes that we cover on our degrees at Warwick.
  • To provide an opportunity to participate research at a world-leading institution.


Learning Outcomes

  • Evaluate archaeological evidence from first-hand observation.
  • Record and present photographs or illustrations in a meaningful fashion to complement written work.
  • Communicate effectively about archaeological remains and their interpretation, orally and in writing.

Assessments (Due Term 1, Week 4)

  • Travel Log = 35%
  • Essay = 65%


This module presents participants with the opportunity to record original archaeological material that has been excavated at the site of Knossos on Crete. The specific material that we study will change year-on-year depending on the progress that we have made previously, but they temporal focus will generally be Hellenistic or Roman.


  • For logistical and financial reasons, participation on this module is currently capped at 6 students.
  • Applications for this module will be advertised in early February.


  • Bezeczky, 2013. The Amphorae of Roman Ephesus. Vienna
  • Brun, -P. 2003. Le vin et l'huile dans la Méditerranée antique: viticulture, léiculture et procédés de fabrication(Paris)
  • Callaghan, , Catling, H.W., Catling, E.A., Smyth, D., Spawforth, A. and Wall, S. 1981. ‘Knossos 1975: Minoan paralipomena and post-Minoan remains’, BSA 76, 83–108.
  • Carington Smith, and Wall, S. 1994. ‘A Late Hellenistic wine press at Knossos’, BSA 89, 359–76.
  • Chaniotis, 1988. ‘Vinum Creticum excellens: Zum Weinhandel Kretas’, Münstersche Beitrage zur antiken Handelsgeschichte 7, 62–89
  • Cline, E. 2012. The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean.
  • Coldstream, N., Eiring, J. and Forster, G. 2001. Knossos Pottery Handbook: Greek and Roman (Cambridge).
  • Coldstream, N., Higgins, R.A., Waywell, G.B., Jackson, A., Hughes-Brock, H., Kenna, V.E.G. and Jarman, M.R. 1973. Knossos: The Sanctuary of Demeter (BSA Supp. Vol. 8; London).
  • Egglezou, Μ. 2005. Ελληνιστική κεραμική Κρήτης: Κεντρική Κρήτη (Athens).
  • Eiring, , Boileau, M.-C. and Whitbread, I. 2002. ‘Local and imported transport amphorae from a Hellenistic kiln site at Knossos: the results of petrographic analyses’, in Blondé, F., Ballet, P. and Salles, J.-F. (eds), Céramiques hellénistiques et romaines: productions et diffusion en Méditerranée orientale (Lyon), 59–65.
  • Evans, A. 1921-1935. The Palace of Minos. A Comparative Account of the Successive Stages of the Early Cretan Civilization as Illustrated by the Discoveries at Knossos. 4 Vols. London.
  • Forster, 2009. ‘Roman Knossos: the pottery in context’ (unpublished PhD thesis, University of Birmingham)
  • Gallimore, 2017. ‘Food surplus and archaeological proxies: a case study from Roman Crete’, WorldArch49.1, 138–50.
  • Gallimore, 2018. ‘The relationship between agricultural production and amphora manufacture on Roman Crete’, JRA 31, 373–86.
  • Hadjisavvas, and Chaniotis, A. 2012. ‘Wine and olive oil in Crete and Cyprus: socio-economic aspects’, in Whitley, A., Cadogan, G., Iacovou, M. and Katerina, K. (eds), Parallel Lives: Ancient Island Societies in Crete and Cyprus (BSA Studies 20; London), 157–73.
  • Hayes, W. 1971. ‘Four Early Roman groups from Knossos’, BSA 66, 249–75.
  • Homann-Wedeking, 1950. ‘A kiln site at Knossos’, BSA 45, 165–92.Hood, S. and Smyth, D. 1981.Archaeological Survey of the Knossos Area (BSA Supp. Vol. 14; London).
  • Lippolis, 2016. ‘Roman Gortyn: from Greek polis to provincial capital’, in Francis, J.E. and Kouremenos, A.(eds), Roman Crete: New Perspectives (Oxford), 155–74.
  • Marangou-Lerat, 1995. ‘Le vin et les amphores de Crète, de l’époque classique à l’époque imperial’ (ÉtCrét30; Athens).
  • Momigliano, N. 2012. Knossos Pottery Handbook: Neolithic and Bronze Age (Minoan). London.
  • Rice, P. 2015 (2nd edition). Pottery Analysis, A Sourcebook. Chicago.
  • Rotroff, 2006. Hellenistic Pottery: The Plain Wares (Agora 33; Princeton, NJ).
  • Rutter, J. Aegean Prehistoric Archaeology. Dartmouth. Nov 19, 2021). Especially Lessons 5, 6 and 10-15.
  • Sackett, , Branigan, K., Callaghan, P.J., Catling, H.W., Catling, E.A., Coldstream, J.N., Higgins, R.A., Popham, M.R., Price, J., Price, M.J. and Waywel, G.B. 1992. Knossos from Greek City to Roman Colony: Excavations at the Unexplored Mansion, vol. 2 (BSA Supp. Vol. 21; London).
  • Sanders, F. 1982. Roman Crete: An Archaeological Survey and Gazetteer of Late Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Crete (Warminster).
  • Trainor, C.P. 2015. The Ceramics Industry of Roman Sikyon: A Technological Study (SIMA-PB 181; Uppsala).
  • Trainor, C.P. 2019. ‘Polis, colony and beyond: urban Knossos from Archaic to Late Antique times’, in Mitsotaki, K. and Tzedaki-Apostolaki, L. (eds), Proceedings of the Publication 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies (Heraklion) (available online <>)
  • Trainor, C. (2021). The Hellenistic Wine Press Excavations from Knossos: The Early Iron Age, Hellenistic and Early Roman Contexts. ABSA 116, 1-56.
  • Vogeikoff-Brogan, 2014. Mochlos III. The Late Hellenistic Beam-Press Complex (Philadelphia, PA).
  • Whitelaw, , Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. 2019. ‘Long-term urban dynamics at Knossos: the Knossos Urban Landscape Project, 2005–2016’, in Mitsotaki, K. and Tzedaki-Apostolaki, L. (eds), Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Cretan Studies (Heraklion) (available online <> accessed May 2021).


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A view of the Knossos valley looking west at sunset. The Palace of Minos is located in the middle of the image.