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General works on the idea of fiction

Auerbach, E. Mimesis (Princeton 1956)

Bakhtin, M.M. The Dialogic Imagination (Austin, Texas 1981)

Doody, M. A. The True Story of the Novel (London 1998)

Gill, C. and Wiseman, T. P. (edd.) Lies and Fiction in the Ancient World (Exeter 1993)

Nelson W. Fact or Fiction? The Dilemma of the Renaissance Storyteller (Harvard 1973)

General works on the ancient novel

Harrison, S. J. (ed.) Oxford Readings in the Roman Novel (Oxford; New York 1999)

Swain S. (ed) Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel (Oxford 2000)

Whitmarsh, Tim (ed). The Cambridge Companion to the Greek and Roman Novel (Cambridge 2008: Available online in Warwick via CUP)



Further Bibliography

Bowersock, G. W. (ed.) Fiction as History : Nero to Julian (Berkeley; London 1994)

Brissenden, R. F. Virtue in Distress: Studies in the Novel of Sentiment from Richardson to Sade (London and New York 1994) PN 3497.53

Cameron, A. ‘Petronius and Plato’ Classical Quarterly n.s. 19.1969.367-70

Carver, R. H. F. Protean ass: the Metamorphoses of Apuleius from antiquity to the Renaissance (Oxford 2007)

Connors, C. Petronius the Poet (Cambridge 1998)

Conte, G.B. The Hidden Author: An Interpretation of Petronius' Satyricon, trans. by Elaine Fantham (Princeton 1996) for the literary form and narrative voice of the work PA 6559.C6

Courtney, E. A Companion to Petronius (Oxford 2001). provides a useful if austere guide to the whole work

Curtius, E. R. European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages (Routledge 1985)

Dodds, E. R. Pagan and Christian in an Age of Anxiety (Cambridge 1965) BR 195.P2

Finkelpearl, E. D. Metamorphosis of Language in Apuleius: a study of allusion in the novel (Ann Arbor 1998)

Foucault, M. The History of Sexuality, vol. 3: The Care of the Self (London 1990) HC 8400.F6

Gaisser, Julia Haig Fortunes of Apuleius and the Golden Ass: a study in transmission and reception (Princeton 2008)

Gill, C. Personality in Greek Epic, Tragedy, and Philosophy: The Self in Dialogue (Oxford 1996) PA 3015.S4

Hägg, Thomas The Novel in Antiquity (Blackwell 1983)

Haight, E. H. Apuleius and his Influence (New York 1927)

Harrison, S. J. ‘The Milesian Tales and the Roman novel’ GCN 9.1998.61-74

Harrison, S. J. (ed.) Oxford Readings in the Roman Novel (Oxford; New York 1999) collects some classic articles and provides a commented bibliography in the introduction which covers work on both Apuleius Golden Ass and Petronius Satyricon since 1900. See Rosati, G. ‘Trimalchio on stage’ pp. 85-104. See Beck, R. ‘Some observations on the narrative technique of Petronius’ pp. 50-73. See also chapters by Tatum and Finkelpearl and Petersmann.

Harrison, S. J. Apuleius: A Latin Sophist (Oxford 2000)

Harrison, S. J. ‘Constructing Apuleius: the emergence of a literary artist’ Ancient Narrative 2.2002.143-71

Hijmans, B. L. and R. T. Van der Paardt (edd.) Aspects of Apuleius' 'Golden Ass', (Groningen 1978)

Hofmann, H. (ed.) Latin Fiction: The Latin Novel in Context (London and New York 1999) contains many useful short essays PA 6091.L2

Holzberg, Niklas The Ancient Novel: An introduction (Routledge 1995)

Kenney, E. J. Apuleius: Cupid and Psyche (Cambridge 1990)

Krabbe, J. K. The Metamorphoses of Apuleius (New York 1998) For the strong influence of Ovid, see pp. 37-81

Liebeschütz, J. H. W. G. Continuity and Change in Roman Religion (Oxford 1979)

Millar, F. ‘The World of the Golden Ass’, Journal of Roman Studies 71.1981.63–75

Miller, P. Lyric Texts and Lyric Consciousness (London 1994) PA 3019.M4

Mullan, J. Sentiment and Sociability: the Language of Feeling in the Eighteenth Century (Oxford 1988) PR 448.S3

Panayotakis, C. ‘Baptism and crucifixion on the mimic stage’ Mnemosyne 50.1995.302-19 excellent on the theatrical elements in the Satyricon

Perry, B. E. The Ancient Romances (Berkeley 1967)

Prag, J. and Repath, I (edd.) Petronius: a handbook (Wiley-Blackwell 2009)

Reardon, B.P. (ed) The Collected Ancient Greek Novels (Princeton 1992) PA 3469.C6

Rimell, V. Petronius and the anatomy of fiction (Cambridge 2002)

Sandy, G. The Greek World of Apuleius (Leiden 1997)

Schlam, C. The Metamorphoses of Apuleius: On Making an Ass of Oneself (London 1992) PA 6217.S2

Schmeling, G. The Novel in the Ancient World (Leiden 1996) see Fusillo on pp. 277-305 PA 3469.C6

Slater, N. Reading Petronius (Baltimore 1990) good on the role-playing aspect in the Satyricon PA 6559.S5

Smith, M. S. Petronius: Cena Trimalchionis (Oxford 1979)

Sullivan, J. P. The Satyricon of Petronius: a Literary Study (London 1968)

Swain, S. (ed.) Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel (Oxford 1999)

Tatum, J. (ed.) The Search for the Ancient Novel (Baltimore and London 1994) including F. I. Zeitlin ‘Gardens of Desire in Longus’ Daphnis and Chloe’) PA 3267.S3

Vickers, B. In Defence of Rhetoric (Oxford 1991) PN 175.44

Walsh, P. G. The Roman Novel (London 1995)

Watt, I. The Rise of the Novel (Harmondsworth 1963) PR 851.W2

Waugh, P. Metafiction: The Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction (London and New York 1984) PN 3504.M3

Whitmarsh, Tim (ed). The Cambridge Companion to the Greek and Roman Novel (Cambridge 2008)

Winkler, J. J. Actor and Auctor: A Narratological Reading of Apuleius' The Golden Ass (California 1985) PA 6217.W4

Zimmerman, M., V. Hunink, et al., (edd.) Aspects of Apuleius' Golden Ass II, Cupid and Psyche (Groningen 1998) is a useful internet resource for the ancient novel including articles and bibliographies. (The Petronian Society Newsletter a subsection of this site does not require subscription.)

See also the translations of Walsh and Kenney of Apuleius Metamorphoses for more.

Some extra reading on individual works (in addition to the above) ...

Longus Daphnis and Chloe

Chalk, H. H. O. ‘Eros and the Lesbian Pastorals of Longus’ Journal of Hellenic Studies 80 (1960) 32-51

Cresci, Lia Raffaella 'The Novel of Longus the Sophist and Pastoral Tradition' in S. Swain ed. Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel (Oxford 1999)

Effe Bernd, 'Longos: Towards a history of Bucolic and its fuction in the Roman Empire' in S. Swain ed. Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel (Oxford 1999)

Hunter, R. L. A Study of Daphnis and Chloe (Cambridge 1983)

McCulloh, W. E. Longus (New York 1970)

F. Zeitlin ‘The poetics of Eros: nature, art and imitation in Longus’ Daphnis and Chloe’in D. Halperin et al. (eds) Before Sexuality (Princeton 1990) 417-64.

F. I. Zeitlin ‘Gardens of Desire in Longus’ Daphnis and Chloe’ in Tatum (abbreviated version of piece cited above)


Lucian Vera Historia

Fusillo ‘The Mirror of the Moon. Lucian’s A True Story – From Satire to Utopia...’ in Swain (ed.), Oxford Readings in the Greek Novel (cited above)

Laird, A. ‘Fiction and Philosophy in Lucian Verae Historiae’ in The Ancient Novel and Beyond (ICAN 3) ed. M. Zimmerman, S. Panayotakis and W. Keulen (Brill 2002)

The History of Apollonius King of Tyre

Schmeling, G. ‘Apollonius of Tyre: Last of the Troublesome Latin Novels’ Aufstieg und Niedergang der romischen Welt II 34.4 (Berlin: Walter De Gruyter 1998) 3270-3291

‘The History of Apollonius of Tyre’, in ed. H. Hofmann Latin Fiction (London Routledge 1998) 141-52

Virgil Aeneid 9

Barthe, R. ‘The Reality effect’ in Todorov (ed) French Literary Theory Today (Cambridge 1982)

Dickie, M. ‘The Speech of Numanus Remulus (Aeneid 9.598-620)’ PLLS 5 (1985) 165-221

Duckworth, G. E. ‘The Significance of Nisus and Euryalus for Aeneid 9-12’ AJPh 88 (1967) 129-50

Egan, R. B. ‘Euryalus’ Mother and Aeneid 9-12’ In Deroux, C., ed. Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History Vol. 2 pp. 157-76 (Brussels 1980)

Feeney, D. in Gill, C. and Wiseman, T. P. (edd.) Lies and Fiction in the Ancient World (Exeter 1993)

Feeney, D. The Gods in Epic (1991)

Fitzgerald, G. J. ‘Nisus and Euryalus. A Pardigm of Futile Behaviour and the Tragedy of Youth’ In Martyn, J. R. C., ed. Cicero and Virgil. Studies in Honour of Harold Hunt (Amsterdam 1972) 114-37

Fowler, D. P. ‘Epic in the middle of the wood: mise en abyme in the Nisus and Euryalus episode’ in A. Sharrock and H. Morales (eds) Intratextuality: Greek and Roman textual relations (Oxford 2000) 89-113

Hardie, P. ed. Virgil Aeneid IX (Cambridge 1994) and see pp. 252ff for further reading

Laird, A. ‘Approaching characterisation in Virgil’s Aeneid’ in C. Martindale Cambridge Companion to Virgil (CUP 1996)

Lennox, Peter G. ‘Virgil’s Night-Episode Re-examined (Aeneid ix.176-449)’ Hermes 105 (1977) 331-42

Mackie, C. J. The Character of Aeneas (Edinurgh 1988)

Pavlock, B. ‘Epic and Tragedy in Virgil’s Nisus and Euryalus Episode’ TAPhA 115 (1985) 207-224

Riffaterre, M. Fictional Truth (1991)

Saylor, C. ‘Group vs. Individual in Virgil Aeneid IX’ Latomus 49 (1990) 88-94