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General Literary Theory and Theories of Reception

Alter, R. (1996) The Pleasures of Reading in an Ideological Age, New York
Bassnett, S. (1993) Comparative Literature, Oxford
Bennett, A. & N. Royle (eds.) (1999) An Introduction to Literature, Criticism and Theory, London [2nd ed]
Bloom, H. (1973) The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry, New York
Burke, S. (1995) Authorship: From Plato to the Postmodern: A Reader, Edinburgh
Culler, J. (1983) On Deconstruction: Theory and Criticism After Stucturalism, Ithaca
_____, (1997) Literary theory: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford
Fish, S. (1980) Is There A Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretative Communities, Cambridge, Mass.
Jauss, H. R. (1982) Towards an Aesthetic of Reception, Minneapolis
Kermode, F. (1975) The Classic, Eliot Memorial Lectures
Lentricchia, F. & T. McLaughlin eds. (1995) Critical Terms for Literary Study, Chicago [2nd ed]
Mitter, P. (1987) ‘Can We Understand Alien Cultures?’ Comparative Criticism 9: 3-34
Worton, M. & J. Still eds. (1990) Intertextuality: Theories and Practices, Manchester


Bassnett, S. (1980) (rev. ed.) Translation Studies, London
Benjamin, W. (1973) ‘The Task of the Translator’ in H. Arendt (ed.) Illuminations, London, pp.70-82
Steiner, G. (1992) After Babel, Oxford [rev. ed.]
Venuti, L. (1995) The Translator’s Invisibility, London

Post-Colonial Theory

Ashcroft, B., G. Griffiths & H. Tiffin (1988) The Empire Writes Back, London
_____ (1995) The Post-Colonial Studies Reader, London
Bhabha, H. (1994) The Location of Culture, London
Bhabha, H. (1992) ‘Post-Colonial Criticism’, in S. Greenblatt & G. Gunn (eds.) Redrawing the Boundaries: The Transformation of English and American Literary Studies pp. 437-65
Fanon, F. (1967) The Wretched of the Earth, London
Fanon, F. (reprint 1986) Black Skin, White Masks, London
Rushdie, S. (1992) Imaginary Homelands, London
Said, E. (1978) Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Other, London
_____ (1993) Culture and Imperialism, London
Spivak, G. (1990) The Post-Colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues, (ed. Harasym, S.), London
Williams, P. & L. Chrisman (eds.) (1993) Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory, Brighton
Young, R. (1990) White Mythologies: Writing, History and the West, London
Young, R. (1995) Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Culture and Race, London

Feminist Theory

Belsey, C. (1994) Desire: Love Stories in Western Culture, Oxford
Butler, J. (1990) Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, London
Cameron, D. (ed.) (1990) The Feminist Critique of Language: A Reader, London
De Beauvoir, S. (trans. 1972) The Second Sex, London
De Lauretis (1987) The Technologies of Gender, Bloomington, Indiana
Eagleton, M. (1996) Working with Feminist Criticism, Oxford
Fuss, D. (1989) Essentially Speaking: Feminism, Nature, and Difference, London
Garber, M. (1992) Vested Interests: Cross Dressing and Cultural Anxiety, London
Heath, S. (1982) The Sexual Fix, London
Hirsch, M. & E. Keller (eds.) (1990) Conflicts in Feminism, London
Humm, M. (1995) Practising Feminist Criticism, London
Jardine, A. & P. Smith (eds.) (1987) Men in Feminism, New York
Kemp, S. & J. Squires (eds.) (1997) Feminisms, Oxford
Kosofsky Sedgwick, E. (1990) Epistemology of the Closet, London
Millett, K. (1972) Sexual Politics, London
Moi, T. (1985) Sexual/Textual Politics, London
Nicholson, L. (1997) The Second Wave: A Reader in Feminist Theory, London
Sellers, S. (1991) Language and Sexual Difference, London
Spender, D. (1980) Man Made Language, London
Warhol, R. & D. Price Herndl (eds.) (1997) Feminisms: An Anthology of Literary Theory and Criticism, Oxford

Tragedy and the Tragic

Dollimore, J. (2003) Radical Tragedy: Religion, Ideology and Power in the Drama of Shakespeare and his Contemporaries, Basingstoke [3rd ed]
Eagleton, T. (2002) Sweet Violence: The Idea of the Tragic, Oxford
Frye, N. (1957) The Anatomy of Criticism, Princeton
Girard, R. (1977) Violence and the Sacred, Baltimore
Henrichs, A. (1984) ‘Loss of Self, Suffering, Violence: The Modern View of Dionysus from Nietzsche to Girard’ HSCP 88: 205-40
Kerrigan, J. (1996) Revenge Tragedy: From Aeschylus to Armageddon, Oxford
Miller,M. ‘Tragedy of the Common Man’ – available from tutors
Nuttall, A. (1996) Why does Tragedy Give Pleasure? Oxford
Palmer, R. H. (1992) Tragedy and Tragic Theory: an Analytical Guide, Westport, Conn.
Silk, M. (ed.) (1996) Tragedy and the Tragic, Oxford
Steiner, G. (1961) Death of Tragedy, London
Winkler, J. & F. Zeitlin (eds.) (1990) Nothing to do with Dionysus? Princeton

Greek Tragedy on the Modern Stage and Screen

Barthes, R. (1985) ‘The Greek Theatre’ in The Responsibility of Forms: Critical Essays on Music, Art and Representation, Berkeley, 63-88 – available from tutors
Easterling, P. E. (ed.) (1996) The Cambridge Companion to Greek Tragedy, Cambridge, esp. section on reception
Garland, R. (2004) Surviving Greek Tragedy, London
Hall, E., F. Macintosh & O. Taplin (eds.) (2000) Medea in Performance, 1500-2000, Oxford
Hall, E. M., F. Macintosh & A. Wrigley (eds.) (2003) Dionysus Since ‘69: Greek Tragedy at the Dawn of the Third Millennium, Oxford
Hardwick, L. (2000) Translating Words, Translating Cultures, London
_____ (2003) Reception Studies, Oxford
Goldhill, Simon (2008) How to Stage Greek Tragedy Today (Chicago)
MacKinnon, K. (1986) Greek Tragedy Into Film, London
McDonald, M. (1992) Ancient Sun, Modern Light: Greek Drama on the Modern Stage, New York
Rehm, R. (2002) Radical Theatre: Greek Theatre and the Modern World, London
Taplin, O. (1989) Greek Fire, London
Walton, J. M. (ed.) (1987) Living Greek Theatre: A Handbook of Classical Performance and Modern Production, Westport
Wiles, D. (2000) Greek Theatre Performance: An Introduction, Cambridge


 Freud’s Oedipus

Alford, P. (1992) The Psychoanalytic Theory of Greek Tragedy, New Haven
Horden, P. (ed.) (1985) Freud and the Humanities, London
Neu, J. (ed.) (1992) The Cambridge Companion to Freud, Cambridge
Rudnytsky, P. (1987) Freud and Oedipus, New York

Pier Paolo Pasolini’s Edipo Re

video available in library

Baranski, Z. G. (1999) Pasolini Old and New: Surveys and Studies, Dublin
MacKinnon, K. (1986) Greek Tragedy into Film, London
Rohdie, S. (1995) The Passion of Pier Paolo Pasolini, Bloomington
Siciliano, E. (1982) Pasolini: A Biography, New York
Watson, W. V. (1989) Pier Paolo Pasolini and the Theatre of the Word, Ann Arbor


Tony Harrison’s Oresteia

Byrne, S. (1998) H, v. & O: The Poetry of Tony Harrison, Manchester
Parker, R.B. (1986) ‘ The National Theatre’s Oresteia, 1981-82’, in Cropp, Fantham and Scully (eds) (1986) Greek Tragedy and its Legacy (Calgary)
Taplin, O. (2005) ‘The Harrison Version: “So Long ago its become a song”’ in Macintosh, Michelakis, Hall and Taplin (eds) (2005) Agamemnon in Performance (Oxford), 235-254
Walton, J.M. (1984) The Greek Sense of Theatre (London)

Hegel's Antigone

Butler, Judith (2000) Antigone's Claim: Kinship between life and death (New York)
Singer, Peter (1983) Hegel (Oxford)
Steiner, George (1984) Antigones: The Antigone Myth in Western Literature, Art and
Thought (Oxford)
Shklar, Judith (1971) 'Hegel's Phenomenology an elegy for Hellas' in Pelczynski. (ed.)
(1971) Hegel's political philosophy : problems and perspectives (Cambridge), 73-89

Irigaray's Antigone

Chanter, Tina (1995) Ethics of Eros: Irigaray's Rewriting of the Philosophers (New
York and London)
Whitford, Margaret (1991) Luce Irigaray: Philosophy in the Feminine (London and
New York)

Jean Anouilh’s Antigone

Brady, D. (1984) Modern French Drama 1940-1980 (Cambridge)
Fleming, Katie (2006) ‘Fascism on Stage: Jean Anouilh’s Antigone’ In Zajko and Leonard Laughing with Medusa (Oxford), 163-186
Witt, Mary Ann (1993) “Fascist Ideology and Theatre Under Occupation: The case of Anouilh’, Journal of European Studies 23, 49-69


O’Flaherty, J., Sellner, T., & Helm, R. (eds.) (1979) Studies in Nietzsche and the Classical Tradition, Chapel Hill
Porter, J. (2000) Nietzsche and the Philology of the Future, Stanford
Porter, J. (2000) The Invention of Dionysus, Stanford
Silk, M. & Stern, J. (1981) Nietzsche on Tragedy, Cambridge
Strong, T. (2000) Friedrich Nietzsche and the Politics of Transformation, Illinois [rev. ed.] esp. chs V-VI

Wole Soyinka’s The Bacchae of Euripides

Gibbs, J. (ed.) (1981) Critical Perspectives on Wole Soyinka, London
Katrak, K. H. (1986) Wole Soyinka and Modern Tragedy: a Study of Dramatic Theory and Practice, London
Maja-Pearce, A. (ed.) (1994) Wole Soyinka: an Appraisal, Oxford
Okpewho, I. (1999) ‘Soyinka, Euripides, and the Anxiety of Empire’ Research in African Literatures 30 (1999): 32-55
Owusu, M. O. (1973) The Impact of Greek Tragedy on Four Modern West African Dramatists: Olga Rotimi, John P. Clark, Efua T. Sutherland, Wole Soyinka, Thesis
Page, M. (1979) Wole Soyinka: Bibliography, Biography, Playography, London
Pizzato, M. (2003) ‘Soyinka’s Bacchae, African Gods, and Postmodern Mirrors’ The Journal of Religion and Theatre, 2
Sotto, W. (1985) The Rounded Rite: a Study of Wole Soyinka’s Play The Bacchae of Euripides, Lund
Wright, D. (1993) Wole Soyinka Revisted, New York

The Ancient World on Film

Babington, B. and P. W. Evans (1993), Biblical Epics: Sacred Narrative in the Hollywood Cinema (Manchester)
Bondanella, P. (1987), The Eternal City: Roman Images in the Modern World (Chapel Hill and London)
Cyrino, M. S. (2005) Big Screen Rome (Malden/Oxford)
Elley, D. (1984) The Epic: Myth and History
Joshel, S. et al. (2001) Imperial Projections: Rome in Modern Popular Culture (Baltimore)
MacDonald, M. (1983) Euripides in Cinema: the Heart Made Visible (Philadelphia)
McKinnon, K. (1986) Greek Tragedy into Film
Mayer, D. (1994), Playing Out the Empire: “Ben Hur” and Other Toga Plays and Films, 1883-1908 (Oxford)
Mulvey, L (1975) ‘Visual pleasure and narrative cinema’, Screen 1975 — reprinted in e.g. Constance Penley (edd.) (1988) Feminism and Film Theory, which also includes her important ‘Afterthoughts’ follow-up article.
Nisbet, G. (2006) Ancient Greece in Film and Popular Culture (Bristol)
Solomon, J. (2001) The Ancient World in the Cinema (New Haven)
Winkler, M. (ed.) (2007) Troy: From Homer’s Iliad to Hollywood Epic (Malden/Oxford)
Winkler, M. (ed.) (2001) Classical Myth and Culture in the Cinema (Oxford)
Winkler, M. (ed.) (1991) Classics and Cinema (Lewisburg)
Wyke, M. (1997) Projecting the Past: Ancient Rome, Cinema and History (London)


You should also aim to see as many films as possible:

Michael Cacoyannis has directed several Greek tragedies on film.

Derek Elley’s book offers a detailed list of the various epic films that you can see.

Hollywood has also been very attracted by the allurements of antiquity. You should see:

Ben Hur (two versions: 1925; 1959)
Spartacus (two versions out of three: 1952; 1960)
The Robe (1953)
Quo Vadis? (1913; 1924; and 1951)
Cleopatra (three versions: 1917; 1934; and 1963)
The Giant of Marathon (1960)
The War of the Trojans (1960)
Goliath and the Sins of Babylon (1964)
The End of the Roman Empire (1964)

European cinema has also been extremely interested in the ancient world. There are numerous Italian films of the silent era that are worth a look.

More recently we have:

Fellini’s Satyricon (1969)
Sebastiane (1976)
Caligula (1979)

More recently, still, Hollywood has returned to antiquity with blockbuster and a critical flop:

Gladiator (2000)
Troy (2004)