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Essay questions: Term 1

Please note the University’s new proofreading policy and adapt your cover sheet accordingly!

Please refer to your UG HANDBOOK for a guide towards essay writing and marking criteria.

UPDATED bibliographies will appear on this page in due course.

Deadline: Thursday 23 November, 2017 (week 8)

1. Did the image of Mark Antony survive Cicero’s Philippics?

Cicero, Philippics (esp. I-II)

Plutarch, Life of Antony (in: Makers of Rome. Nine Lives)

W. Shakespeare, Antony & Cleopatra

T. Duff, Plutarch’s Lives: Exploring Virtue and Vice, 1999

W. Fitzgerald, ‘Oppositions, Anxieties and Ambiguities in the Toga Movie’, in S.R. Joshel/M. Malamud/ DT McGuire (eds), Imperial Projections: Ancient Rome in Modern Popular Culture, 2001,

R. Kelly, Mark Antony and Popular Culture. Masculinity and the Construction of an Icon, 2014

2. Did Cicero’s key rhetorical strategies in his late forensic speeches have a genuine impact on the events?

Cicero, Pro Milone

Cicero, Philippics

J. Hall, ‘The Philippics’, in J. May (ed.), The Brill Companion to Cicero. Oratory and Rhetoric, 2002, 273-304

J. May, ‘The final years. The loss and recovery of independence, and the ethos of a patriot’, in eiusdem. Trials of Character. The Eloquence of Ciceronian Ethos, 1988, 128-161

3. Are women’s voices represented in Classical Greek oratory?

Look up the trials of Phrynè and Neaira…

Gagarin, M. 2001 ‘Women’s voices in Attic Oratory’, in A. Lardinois & L. McClure, Making Silence Speak. Women’s Voices in Greek Literature & Society, Princeton, 161-176

McClure, L. 2003 Spoken like a Woman. Speech and Gender in Athenian Drama, Princeton

4. Is there a connection between art and rhetoric in antiquity?

Elsner, J. & Meyer, M. (eds) (2014), Art and Rhetoric in Roman Culture

Newby, Z. (2016) ‘Paideia, Rhetoric and Self-Representation: Responses to mythological wall paintings, in Z. Newby, Greek myths in Roman art and culture, 2016, 137-163

Platt, V. 2014 "Agamemnon's Grief: on the Limits of Expression in Roman Rhetoric and Painting," in J. Elsner and M. Meyer (eds.), Art and Rhetoric in Roman Culture. Cambridge University Press, 211-31

5. How did rhetorical training affect the careers of the likes of Demosthenes, Aeschines and Cicero?

Plutarch, Lives (Orators)

Kremmydas, C., Powell, J. and Rubinstein L. eds 2013, Profession and Performance. Aspects of Oratory in the Greco-Roman World, BICS Suppl. 123

Marrou, H.-I. (1956), A History of Education in Antiquity (original French edition: 1948)