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Audendum est, fortes adiuvat ipsa Venus -Tibullus

'You must do and dare for Venus only helps the brave!'


Seminars in this course are a unique opportunity to explore specific buildings types, themes and urban contexts in Rome in greater depth. These groups are also designed to develop your skills in interacting with the historical and archaeological evidence, as well as considering how to present this evidence to a broader academic community. The ability to give a presentation is a vital interview skill, as is the ability to observe a presentation respectfully and to follow up with thoughtful questions.

CoR Seminars will be assigned in seminar groups, each of them will consist of max. 12 students.

Smaller groups will meet according interests in Italian, German & French scholarship.

Term 1 & 2: Weeks 4/5 and 8/9

Group A: Week 4 & 8: Thursday 3-4 pm H3.05

Group B: Week 5 & 9: Friday, 10-11am, H.5.45

Group C/D: Dates & times tbc, H2.33, seminars including Italian and German bibliography

Seminar Presentations

Each seminar topic will consist of three 'case studies' which will be presented by pairs of students in a powerpoint presentations (ca. 8-10 minutes). Each week there will be 6 students presenting and 6-7 students undertaking broader background reading on the topic as a whole. A sign up sheet will be placed outside my office from the second week of term so that students can sign up (the idea is also to allow you to choose your work partner and to choose a topic of specific interest). Obviously, the sooner you sign up, the better the availability (a fundamental feature of the the working world as well). Students in every group are required to present at least once a term. For third years, presentations earlier in the term may be desirable, considering the increasing dissertation workload. Treatment of 'case studies' will be provided in lectures as an example and specific "questions to consider" will be provided.

Seminar Groups Assignments * You will be assigned into an single seminar group for the year (these are subject to change with enrolment in the first 3 weeks of term). If you cannot make your chosen group time, please let the course co-ordinator know immediately, as the balance of work is vital. A sample of seminar sign up sheet (like the ones that will be set outside my office) is also provided in the document below.

SEMINAR 1 (Term 1, Week 4) Rock around the Clock: Augustus & the Campus Martius

For each presentation consider the following:

What type of building is it? What is its function?

Where is it located? How does function relate to context?

What are the literary and historical sources (primary lit, history and epigraphy (inscriptions)?

What are the archaeological sources for the building (Sculpture, depictions on coins, renaissance drawings, reconstructions, sections of the Forma Urbis)

What do different sources tell us? What are the limitations of these sources? Which sources do you find most compelling?

How did this building serve Augustus' social and political agenda?

Presentation 1: The Ara Pacis

Presentation 2: The Horologium

Presentation 3: The Mausoleum of Augustus (including the Res Gestae)

Topics for Discussion Groups

The main goal of these discussions is to place the specific case studies into a broader urban context and see how Augustus' projects fit within his broader social and political agenda. You should also consider Agrippas projects within the Campus Martius: The Pantheon, The Stagnum Agrippae, and his Thermae).

1. How does this building fit within Augustus' broader monumental campaigns, including inscriptions, sculpture (e.g. Prima Porta Statue), cameos and coins?

2. How do these monuments compare with their predecessors (previous monuments to military triumph, peace and honouring a Roman Hero).

3. Are these buildings is innovative or traditional? (One need not exclude the other..) Discuss.

4. How do these projects compare with Augustus' work in Forum Romanum?

5. Does a study of Augustus' public munificence in Rome provide a consistent image of the man as a ruler? 

BIBLIOGRAPHY * See Websites from Seminar 1 (esp LacusCurtius and Rome Reborn for: Mausoleum Augusti, Horologium Augusti, and Ara Pacis.

Claridge,A. (1988) An Oxford Archaeological Guide

Cooley, A.E. (2009) Res Gestae Divi Augusti (Cambridge) esp chapters 19-21.

Eck , W. (2002) The Age of Augustus (Blackwell) [DG 279.E2] Chapter 13.

Elsner, J. (1991) 'Cult and Sacrifice in the Ara Pacis Augustae' JRS 81, 50-61 [JSTOR]

Ewald, B.C. and Norena, C., eds (2010) The emperor and Rome: space, representation and ritual [DG 62.E6]

Favro, D. (1996) The urban image of Augustan Rome [DG 63.F2]

@Favro, D. (2005) 'Making Rome a world city', in The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus [DG 279.C2 + e-book]

K. Galinsky, Augustan Culture (1996) pp.141ff [DG 272.G2]

Haselberger, L. (2002) Mapping Augustan Rome [DG 66.M2]

Haselberger, L. (2007) Rome's urban metamorphosis under Augustus [DG 279.H378 - oversize]

Heslin, P. (2007) ‘Augustus, Domitian and the So-called Horologium Augusti’, Journal of Roman Studies 97, 1-20.[JSTOR]

Holliday, P. J. (1990), ‘Time, History, and Ritual in the Ara Pacis Augustae’, Art Bulletin 72: 542-7.[JSTOR]

Iacopi, I. (2001) 'Time, history, and ritual in the Ara Pacis Augustae', Art Bulletin 72: 542-47[JSTOR]

Luce, T.J. (1990) ‘Livy, Augustus, and the Forum Augustum’, in Between Republic & Empire(eds) K.A. Raaflaub and M. Toher, 123-38 [DG 279.B3 + e-book]

Nicolet, C. (1991) Space, geography and politics in the early Roman empire [DG 30.N4]

Patterson, J.R. (1992) ‘The City of Rome: from Republic to Empire’ JRS 82: 186-215 [JSTOR]

Price, S.R.F. (1996) 'The place of religion: Rome in the early empire', in Cambridge Ancient History X [e-book]

Purcell, N. (1996), 'Rome and its development under Augustus and his successors' in The Cambridge Ancient History X, 782-811. CUP: Cambridge. [D 57.C2]

Rehak, P. (2006) Imperium and Cosmos. Augustus and the northern Campus Martius [DG 66.R44]
@Rehak, P. (2001) 'Aeneas or Numa? Rethinking the meaning of the Ara Pacis', Art Bulletin 83.2: 190-208

Rose, C. B. (1990), ‘“Princes” and Barbarians on the Ara Pacis’, AJA 94: 453-67. [JSTOR]

Walker, S. (2000), 'The moral museum: Augustus and the city of Rome', in J. Coulston and H. Dodge, Ancient Rome: The Archaeology of the Eternal City, 61-75. Oxford. [DG 65.A6]

Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1993) Augustan Rome (Bristol Classical Press) [DG 279.W2]

Torelli, M. (1982) Typology and structure of Roman historical reliefs [NB 133.T6] ch.2

Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1987) 'Time for Augustus: Ovid, Augustus and the Fasti' in M. Whitby et al. (eds.) Homo Viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble [PA 3003.H6]

Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus [N 5760.Z2]

* Recent JRA fest of the "Horologium as a Sundial"

JRA (Journal of Roman Archaeology) (2011) vol. 24.1 , 47-98. Main article by R. Hannah pp , 41-9.[JSTOR]

SEMINAR 2 (Term 1, Week 8)

Life in Rome: Nasty Brutish & Short? Case studies from Rome & Ostia

Web resources:

Ostia Antica Website: Below is a link to website plan, you click on a region for a color coded map (labelled by function: house, tavern, brothel, horrea). Each building has its own page with a description of the building, inscriptions, and images.

Ostia Map

In particular, Consider the Insula (apartment blocks) and houses (which vary significantly in quality and location and amenities).

Intro Houses & Apartments

Insula of Diana

Hadrianic Apartments

House of Amor & Pyche

House of Jove and Ganymede

Presentation 1: The Insula of Diana

Presentation 2: Hadrianic Apartments

Presentation 3: Houses (you may choose one or use evidence from both of these)

Topics for Presentations

1. What type of domestic building are you presenting? ( include: Location, Date, Context)

2. What amenities does it include/ exclude?

3. What does this building reveal about the standard of living in urban Italy?

4. How different is domestic space from public space?

5. How does this type of building compare with modern definitions of an "apartment" or "house."

Topics for discussion groups

You should aim to look at a broader range of buildings including a few examples from Rome as well as other houses and apartment buildings from Ostia (happy hunting on the Ostia website). It may be more helpful for each of you to focus on one or two examples ( an apartment or a house) as well.

1. What information is absent from the surviving remains? 

2. Does the archaeological record corroborate literary accounts of urban living (e.g. Juvenal, Satires 3.190-211 or Aulus Gellius Attic Nights 15.1 )?

3. Did living in a house represent a higher standard of living than an apartment?

Bibliography *** (See also the bibliography for Essay question 5!)

Barton, I. M., ed., Roman Domestic Buildings (1996)

G. Calza & G. Becatti, Ostia (Rome) [DG 70 08].

Clarke, J.R., The Houses of Roman Italy (1991).

Ellis, S. P., Roman Housing (2000).

Hales, S. The Roman House and Social Identity (Cambridge, 2003)

Laurence, R. & Wallace-Hadrill, A., Domestic Space in the Roman World (1997)

*R. Meiggs, Roman Ostia (2nd ed. 1973: Oxford University Press: Oxford), chapters 2, 13 [DG 70.08 + e-book]

McKay, A. M., Houses, Villas and Palaces in the Roman World (paperback ed. 1998).

J. Packer, ‘Housing and population in imperial Ostia and Rome’, Journal of Roman studies 57 (1967) 80-95

Packer, J. E. (1971) The insulae of imperial Ostia. MAAR 31. Rome, The American Academy in Rome.

J. Patterson in Ancient Rome (eds) Coulston and Dodge. “Living and death in ancient Rome” 260-280.

SEMINAR 3 (Term 2, Week 4) Funerary Monuments in Rome

Choose your own funerary monument (you may work in pairs or 3a) and design a tutorial with a bibliography, questions and a powerpoint.