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The Basics of Neurodiversity & Disability

What is Neurodiversity?

Neurodiversity is an umbrella term for dyspraxia, dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyscalculia, autistic spectrum, and Tourette syndrome.

Under the Equality Act 2010 Link opens in a new windowthese are considered to be a disability). It’s estimated that roughly 1 in 7 people in the UK are neurodivergent. Meaning their brain functions, learns and processes information differently than others.

The make up of Neurodiversity

Below we have included some examples of neurodiversity including key traits/experiences and support available. Please remember that every single person is different and while we do try to list some key traits/experiences, each person will have a unique experience. 

What is a Disability?

The Equality Act states, "you’re disabled under the Equality Act 2010 if you have a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities".

Models of Disability

The Social Model of Disability - a way of viewing the world, developed by disabled people. The social model helps us recognise barriers that make life harder for disabled people. Removing these barriers creates equality and offers disabled people more independence, choice and control. Read MoreLink opens in a new window

Learn more about the models of disability (click here) Link opens in a new window

The Social Model of Disability Factsheet – Inclusion LondonExternal link (Opens in a new tab or window)) Link opens in a new window


Autism Spectrum ConditionLink opens in a new windowLink opens in a new window

"What are some experiences associated with Autism?" 

  • Differences in social communication
  • Difficulties with executive functioning (eg. planning, organisation, breaking down tasks, remembering to attend appointments)
  • Focused interests and hobbies
  • Meltdowns and/or shutdowns
  • Repetitive movements and behaviour

(descriptions by Autism at Warwick)

Read here to read what autistic students wish you knewLink opens in a new window

Click here for session slides on Inclusive teaching for autistic and neurodivergent students - by Sophie Kitching, founder and ex-President of Autism at Warwick, current Disabled Students' Officer

Michael Cavaliere, current President of Autism at Warwick from the Warwick Social Inclusion 2022 conference.

Link opens in a new windowClick here to find out more