This page outlines the PhD projects for which we are recruiting in 2017/18. The awards will include the payment of academic fees at the Home/EU rate and a maintenance grant in line with the UK Research Council stipend. Applicants must have obtained or be expected to obtain at least an upper second class honours degree (or equivalent) from a recognised institution of higher education before 31 July 2018.
Rotation of a levitating nanodiamond containing a spin qubit
We had found that our nanodiamonds heat up to destruction when we pump out the air that was taking away the energy absorbed from the trapping laser . However, we have solved this problem with nanodiamonds that are 1000 times purer, so absorb less of the trapping light . Our lab in Warwick also benefits from several other NV- experiments for quantum technology focused on nanoscale and bulk magnetometry both at room temperature and in helium cryostats. The goal of this project is to adapt our levitated nanodiamond experiment for detecting rotational oscillations of the nanodiamond. To achieve this you will begin by setting
up optical detectors which can see the higher rotational vibration frequency of around 1 MHz instead of our current work with the 100 kHz translational motion. High vacuum is required to increase the quality factor of these vibrations, and to reach this you will implement a “feedback cooling” scheme that has been used in several labs worldwide. You will add in a small homogeneous magnetic field so that the rotational motion of the nanodiamond couples to the electron spin of the NV- . You will then have the chance to explore whether the diamond’s rotational state can be in a quantum superposition of clockwise and counterclockwise.
This would be significant for our understanding of quantum mechanics as the diamond would be the most massive object that has ever been put into a superposition state by several orders of magnitude.
Full funding is available from the Royal Society for 4 years at standard research council rates (stipend plus fees). You would start on your project in the lab from day one without doing an initial Masters course. For informal enquiries, please contact Gavin Morley (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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A Study of the Relaxation Dynamics of Local Vibrational Modes Associated with Hydrogen in Diamond
Knowledge of excited state lifetimes would be terrifically useful. For example we are currently unable to relate the strength of a C-H local vibrational mode to the concentration of the defect in diamond, for all except one defect where charge transfer has allowed calibration. The radiative lifetime relates the strength of the absorption to the concentration of the defect. Thus the lifetime information is vitally important for determining the amount of hydrogen incorporated in different defects in diamond. Furthermore, we know little about the mechanism(s) for the diffusion of hydrogen in diamond. Control of impurity diffusion is an important element in materials processing and device fabrication technologies. Thermal annealing is unselective and unwanted diffusion of a specific species may be stimulated while endeavouring to activate diffusion of another. It would be highly desirable to diffuse a specific species only (selective diffusion). It may be possible by irradiation with the resonant frequency could cause excitation of a C-H local vibrational mode to selectively enhance the diffusion of hydrogen in diamond. Since the optical excitation time should be short compared to the relaxation time knowledge of later would be terrifically useful. This PhD project combines time resolved pump-probe techniques, to measure the excited state lifetimes of a number of local vibrational modes, with a range of other spectroscopic measurements to investigate some of the outstanding hydrogen related defect identification, quantification and interaction issues in diamond. The project will involve working with a number of collaborators, both academic and industrial, and making use of strong existing links with theoretical researchers investing defect dynamics.
Contact: Mark Newton (email@example.com)