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Week 8

Week 8. Upending the Strategic Map, II: Muhammad Ali, the Eastern Question and the Defence of British India

Mini lecture

Core Seminar Readings:

Primary Sources:

1-‘Henry Ellis’ Memorandum on the Designs of Mehemet ‘Ali,’ reprinted in John B. Kelly, Britain and the Persian Gulf (Oxford: Clarendon, 1968).

2-John Bowing, ‘Anglo-Turkish war; Egypt and Syria’, Westminster Review 35, no. 1 (1841): 187-224.

Secondary Sources:

Jonathan Parry, Chap. 6 ‘Constantinople, London, the Eastern Crisis, and the Middle East,’ in Promised Lands: The British and the Ottoman Middle East (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2022).

Khaled Fahmy, “The Era of Muhammad `Ali Pasha, 1805-1848,” In The Cambridge History of Egypt: Modern Egypt, from 1517 to the End of the Twentieth Century (ed. M.W. Daly; Cambridge University Press, 1998)

Further Readings:

Khaled Fahmy, All the Pasha’s Men: Mehmed Ali, His Army, and the Making of Modern Egypt (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2002).

A. L. Macfie, The Eastern Question (London: Longman, 1996)

Donald Quataert, The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Huseyin Yilmaz, ‘The Eastern Question and the Ottoman Empire: The Genesis of the Near and Middle East in the Nineteenth Century,’ in Michael E. Bonine, Abbas Amanat, and Michael Ezekiel Gasper (eds.), Is There a Middle East? The Evolution of a Geopolitical Concept (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011).

Michelle Tusan, ‘Britain and the Middle East: New Historical Perspectives on the Eastern Question,’ History Compass 8, no.3 (2010): 212-222.

Ozan Ozavci, Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798–
1864 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021).

Elie Kedourie, ‘Britain, France, and the Last Phase of the Eastern Question,’ Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science 29, no. 3, (1969): 189-197.

Milos Kovic, Disraeli and the Eastern Question (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Leslie Rogne Schumacher, ‘The Eastern Question as a Europe question: Viewing the ascent of ‘Europe’ through the lens of Ottoman decline,’ Journal of European Studies 44, no.1 (2014).

Virginia H. Aksan, Ottoman Wars, 1700–1870: An Empire Besieged (Harlow, UK: Longman, 2007).

M. S. Anderson, The Eastern Question, 1774–1923 (London: Macmillan, 1966).

P. E Caquet, The Orient, the Liberal Movement, and the Eastern Crisis of 1839–41 (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016).

Edward Ingram, In Defence of British India: Great Britain in the Middle East, 1775–1842 (London: Frank Cass, 1984).