Identifying the value of children and young people’s time for use in economic evaluations
In studies that adopt a wide, societal perspective, it is important that all salient inputs and costs are accounted for, including 'opportunity costs' incurred by individuals due to displaced (work or leisure) time. However, there are few insights into how to estimate the opportunity cost of displaced time in children and young people (CYP). Through 6 interrelated work packages, this project aims to produce knowledge and methods that will help researchers to value and include CYP’s time-related costs in economic evaluations. Find out more about the project here.
PAD Optimisation, an NIHR HS&DR funded programme of work, is approaching completion. This novel project is working out the best places to install public access defibrillators (PADs) to ensure good coverage of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. As part of this, Dr Lazaros Andronis and Dr Asmaa El-Banna have been an economic model to assessing which of various ‘optimised’ placement of PADs represents ‘value for money’. Find out more about PAD Optimisation here.
Development of a UK evidence based pathway for the management of chronic constipation in adults. CapaCiTY includes a programme of multicentre randomised controlled trials trial evaluating types of investigation, specialist nurse-led bowel retraining, anal irrigation and surgery, in patients with chronic constipation. Findings will help to develop national guidance for appropriate care.
This study describes a new methodological framework for assessing agreement between cost-effectiveness endpoints generated using alternative sources of data on treatment costs and effects for trial-based economic evaluations. Please find the package that is described in the paper hereLink opens in a new window.
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Jason Madan, and a team of researchers from the Universities of Ibadan (Nigeria) and Birmingham, have published their findings from a Discrete Choice Experiment on what influences of slum residents’ choices of healthcare providers for common illnesses.
Rebecca Kandiyali (as Chief investigator) has recently completed FLASH, a multi-method study evaluating the implementation of flash glucose monitoring sensors within the NHS for children and adolescents with paediatric type 1 diabetes. This study provides evidence to support the continued reimbursement of flash monitors on the NHS for children and young people.
- Working with colleagues at the MRI (Manchester), James Mason recently completed the PROCAP trial which evaluated: a procalcitonin-based algorithm to guide antibiotic use in patients with acute pancreatitis. Motivated by the need to reduce increased antibiotic resistance, the trial found that procalcitonin-guided care can reduce antibiotic use without increasing infection or harm in patients with acute pancreatitis.
- Peter Auguste and Jason Madan, together with colleagues from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and LVCT Health (Nairobi), developed a decision model to show that investing in community quality improvement was a cost-effective way to improve maternal and child health in Kenya.
- A methodological study undertaken by a team including Melina Dritsaki, Felix Achana, James Mason and Stavros Petrou explored the use of Baseline Health-Related Quality of Life Data within Trial-Based Economic Evaluations of Interventions.
Find all our publications here.