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Publications (2011-2024)

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Publications (1983-1997)Link opens in a new window | Publications (1998-2010Link opens in a new window) | Publications (2011-2024) | Google Scholar Citations | PubMed |


  1. Cappuccio FP. Population reduction in salt intake for the prevention of cardiovascular disease: the "Four Imperatives". Top Italian Scientists Journal 2024; 1(2): 1-13. 
  2. Gibbs J, Cappuccio FP. Common nutritional shortcomings in vegetarians and vegans. Dietetics 2024; 3(2): 114-128
  3. Lange MG, Neophytou C, Cappuccio FP, Barber TM, Johnson S, Chen Y-F. Sex differences in the association between short sleep duration and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2024; (in press).
  4. Pigazzani F, Dyar KA, Morant SV, Vetter C, Rogers A, Flynn RWV, Rorie DA, Mackenzie IS, Cappuccio FP, Manfredini R, MacDonald TM. Effect of timed dosing of usual antihypertensives according to patient chronotype on cardiovascular outcomes: the Chronotype sub-study cohort of the Treatment in Morning versus Evening (TIME) study. eClinicalMedicine 2024; 72: 102633.


  1. Ali D, Tran P, Ennis S, Powell R, McGuire S, McGregor G, Kimani PK, Weickert MO, Miller MA, Cappuccio FP, Banerjee P. Rising arterial stiffness with accumulating comorbidities associates with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. ESC Heart Failure 2023; 10: 2487-2498.
  2. Campbell NRC, Whelton PK, Orias M, Wainford RD, Cappuccio FP, Ide N, Neal B, Cohn J, Cobb LK, Webster J, Trieu K, He FJ, McLean RM, Blanco-Metzler A, Woodward M, Kahn N, Kokubo Y, Nederveen L, Arcand JA, MacGregor GA, Owolabi M, Lisheng L, Parati G, Lackland DT, Charchar FJ, Williams B, Tomaszewski M, Romero CA, Champagne B, L'Abbè MR, Weber MA, Schlaich MP, Fogo A, Feigin VL, Akinyemi R, Inserra F, Menon B, SimasM, Neves MF, Hristova K, Pullen C, Pandeya S, Ge J, Jalil JE, Wang J-G, Wideimsky J, Kreutz R, Wenzel U, Stowaser M, Arango M, Protogerou A, Gkaliagkousi E, Fuchs FD, Patil M, Chang AW-K, Nemcsik J, Tsuyuki RT, Narasingan SN, Sarrafzadegan N, Ramos ME, Yeo N, Rakugi H, Ramirez AJ, Estevez GA, Berbari A, Kim C, Ihm S-H, Chia Y-C, Unurjargal T, Park HK, Wahab K, McGuire H, Dashdorj NJ, Ishaq M, Ona DID, Mercado-Asis LB, Prejbisz A, Leenaerts M, Simão C, Pinto F, Almustafa BA, Spaak J, Farsky S, Lovic D, Zhang X-H. 2022 World Hypertension League, Resolve To Save Lives and International Society of Hypertension dietary sodium (salt) global call to action. J Hum Hypertens 2023; 37: 428-437.
  3. Campbell NRC, Cappuccio FP, McLean RM, He FJ, MacGregor GA. Comment on Hogas et al. Salt, Not Always a Cardiovascular Enemy? A Mini-Review and Modern Perspective. Medicina 2023; 59(1): 51 (and Authors' reply).
  4. Campbell NRC, He FJ, McLean RM, Cappuccio FP, MacGregor GA. Less sodium and more potassium to reduce cardiovascular risk and the PURE study. Eur Heart J Open 2023; 3: 1-2 (letter)
  5. Campbell NRC & Cappuccio FP. The critical need for high quality research on dietary sodium. WHL Newsletter; 2023; September; p.16
  6. Cappuccio FP, D'Elia L, Rakovac I. Spot urine samples and estimation of population salt intake: the return of the phoenix? J Hypertens 2023; 41: 869-71
  7. D'Elia L, Cappuccio FP, Masulli M, La Fata E, Rendina D, Strazzullo P, Galletti F. Effect of potassium supplementation on endothelial function: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. Nutrients 2023; 15(4): 853
  8. Gibbs J, Cappuccio FP. Diet quality vs meat exclusion for improving blood pressure. JAMA Network Open 2023; 6 (7): Aug 8 (Comment)
  9. Gibbs J, Cappuccio FP. Efficacious but what about effective? JAMA Network Open 2023; 6 (11): Dec 5 (Comment)
  10. Kwong EJL, Whiting S, Bunge AC, Leven Y, Breda J, Rakovac I, Cappuccio FP, Wickramasinghe K. Population level salt intake in the WHO European Region in 2022: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr 2023; 26(S1): S6-S19. Link opens in a new window
  11. Mancia G, Cappuccio FP, Burnier M, Coca A, Persu A, Borghi C, Kreutz R, Sanner B. Perspectives on improving blood pressure control to reduce the clinical and economic burden of hypertension. J Intern Med 2023; 294 (3): 251-268.
  12. Marakis G, Marques Domingues A, Crispo A, Magriplis E, Vasara E, Kontopoulou L, Triantafyllou C, Skepastianos P, Papadopoulou S, Rodopaios NE, Hassapidou M, Zampelas A, Cappuccio FP, Breda J. Pertinence of salt-related knowledge and reported behaviour on salt intake in adults: a cross-sectional study. Nutrients 2023; 15(19): 4114.
  13. Maximova K, Elizondo EL, Rippin H, Breda J, Cappuccio FP, Hajihosseini M, Wickramasinghe K, Novik I, Pisaryk V, Sturua L, Aklmatova A, Obreja G, Mustafo SA, Ekinci B, Erguder T, Shukurov S, Hagverdieyev G, Andreasyan D, Ferreira-Borges C, Whiting S, Fedkina N, Rakovac I. Exploring educational inequalities in hypertension control, salt knowledge and awareness, and patient advice: insights from the WHO STEPS Surveys of adults from nine eastern European and central Asian countries. Public Health Nutrition 2023; 26 (S1): s20-s31 (doi:10.1017/S1368980023000356).


  1. Andrews F, Reid ER, Khan IM & Cappuccio FP (eds). Abstracts of the 4th Annual Graduate Entry Research in Medicine Conference. AIJR Publishers, 2022; pp. 1-32 [ISBN 978-81-954993-6-6]
  2. Campbell NRC, He FJ, Cappuccio FP, MacGregor GA, McLean R. Levels of dietary sodium intake: diverging associations with arterial stiffness and atheromatosis. Concerning about the evidence review and methods. Hellenic J Cardiol 2022; 63: 92-93 [letter].
  3. Campbell NRC, Cappuccio FP, McLean RM. Concerns about estimating the health impact of salt targets for foods. Hypertension 2022; April 22; Comment
  4. Campbell NRC, He FJ, McLean RM, Cappuccio FP, Woodward M, MacGregor GA, Guichon J, Mitchell I. Addressing inaccurate, scientifically unsupported and repeated statements and claims about reducing dietary sodium. J Hypertens 2022; 40: 1831-6.
  5. Cappuccio FP, Campbell NRC, He FJ, Jacobson MF, MacGregor GA, Antman EM, Appel LJ, Arcand JA, Blanco-Metzler A, Cook NR, Guichon JR, L'Abbè MR, Lackland DT, Lang T, McLean RM, Miglinas M, Mitchell I, Sacks FM, Sever PS, Stampfer M, Strazzullo P, Sunman W, Webster J, Whelton PK, Willett WC. Sodium and health: old myths, and a controversy based on denial. Curr Nutr Rep 2022; 11:172–184.
  6. D'Elia L, Masulli M, Cappuccio FP, Zarrella AF, Strazzullo P, Galletti F. Dietary potassium intake and risk of diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Nutrients 2022; 14(22): 4785.
  7. Gibbs J & Cappuccio FP. Plant-Based Dietary Patterns for Human and Planetary Health. Nutrients 2022; 14, 1614.
  8. Maj C, Salvi E, Citterio L, Borisov O, Simonini M, Glorioso V, Barlassina C, Glorioso N, Thijs L, Kuznetsova T, Cappuccio FP, Zhang Z-Y, Staessen JA, Cusi D, Lanzani C, Manunta P. Dissecting the polygenetic basis of primary hypertension: identification of key pathway-specific components. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine (Section Hypertension) 2022; 9: 814502;
  9. Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Reply to Hu et al. Significant association of obstructive sleep apnoea with increased risk of fatal COVID-19. Sleep Med Rev 2022; 63: 101625.
  10. Stokes K, Castaldo R, Federici C, Pagliara S, Maccaro A, Cappuccio FP, Fico G, Salvatore M, Franzese M, Pecchia L. The use of artificial intelligence systems in diagnosis of pneumonia via signs and symptoms: a systematic review. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control 2022; 75: 103325.
  11. Stokes K, Oronti B, Cappuccio FP, Pecchia L. Use of technology to prevent, detect, manage, and control hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. BMJ Open 2022; 12: e058840.
  12. Zakauskiene U, Macioniene E, Zabuliene L, Sukackiene D, Linkeviciute-Dumce A, Banys V, Bratcikoviene N, Karosiene D, Slekiene V, Kontrimas V, Simanauskas K, Utkus A, Brazdziunaite D, Migline V, Makarskiene I, Zurlyte I, Rakovac I, Breda J, Cappuccio FP, Miglinas M. Sodium, potassium and iodine intake in an adult population in Lithuania. Nutrients 2022; 14: 3817.


  1. Caleyachetty R, Barber TM, Mohammed NI, Cappuccio FP, Hardy R, Mathur R, Banerjee A, Gill P. Ethnicity-specific BMI cutoffs for obesity based on type 2 diabetes risk: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Diab Endocrinol 2021; 9(7): 419-426. See NIHR Alert - See Online Comment - Podcast
  2. Campbell NRC, He FJ, Cappuccio FP, MacGregor GA. Dietary sodium 'controversy': issues and potential solutions. Curr Nutr Rep 2021; 10: 188-199.
  3. Campbell NRC, He FJ, McLean RM, Woodward M, MacGregor GA, Cappuccio FP. Dietary sodium and cardiovascular disease in China: concerns about the methods, conclusions, and evidence review. J Hypertens 2021; 39(7): 1466-1467. [letter]
  4. Cappuccio FP. Is blood pressure measurement an essential clinical skill? [Editorial] J Hypertens 2021; 39: 417-419 (Invited Editorial Comment)
  5. Cappuccio FP. The 'Four imperatives' of population salt reduction. Arterial Hypertension 2021; 30(1): 13-19. [Review]
  6. Clarke L, Chisholm K, Cappuccio FP, Tang NK, Miller MA, Elahi F, Thompson AD. Sleep disturbances and the At-Risk mental state: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research 2021; 227: 81-91.
  7. Gibbs J, Gaskin E, Ji C, Miller MA, Cappuccio FP. The effect of plant-based dietary patterns on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled intervention trials. J Hypertens 2021; 39 (1): 23-37. (Video abstractLink opens in a new window).
  8. Guo Y, Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Short duration of sleep and incidence of overweight or obesity in Chinese children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2021; 31: 363-371.
  9. McDonnell BJ, Rees E, Cockcroft JR, Beaney T, Clayton B, Kieu PL, Brady AJB, Padmanabhan S, McCallum L, Dolan E, O'Brien E, Tomaszewski M, Schutte AE, Poulter NR, Cappuccio FP, on behalf of the International Society of Hypertension and British and Irish Hypertension Society. May Measurement Month 2019: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. Eur Heart J 2021; 23 (suppl. B): B147-B150.
  10. Miller MA, Cappuccio FP. A systematic review of COVID-19 and obstructive sleep apnoea. Sleep Med RevLink opens in a new window 2021; 55: 101382.
  11. Miller MA, Bates S, Ji C, Cappuccio FP. Systematic review and meta-analyses of the relationship between short sleep and incidence of obesity and effectiveness of sleep interventions on weight gain in preschool children. Obesity Reviews 2021; 22: e13113.
  12. World Health Organization. How to obtain measures of population-level sodium intake in 24-hour urine samples. WHO Office for Europe, Copenhagen, 2021; pp. 1-39. WHO/EURO:2021-2333-42088-57949 (Author: Cappuccio FP).


  1. Al-Mawali A, D’Elia L, Jayapal SK, Morsi M, Al-Shekaili WN, Pinto AD, Al-Kharusi H, Al-Balushi Z, Idikula J, Al-Harrasi A and Cappuccio FP. A national survey to estimate sodium and potassium intake, and knowledge attitudes and behaviours towards salt consumption of adults in the Sultanate of Oman. BMJ Open 2020; 10: e037012
  2. Cappuccio FP, Siani A. Covid-19 and cardiovascular risk: susceptibility to infection to SARS-CoV-2, severity and prognosis of Covid-19 and blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. An evidence-based viewpoint. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2020; 30: 1227-1235.
  3. Cappuccio FP. Confusion over CPR in patients with Covid-19. Br Med J 2020; 369: m1805 (from Response to: Covid-19: Doctors are told not to perform CPR on patients in cardiac arrest. Br Med J 2020; 368: m1282) (letter)
  4. Cappuccio FP. The role of nocturnal blood pressure and sleep quality in hypertension management. European Cardiology Review 2020; 15: e60.
  5. D'Elia L, Giaquinto A, Cappuccio FP, Iacone R, Russo O, Strazzullo P, Galletti F. Circulating leptin is associated with serum uric acid level and its tubular reabsorption in a sample of adult middle-aged men. J Endocrinol Invest 2020; 43: 587-593.
  6. Gibbs J, Cappuccio FP. More data emerges on the global need for plant-based food systems. Br Med J 2020; 370: m2322; on-line (letter)
  7. Lawson AJ, Hameed MA, Brown R, Cappuccio FP, George S, Hinton T, Kapil V, Lenart J, Lobo MD, Martin U, Menon M, Nightingale A, Rylance PB, Webb DEJ, Dasgupta I. Non-adherence to antihypertensive medications is related to pill burden in apparent treatment resistant hypertensive individuals. J Hypertens 2020; 38(6): 1165-1173.
  8. Maluf CB, Barreto SM, Giatti Goncalves L, Vidigal PG, Ji C, Cappuccio FP, Miller MA. Association between C-reactive protein with all-cause mortality in ELSA-Brasil cohort. J Epidemiol Comm Health 2020; 74: 421-427.
  9. McDonnell BJ, Beaney T, Al Shezawi M, Cockcroft JR, Barciela C, Tay T, Keitley J, Brady AJB, Padmanabhan S, McCallum L, Dolan E, O'Brien E, Tomaszewski M, Schutte AE, Poulter NR and Cappuccio FP on behalf of the International Society of Hypertension and British and Irish Hypertension Society. May Measurement Month 2018: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from the UK and the Republic of Ireland. Eur Heart J 2020; 22 (suppl. H): H132-H134.
  10. McGrath A, Reid ER, Cunningham CDG, Khan IM, Cappuccio FP & Gadie A. (eds). Abstracts of the 3rd Annual Graduate Entry Research in Medicine Conference AIJR Publishers 2020. [ISBN: 978-81-947843-1-9].
  11. Rito AI, Mendes S, Santos M,Goiana-da-Silva F, Cappuccio FP, Whiting S, Dinis A, Rascôa C, Castanheira I, Darzi A, Breda J. Salt reduction strategies in Portuguese school meals, from preschool to secondary education – The Eat Mediterranean Program. Nutrients 2020; 12: 2213.
  12. Sletten TL, Cappuccio FP, Davidson AJ, Van Cauter E, Rajaratnam SMW, Sheer FAJL. Health consequences of circadian disruption. Sleep 2020; 43(1): zsz194.
  13. World Health Organization. Accelerating salt reduction in Europe. A country support package to reduce population salt intake in the WHO European Region. WHO Office for Europe, Copenhagen, 2020; pp.1-54 (Writing group: Cappuccio FP).


  1. Ali D, Callan N, Ennis S, Powell R, McGuire S, McGregor G, Weickert MO, Miller MA, Cappuccio FP, Banerjee P. The Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) Pathophysiology, observational Study (IDENTIFY-HF): does increased arterial stiffness associate with HFpEF, in addition to ageing and vascular effects of co-morbidities? Rationale and design. BMJ Open 2019; 9: e027984.
  2. Baselmans BML, Jansen R, Ip HF, van Dongen J, Abdellaoui A, van de Weijer MP, Bao Y, Smart M, Kumari M, Willemsen G, Hottenga JJ; BIOS consortium; Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, Boomsma DI, de Geus EJC, Nivard MG, Bartels M. (includes Cappuccio FP). Multivariate genome-wide analyses of the well-being spectrum. Nature Genetics 2019; 51(3):445-451.
  3. Beaney T, Burrell LM, Castillo RR, Charchar FJ, Cro S, Damasceno A, Kruger R, Nilsson PM, Prabhakaran D, Ramirez AJ, Schlaich MP, Schutte AE, Tomaszewski M, Touyz R, Wang J-G, Weber MA, Poulter NR, on behalf of the MMM Investigators§ (§includes Cappuccio FP). May Measurement Month 2018: a pragmatic global screening campaign to raise awareness of blood pressure by the International Society of Hypertension. Eur Heart J 2019; 40: 2006-2017
  4. Campbell NRC, He FJ, Tan M, Cappuccio FP, Neal B, Woodward M, Cogswell ME, McLean R, Arcand J, MacGregor G, Whelton P, Jula A, L'Abbe M, Cobb LK, Lackland DT. The International Consortium for Quality Research on Dietary Sodium/Salt (TRUE) position statement on the use of 24-hour, spot and short duration (<24-hours) timed urine collections to assess dietary sodium intake. J Clin Hypertens 2019; 21: 700-709
  5. Campbell NRC, Webster J, Blanco A, He FJ, Tan M, MacGregor GA, Cappuccio FP, Arcand Ja, Trieu K, Farrand C, Jones A, Whelton PK, Zhang X-H. Packages of Sodium (Salt) sold for consumption and salt dispensers should be required to have a front of package health warning label. A position statement of the World Hypertension League, national and international health and scientific organizations. J Clin Hypertens 2019; 21: 1623-1625.
  6. Cappuccio FP, Sever PS on behalf of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. Reply to Chiolero: salt intake monitoring at a population level. J Hum Hypertens 2019; on-line Oct 22 (letter)
  7. Cappuccio FP, Sever PS on behalf of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. The importance of a valid assessment of salt intake in individuals and populations. A scientific statement of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. J Hum Hypertens 2019; 33: 345-348
  8. Cappuccio FP. The Journal of Human Hypertension becomes the official journal of the British and Irish Hypertension Society. J Hum Hypertens 2019; 33: 255
  9. Cappuccio FP, Beer M, Strazzullo P on behalf of the European Salt Action Network. Population dietary salt reduction and the risk of cardiovascular disease. A scientific statement from the European Salt Action Network. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2019; 29: 107-114.
  10. D'Elia L, Brajovic M, Klisic A, Breda J, Jewell J, Cadjenovic V, Cappuccio FP on behalf of Salt Consumption Survey in Montenegro Study Group. Sodium and potassium intake, knowledge attitudes and behaviour towards salt consumption, amongst adults in Podgorica, Montenegro. Nutrients 2019; 11: 160.
  11. D'Elia L, Obreja G, Ciobanu A, Breda J, Jewell J, Cappuccio FP on behalf of the Salt Consumption Survey in the Republic of Moldova Study Group. Sodium, potassium and iodine intake in a national adult population sample of the Republic of Moldova. Nutrients 2019; 11: 2896.
  12. Karlsson Linnér R, Biroli P, Kong E, Meddens SFW, Wedow R, Fontana MA, Lebreton M, Tino SP, Abdellaoui A, Hammerschlag AR, Nivard MG, Okbay A, Rietveld CA, Timshel PN, Trzaskowski M, Vlaming R, Zünd CL, Bao Y, Buzdugan L, Caplin AH, Chen CY, Eibich P, Fontanillas P, Gonzalez JR, Joshi PK, Karhunen V, Kleinman A, Levin RZ, Lill CM, Meddens GA, Muntané G, Sanchez-Roige S, Rooij FJV, Taskesen E, Wu Y, Zhang F; 23and Me Research Team; eQTLgen Consortium; International Cannabis Consortium; Social Science Genetic Association Consortium†, Auton A, Boardman JD, Clark DW, Conlin A, Dolan CC, Fischbacher U, Groenen PJF, Harris KM, Hasler G, Hofman A, Ikram MA, Jain S, Karlsson R, Kessler RC, Kooyman M, MacKillop J, Männikkö M, Morcillo-Suarez C, McQueen MB, Schmidt KM, Smart MC, Sutter M, Thurik AR, Uitterlinden AG, White J, Wit H, Yang J, Bertram L, Boomsma DI, Esko T, Fehr E, Hinds DA, Johannesson M, Kumari M, Laibson D, Magnusson PKE, Meyer MN, Navarro A, Palmer AA, Pers TH, Posthuma D, Schunk D, Stein MB, Svento R, Tiemeier H, Timmers PRHJ, Turley P, Ursano RJ, Wagner GG, Wilson JF, Gratten J, Lee JJ, Cesarini D, Benjamin DJ, Koellinger PD, Beauchamp JP. (includes Cappuccio FP). Genome-wide association analyses of risk tolerance and risky behaviors in over 1 million individuals identify hundreds of loci and shared genetic influences. Nature Genetics 2019; 51(2): 245-257
  13. Leng Y, Musiek ES, Hu K, Cappuccio FP, Yaffe K. Association between circadian rhythms and neurodegenerative diseases. Lancet Neurology 2019; 18: 307-318
  14. Lobo MD, Sharp ASP, Kapil V, Davies J, de Belder MA, Cleveland T, Bent C, Chapman N, Dasgupta I, Levy T, Marthur A, Matson M, Saxena M, Cappuccio FP. Joint UK Societies’ 2019 Consensus Statement on Renal Denervation, on behalf of the British & Irish Hypertension Society, the British Cardiovascular Society, the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society, the British Society of Interventional Radiology and the Renal Association. Heart 2019; 105: 1456-1463.
  15. McDonnell BJ, Keitley J, Beaney T, Tay T, Brady AJB, Padmanabhan S, Cockcroft JR, Dolan E, Heagerty A, Greenstein A,Tomaszewski M, Schutte AE, Poulter NR, Cappuccio FP on behalf of the International Society of Hypertension and British and Irish Hypertension Society. May Measurement Month 2017: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland - Europe. Eur Heart J 2019; 21 (suppl. D): D121-3
  16. Modesti PA, Marzotti I, Rapi S, Rogolino A, Cappuccio FP, Zhao D, Costanzo G, Galanti G, Boddi M. Daily urinary sodium and potassium excretion in Chinese first-generation migrants in Italy. Int J Cardiol 2019; 286: 175-80


  1. Banerjee D, Plange-Rhule J, Chitalia N, Kumi K, Micah FB, Cappuccio FP, Eastwood JB. Pulse pressure relationships with demographics and kidney function in Ashanti, Ghana. Int J Hypertens 2018; Article ID 7864564.
  2. Cappuccio FP, D'Elia L, Obreja G, Ciobanu A. Dietary intake salt survey in the Republic of Moldova 2016. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, 2018; pp. 1-108
  3. Cappuccio FP. Section 44.6. Sodium and potassium intake, blood pressure and cardiovascular prevention. In: The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, Third edition. AJ Camm, TF Luscher, G Maurer, PW Serruys eds. Oxford University Press, 2018.
  4. Cappuccio FP, D'Elia L. Evaluating population salt reduction programs worldwide: the risk of cutting corners! Public Health Nutrition 2018; 21(12): 2161-3
  5. Cappuccio FP. The 'scent' and 'flavour' of hypertension. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2018; 28: 884-6 (Viewpoint)
  6. Cappuccio FP. Is individual responsibility the answer to optimising sleep at work to improve safety? Br Med J 2018; 7 Mar (letter)
  7. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA, Lockley SW, Rajaratnam SMW (Eds.) Sleep, Health and Society: from aetiology to public health. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press 2018; pp. 1-253 (ISBN 978-0-19-877824-0)
  8. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA, Lockely SW, Rajaratnam SMW. Chapter 1. Sleep, health and society: the contribution of epidemiology. In: Sleep, Health and Society: from aetiology to public health. 2nd edition. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA, Lockley SW, Rajaratnam SMW (Eds.) Oxford University Press 2018; 3-9
  9. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA. Chapter 8. Sleep and cardio-metabolic disease. In: Sleep, Health and Society: from aetiology to public health. 2nd edition. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA, Lockley SW, Rajaratnam SMW (Eds.) Oxford University Press 2018; 67-79
  10. Dzudie A, Ojji D, Damasceno A, Sani MU, Kramoh E, Kacou JBA, Anisiuba B, Ogola E, Awad M, Nel G, Otieno H, Toure A, Kane A, Kengne AP, Ngwasiri C, Ba H, Kingue S, Mipinda B, Mbolla BE, Weldehana A, Bukachi F, Gitura B, Kitio B, Rayner B, Shutte AE, Mocumbi AO, Mayosi B, Jose A, Sandeep B, Weber M, Delles C, Cappuccio FP, Gamra H, Prabhakaran D, Poulter N, Subhani S. Development of the certificate course in the management of hypertension in Africa (CCMH-Africa): proceedings of the first continental faculty meeting, Nairobi, Kenya, 25-26 February 2018. Cardiovasc J Africa 2018; 29(5): 331-4.
  11. Faculty of Public Health of the Royal College of Physicians of the United Kingdom. Salt: position statement. (FP Cappuccio leading writing group); 2018
  12. Lee JJ, Wedow R, Okbay A, Kong E, Maghzian O, Zacher M, Nguyen-Viet TA, Bowers P, Sidorenko J, Karlsson Linnér R, Fontana MA, Kundu T, Lee C, Li H, Li R, Royer R, Timshel PN, Walters RK, Willoughby EA, Yengo L, Social Science Genetic Association Consortium†, 23andMe Research Team, COGENT (Cognitive Genomics Consortium), Alver M, Bao Y, Clark DW, Day FR, Furlotte NA,, Joshi PK, Kemper KE, Kleinman A, Langenberg C, Mägi R, Trampush JW, Verma S, Wu Y, Max Lam M, Zhao JH, Zheng Z, Boardman JD, Campbell H, Freese J, Mullan Harris K, Hayward K, Herd P, Kumari M, Lencz T, Luan J, Malhotra AK, Metspalu A, Milani L, Ong KK, Perry JRB, Porteous DJ, Ritchie MD, Smart MC, Smith BH, Tung JY, Wareham NJ, Wilson JF, Beauchamp JP, Conley DC, Esko T, Lehrer SF, Magnusson PKE, Oskarsson S, Pers TH, Robinson MR, Thom K, Watson C, Chabris CF, Meyer MN, Laibson DI, Yang J, Johannesson M, Koellinger PD, Turley P, Visscher PM, Benjamin DJ, Cesarini D. (includes Cappuccio FP). Gene discovery and polygenic prediction from a genome-wide association study of educational attainment in 1.1 million individuals. Nature Genetics 2018; 50: 1112-21.
  13. Miller MA, Kruisbrink M, Wallace J, Ji C, Cappuccio FP. Sleep duration and incidence of obesity in infants, children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sleep 2018; 41(4): zsy018.
  14. Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Chapter 19. Sleep disturbances, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. In: Nutritional and therapeutic interventions for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. 2nd edition. D. Bagchi & S Nair eds. Elsevier Academic Press (London, San Diego, Cambridge, Oxford), 2018; pp. 235-247.
  15. Modesti PA, Cappuccio FP, Parati G eds. Ethnic Diversities, Hypertension and Global Cardiovascular Risk. Springer Nature; 2018.
  16. Modesti PA, Agyemang C, Cappuccio FP, Parati G. Chapter 11. Disparities in Hypertension in the ethnic minority groups; beneficial aspects of minority ethnic group cultures. In: Ethnic Diversities, Hypertension and Global Cardiovascular Risk. Modesti PA, Cappuccio FP, Parati G eds. Springer Nature; 2018, pp. 139-153
  17. Montesinos L, Castaldo R, Cappuccio FP, Pecchia L. Day-to-day variations in sleep quality affect standing balance in healthy adults. Nature Scientific Reports 2018; 8: 17504.
  18. Plange-Rhule J, Kerry SM, Eastwood JB, Micah FB, Antwi S, Cappuccio FP. Blood pressure and haematological indices in twelve communities in Ashanti, Ghana. Int J Hypertens 2018; Article ID 5952021
  19. Turley P, Walters RK, Maghzian O, Okbay A, Lee JJ, Fontana MA, Nguyen-Viet TA, Wedow R, Zacher M, Furlotte NA; 23andMe Research Team; Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, Magnusson P, Oskarsson S, Johannesson M, Visscher PM, Laibson D, Cesarini D, Neale BM, Benjamin DJ. (includes Cappuccio FP). Multi-trait analysis of genome-wide association summary statistics using MTAG. Nature Genetics 2018; 50(2):229-237 (Erratum in: Nat Genet. 2019 Jul;51(7):1190. Nat Genet. 2019 Aug;51(8):1295) 
  20. World Health Organization. How to obtain measures of population-level sodium intake in 24-hour urine samples. World Health Organization / Regional Office of the Eastern Mediterranean, WHO-EM/NUT/279/E, 2018; pp. 1- 51 (Author: Cappuccio FP)


  1. Cappuccio FP, Campbell NRC. Population dietary salt reduction and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a commentary on recent evidence. J Clin Hypertens 2017; 19(1): 4-5
  2. Cappuccio FP & Miller MA. Sleep and cardio-metabolic disease. Curr Cardiol Rep 2017; 19: 110
  3. D’Elia L, Cappuccio FP, Iacone R, Russo O, Galletti F, Strazzullo P. Altered renal sodium handling and risk of incident hypertension: results of the Olivetti Heart Study. PLoS ONE 2017; 12(2): e0171973.
  4. European Heart Network. Transforming European food and drink policies for cardiovascular health. European Heart Network, Brussels, 2017; pp. 1-137 (Cappuccio FP in writing group)
  5. Hendriksen M, Geleijnse JM, van Raaij JMA, Cappuccio FP, Cobiac LC, Scarborough P, Nusselder WJ, Jaccard A, Boshuizen HC. Identification of differences in health impact modelling of salt reduction. PLoS ONE 2017; 12(11): e0186760.
  6. Hyseni L, Elliot-Green A, Lloyd-Williams F, Kypridemos C, O'Flaherty M, McGill R, Orton L, Bromley H, Cappuccio FP, Capewell S. Systematic review of dietary salt reduction policies: evidence for an effectiveness hierarchy? PLoS ONE 2017; 12(5): e0177535
  7. Kruisbrink M, Robertson W, Ji C, Miller MA, Geleijnse JM, Cappuccio FP. Association of sleep duration and quality with blood lipids: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ Open 2017; 7: e018585
  8. TRUE Consortium (inTernational consoRtium for qUality resEarch on dietary sodium/salt)†(Cappuccio FP in writing group). Recommended standards for assessing blood pressure in human research where blood pressure or hypertension is a major focus. J Clin Hypertens 2017; 19: 108-113.
  9. Vasara E, Marakis G, Breda J, Skepastianos P, Hassapidou M, Kafatos A, Rodopaios N, Koulouri A, Cappuccio FP. Sodium and potassium intake in healthy adults in Thessaloniki Greater Metropolitan Area;the SING (Salt Intake in Northern Greece) Study. Nutrients 2017; 9(4): 417.

  10. Webster J, Waqanivalu T, Arcand JA, Trieu K, Cappuccio FP, Appel LJ, Woodward M, Campbell NRC, McLean R. Understanding the science that supports population-wide salt reduction programs. J Clin Hypertens 2017; 19: 569-576.


  1. Anderson CS, Robinson T, Lindley RI, Arima H, Lavados PM, Lee T-H, Broderick JP, Chen X, Chen G, Sharma VK, Kim JS, Thang NH, Cao Y, Parsons MW, Levi C, Huang Y, Olavarria VV, Demchuck AM, Bath PM, Donnan GA, Martins S, Pontes-Neto OM, Silva F, Ricci S, Roffe C, Pandian J, Billot L, Woodward M, Li Q, Wang X, Wang J, Chalmers J, for the ENCHANTED Investigators and Coordinators* (*includes Cappuccio FP). Low-Dose versus Standard-Dose intravenous Alteplase in acute ischemic stroke. N Engl J Med 2016; 374: 2313-2323
  2. Campbell NRC & Cappuccio FP. Dietary salt and blood pressure: verdict is clear, so why any debate? Hypertension Journal 2016; 2(2): 57-59

  3. Cappuccio FP. Salt and cardiovascular disease. Lancet 2016; 388: 2112 (letter)
  4. Cappuccio FP. Polar Views in Nephrology. Pro: Reducing salt intake at population level: is it really a public health priority? Nephrology Dialysis & Transplantation 2016; 31: 1392-1396
  5. Cappuccio FP. Polar Views in Nephrology. Con: Reducing salt intake at population level: is it really a public health priority? Opponent's comments. Nephrology Dialysis & Transplantation 2016; 31: 1403-1404
  6. Cappuccio FP, Buchanan LA, Ji C, Siani A, Miller MA. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled clinical trials on the effects of potassium supplementation on serum potassium and creatinine. BMJ Open 2016; 6: e011716.
  7. Cappuccio FP & Miller MA. Cardiovascular disease and hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa: burden, risk and interventions. Internal & Emergency Medicine 2016; 11(3): 299-305.

  8. Fisher DL, Plange-Rhule J, Moreton M, Eastwood JB, Kerry SM, Micha F, Johnston A, Cappuccio FP, MacPhee IAM. CYP3A5 as a candidate gene for hypertension: no support from an unselected indigenous West African population. J Hum Hypertens 2016; 30: 778-782.

  9. Leng Y, Cappuccio FP, Surtees PG, Luben R, Brayne C, Khaw K-T. Daytime napping, sleep duration and increased 8-year risk of type 2 diabetes in a British population. Nutr Met Cardiovasc Dis 2016; 26: 996-1003

  10. Leng Y, Wainwright NWJ, Cappuccio FP, Surtees PG, Hayat S, Luben R, Brayne C, Khaw K-T. Daytime napping and increased risk of incident respiratory diseases: symptom, marker or risk factor? Sleep Medicine 2016; 23: 12-15

  11. Marioni RE, Ritchie SJ, Joshi PK, Hagenaars SP, Okbay A, Fischer K, Adams MJ, Hill WD, Davies G; Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, Nagy R, Amador C, Läll K, Metspalu A, Liewald DC, Campbell A, Wilson JF, Hayward C, Esko T, Porteous DJ, Gale CR, Deary IJ.(includes Cappuccio FP). Genetic variants linked to education predict longevity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 2016;113(47): 13366-13371.
  12. Modesti PA, Reboldi G, Cappuccio FP, Agyemang C, Remuzzi G, Rapi S, Perruolo E, Parati G, ESH Working Group on CV Risk in Low Resource Settings. Panethnic differences in blood pressure in Europe: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 2016; 11(1): e0147601.

  13. Okbay A, Beauchamp JP, Fontana MA, Lee JJ, Pers TH, Rietveld CA, Turley P, Chen G-B, Emilsson V, Meddens SFW, Oskarsson S, Pickrell JK, Thom K, Timshel P, de Vlaming R, Abdellaoui A, Ahluwalia TS, Bacelis J. Baumbach C, Bjornsdottir G, Brandsma JH, Concas MP, Derringer J, Furlotte NA, Galesloot TE, Girotto G, Gupta R, Hall LM, Harris SH, Hofer E, Horikoshi M, Huffman JE, Kaasik K, Kalafati IP, Karlsson R, Kong A, Lahti J, van der Lee SJ, de Leeuw C, Lind PA, Lindgren K-O, Liu T, Mangino M, Marten J, Mihailov E, Miller MB, van der Most PJ, Oldmeadow C, Payton A, Pervjakova N, Peyrot WJ, Qian Y, Raitakari O, Rueedi R, Salvi E, Schmidt B, Schraut KE, Shi J, Smith AV, Poot RA, St Pourcain B, Teumer A, Thorleifsson G, Verweij N, Vuckovic D, Wellmann J, Westra H-J, Yang J, Zhao W, Zhu Z, Alizadeh BZ, Amin N, Bakshi A, Baumeister SE, Biino G, Bønnelykke K, Boyle PA, Campbell H, Cappuccio FP, Davies G, De Neve J-E, Deloukas P, Demuth I, Ding J, Eibich P, Eisele L, Eklund N, Evans DM, Faul JD, Feitosa MF, Forstner AJ, Gandin I, Gunnarsson B, Halldórsson BV, Harris TB, Heath AC, Hocking LJ, Holliday EG Homuth G, Horan MA, Hottenga J-J, de Jager PL, Joshi PK, Jugessur A, Kaakinen MA, Kähönen M, Kanoni S, Keltigangas-Järvinen L, Kiemeney LALM, Kolcic I, Koskinen S, Kraja AT, Kroh M, Kutalik Z, Latvala A, Launer LJ, Lebreton MP, Levinson DF, Lichtenstein P, Lichtner P, Liewald DCM, LifeLines Cohort Study, Loukola A, Madden PA, Mägi R, Mäki-Opas T, Marioni RE, Marques-Vidal P, Meddens GA, McMahon G, Meisinger C, Meitinger T, Milaneschi Y, Milani L, Montgomery GW, Myhre R, Nelson CP, Nyholt DR, Ollier WER, Palotie A, Paternoster L, Pedersen NL, Petrovic KE, Porteous DJ, Räikkönen K, Ring SM, Robino A, Rostapshova O, Rudan I, Rustichini A, Salomaa V, Sanders AR, Sarin A-P, Schmidt H, Scott RJ, Smith BH, Smith JA, Staessen JA, Steinhagen-Thiessen E, Strauch K, Terracciano A, Tobin MD, Ulivi S, Vaccargiu S, Quaye L, van Rooij FJA, Venturini C, Vinkhuyzen AAE, Völker U, Völzke H, Vonk JM, Vozzi D, Waage J, Ware EB, Willemsen G, Attia JR, Bennett DA, Berger K, Bertram L, Bisgaard H, Boomsma DI, Borecki IB, Bultmann U, Chabris CF, Cucca F, Cusi D, Deary IJ, Dedoussis GV, van Duijn CM, Eriksson JG, Franke B, Franke L, Gasparini P, Gejman PV, Gieger C, Grabe H-J, Gratten J, Groenen PJF, Gudnason V, van der Harst P, Hayward C, Hinds DA, Hoffmann W, Hypponen E, Iacono WG, Jacobsson B. Järvelin M-R, Jöckel K-H, Kaprio J, Kardia SLR, Lehtimäki T, Lehrer SF, Magnusson PKE, Martin NG, McGue M, Metspalu A, Pendleton N, Penninx BWJH, Perola M, Pirastu N, Pirastu M, Polasek O, Posthuma D, Power C, Province MA, Samani NJ, Schlessinger D, Schmidt R, Sørensen TIA, Spector TD, Stefansson K,Thorsteinsdottir U, Thurik AR, Timpson NJ, Tiemeier H, Tung JY, Uitterlinden AG, Vitart V, Vollenweider P, Weir DR, Wilson JF, Wright AF, Conley DC, Krueger RF, Davey Smith G, Hofman A, Laibson DI, Medland SE, Meyer MN, Yang J, Johannesson M, Visscher PM, Esko T, Koellinger PD, Cesarini D, Benjamin DJ. Genome-wide association study identifies 74 loci associated with educational attainment. Nature 2016; 533: 539-542.

  14. World Health Organization. SHAKE The Salt Habit. The SHAKE Technical Package for Salt Reduction. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2016; pp. 1-60 [ISBN 978 92 4 151134 6]


  1. Campbell NRC, Correa-Rotter R, Cappuccio FP, Webster J, Lackland DT, Neal B, MacGregor GA. Proposed nomenclature for salt intake and for reductions in dietary salt. J Clin Hypertens 2015; 17: 247-251
  2. Cappuccio FP, Capewell S. Facts, issues and controversies in salt reduction for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Functional Food Reviews 2015; 7(1): 41-61.
  3. Cappuccio FP, Ji C, Donfrancesco C, Palmieri L, Ippolito R, Vanuzzo D, Giampaoli S, Strazzullo P. Geographic and socio-economic variation of sodium and potassium intake in Italy. Results from the MINISAL-GIRCSI programme. BMJ Open 2015: 5: e007467
  4. Ji C, Lu T, Dary O, Legetic B, Campbell NRC & Cappuccio FP on behalf of the Sub-Group for Research & Surveillance of the PAHO/WHO Regional Expert Group for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention through population-wide Dietary Salt Reduction. Systematic review of studies comparing 24-hour versus spot urine collections for estimating population iodine intake. Pan American Journal of Public Health 2015; 38(1): 73-81

  5. Leng Y, Cappuccio FP, Wainwright NWJ, Surtees PG, , Luben R, Brayne C, Khaw K-T. Sleep duration and riskof fatal and non-fatal stroke: a prospective study and meta-analysis. Neurology 2015; 84: 1072-9
  6. Tang NKY, Lereya ST, Boulton H, Miller MA, Wolke D, Cappuccio FP. Non-pharmacological treatments of insomnia for people with long-term painful conditions. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the patient-reported outcomes in randomized controlled trials. Sleep 2015; 38 (11): 1751-1764


  1. Cappuccio FP, Capewell S, He FJ, MacGregor GA. Salt: the dying echoes of the food industry. Am J Hypertension 2014; 27(2): 279-81
  2. Campbell NRC, Appel LJ, Cappuccio FP, Correa-Rotter R, Hankey GJ, Lackland DT, MacGregor GA, Neal B, Niebylski ML, Webster J, Willis KJ, Woodward M. A call for quality research on salt intake and health: from the World Hypertension League and Supporting Organizations. J Clin Hypertension 2014; 16(7): 469-71
  3. Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases Collaboration (*). (* includes Cappuccio FP). Cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes mortality burden of cardiometabolic risk factors from 1980 to 2010: a comparative risk assessment. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2014; 2(8): 634-47.
  4. Hlastan Ribič C, Zakotnik JM, Seljak BK, Poličnik R, Blaznik U, Fidler Mis N, Eržen I, Ji C, Cappuccio FP. Estimation of sodium availability in food in Slovenia: results from household food purchase data from 2000 to 2009. Slovenian Journal of Public Health 2014; 53: 209-19
  5. Hunt BD & Cappuccio FP. Potassium intake and stroke risk. A review of the evidence and practical considerations for achieving a minimum target. Stroke 2014; 45: 1519-22
  6. Ji C & Cappuccio FP. Socio-economic inequality in salt intake in Britain 10 years after a national salt reduction programme. BMJ Open 2014; 4: e005683
  7. Ji C, Miller MA, Venezia A, Strazzullo P & Cappuccio FP. Comparisons of spot vs 24-h urine samples for estimating salt intake: validation study in two independent population samples of adults in Britain and Italy. Nutrition Metabolism & Cardiovascular Disease 2014; 24: 140-7
  8. Leng Y, Ahmadi-Abhari S, Wainwright NWJ, Cappuccio FP, Surtees PG, Luben R, Brayne C & Khaw K-T. Daytime napping, sleep duration and serum C-reactive protein: a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open 2014; 4: e006071

  9. Leng Y, Wainwright NWJ, Cappuccio FP, Surtees PG, Luben R, Wareham N, Brayne C, Khaw K-T. Self-reported sleep patterning in a British population cohort. Sleep Medicine 2014; 15: 295-302
  10. Leng Y, Wainwright NWJ, Cappuccio FP, Surtees PG, Hayat S, Luben R, Brayne C, Khaw K-T. Daytime napping and 13-year mortality in a British population-based cohort. Am J Epidemiol 2014; 179(9): 1115-24

  11. Miller MA, Wright H, Ji C &, Cappuccio FP. Cross-sectional study of sleep quantity and quality and amnestic and non-amnestic cognitive function in an ageing population: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). PLOS ONE 2014; 9(6): e100991

  12. Miller MA, Smith G, O’Keeffe A, Cappuccio FP. Chapter 36. Sutained short sleep and risk of obesity. Evidence in children and adults. In: Handbook of Obesity, vol. 1, 3rd edn, GA Bray & C Bouchard eds. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis group, Boca Raton, 2014; pp. 397-410.

  13. Miller MA, Wright H, Hough J, Cappuccio FP. Chapter 1. Sleep and cognition. In: Sleep and its disorders affect society. C Idzikowsky ed. InTech Publishers, 2014; pp. 3-28 [ISBN 978-953-51-1725-4]
  14. Modesti PA, Agostoni P,Agyemang C, Basu S, Benetos A, Cappuccio FP, Ceriello A, Del Prato S, Kalyesubula R, O’Brien E, Ochan Kilama M, Perlini S, Picano E, Reboldi G, Remuzzi G, Stuckler D, Twagirumukiza M, Van Bortel LM, Watfa G, Zhao D, Parati G. Cardiovascular risk assessment in low resource settings. A consensus document of the European Society of Hypertension Working Group on Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk in Low Resource Settings. Journal of Hypertension 2014; 32: 951-60
  15. NHS National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Prevention of cardiovascular disease. Evidence update 2014. NICE Public Health Guidance update 50, January 2014 (FP Cappuccio: Writing Group Member)

  16. Pounis G, Di Castelnuovo AF, de Lorgeril M, Krogh V, Siani A, Arnout J, Cappuccio FP, van Dongen M, Zappacosta B, Donati MB, de Gaetano G, Iacoviello L on behalf of the European Collaborative group of the IMMIDIET Project. Folate intake and folate serum levels in men and women from two European populations: The IMMIDIET project. Nutrition 2014; 30: 822-30
  17. Pounis G, de Lorgeril M, Salen P, Laporte F, Krogh V, Siani A, Arnout J, Cappuccio FP, van Dongen M, Donati MB, de Gaetano G, Iacoviello L on behalf of the European Collaborative group of the IMMIDIET Project. Dietary patterns and fatty acid levels of three European populations. Results from the IMMIDIET study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2014; 24: 883-90

  18. Rodriguez-Fernandez R, Siopa M, Simpson SJ, Amiya RM, Breda J & Cappuccio FP. Current salt reduction policies across gradients of inequality-adjusted human development in the WHO European region: minding the gaps. Public Health Nutrition 2014; 17(8): 1894-904
  19. World Health Organization. Salt reduction and iodine fortification strategies in public health. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2014; pp. 1-34 (ISBN 978-92-4-150669-4)


  1. Aburto NJ, Hanson S, Gutierrez H, Hooper L, Elliott P, Cappuccio FP. Effect of increased potassium intake on cardiovascular risk factors and disease: systematic review and meta-analyses. British Medical Journal 2013; 346: f1378

  2. Aburto NJ, Ziolkovska A, Hooper L, Elliott P, Cappuccio FP, Meerpohl J. Effect of lower sodium intake on health outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis. British Medical Journal 2013; 346: f1326

  3. Cappuccio FP & Miller MA. Sleep and mortality: cause, consequence or symptom? Sleep Medicine 2013; 14: 587-8
  4. Cappuccio FP. Cardiovascular and other effects of salt consumption. Kidney International 2013; Suppl. 3: 312-5
  5. Cappuccio FP, Neal B, Campbell NRC, MacGregor GA. Salt: friend or foe? Lancet 2013; 382: 683 (letter)
  6. Cappuccio FP, Capewell S, Strazzullo P, Sunman W. Salt intake and cardiovascular disease: compelling evidence so hard to accept. Eur Heart J 2013; May 8: on-line (letter)
  7. Danaei G, Singh GM, Paciorek CJ, Lin JK, Cowan MJ, Finucane MM, Farzadfar F, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Lu Y, Rao M, Ezzati M; Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group (*). (*includes Cappuccio FP). The global cardiovascular risk transition: associations of four metabolic risk factors with national income, urbanization, and Western diet in 1980 and 2008. Circulation 2013;127(14): 1493-502, 1502e1-8.
  8. Evans DM, Brion MJ, Paternoster L, Kemp JP, McMahon G, Munafò M, Whitfield JB, Medland SE, Montgomery GW; GIANT Consortium (*); CRP Consortium; TAG Consortium, Timpson NJ, St Pourcain B, Lawlor DA, Martin NG, Dehghan A, Hirschhorn J, Smith GD. (*includes Cappuccio FP). Mining the human phenome using allelic scores that index biological intermediates. PLoS Genet 2013; 9(10): e1003919.
  9. Ji C, Kandala N-B & Cappuccio FP. Spatial variation of salt intake in Britain and association with socio-economic status. British Medical J Open 2013; 3: e002246
  10. Ji C, Dary O, Campbell NR, Cappuccio FP. Spot and overnight urine are inappropriate to assess population sodium intake. Pan American Journal of Public Health 2013; 34(4): 283 (letter)
  11. Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Chapter 18. Sleep quantity and quality and the risk of type-2 diabetes. In: Handbook of Nutrition, Diet and Sleep. VR Preedy, VB Patel & L-A Le eds. Human Health Handbooks n.3, Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2013, pp.271-8 (ISBN: 978-90-8686-208-5)
  12. Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in sleep deprived people. Journal of Human Hypertension 2013; 27: 583-8
  13. Pan American Health Organization. Salt Smart America: A Guide for Country-Level Action. Washington, DC : PAHO, 2013; pp. 1-159 (ISBN 978-92-75-11769-9)(Cappuccio FP in writing group)
  14. Schnell O, Cappuccio FP, Genovese S, Standl E, Valensi P, Ceriello A. Type 1 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular Diabetology 2013; 12: 156
  15. Vimaleswaran KS, Berry DJ, Lu C, Tikkanen E, Pilz S, Hiraki LT, Cooper JD, Dastani Z, Li R, Houston DK, Wood AR, Michaëlsson K, Vandenput L, Zgaga L, Yerges-Armstrong LM, McCarthy MI, Dupuis J, Kaakinen M, Kleber ME, Jameson K, Arden N, Raitakari O, Viikari J, Lohman KK, Ferrucci L, Melhus H, Ingelsson E, Byberg L, Lind L, Lorentzon M, Salomaa V, Campbell H, Dunlop M, Mitchell BD, Herzig KH, Pouta A, Hartikainen AL; Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits-GIANT Consortium (*), Streeten EA, Theodoratou E, Jula A, Wareham NJ, Ohlsson C, Frayling TM, Kritchevsky SB, Spector TD, Richards JB, Lehtimäki T, Ouwehand WH, Kraft P, Cooper C, März W, Power C, Loos RJ, Wang TJ, Järvelin MR, Whittaker JC, Hingorani AD, Hyppönen E. (*includes Cappuccio FP). Causal relationship between obesity and vitamin D status: bi-directional mendelian randomization analysis of multiple cohorts. PLoS Med 2013; 10(2): e1001383
  16. World Health Organization. Mapping salt reduction initiatives in the WHO European Region. Copenhagen, World Health Organization (WHO) 2013; pp. 1-50 (Cappuccio FP in writing group)


  1. Arnaud J, de Lorgeril M, Akbaraly T, Salen P, Arnout J, Cappuccio FP, van Dongen MCJM, Donati MB, Krogh V, Siani A, Iacoviello L on behalf of the European Collaborative Group of the IMMIDIET Project. Gender differences in copper, zinc and selenium status in diabetic-free metabolic syndrome European population: the IMMIDIET study. Nutrition Metabolism & Cardiovascular Disease 2012; 22: 517-24
  2. Barbato A, Galletti F, Iacone R, Cappuccio FP, Rossi G, Ippolito R, Venezia A, Farinaro E, Strazzullo P on behalf of The Olivetti Heart Study Research Group. Predictors of resistant hypertension in an unselected sample of adult male population in Italy. Internal & Emergency Medicine 2012;doi 10.1007/s11739-011-0554-2
  3. Campbell N, Dary O, Cappuccio FP, Neufeld LM, Harding KB & Zimmermann MB. Collaboration to optimize dietary intakes of salt and iodine. A critical but overlooked public health issue (Perspectives). Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2012; 90: 73-4
  4. Campbell NRC, Dary O, Cappuccio FP, Neufeld LM, Harding KB & Zimmermann MB. Need to coordinated programs to improve global health by optimizing salt and iodine intake. Pan American Journal of Public Health 2012; 32(4): 281-6
  5. Cappuccio FP & Miller MA. A new challenge to widely held views on the role of sleep. Annals of Internal Medicine 2012; 157(8): 593-5
  6. Cappuccio FP & Ji C. Less salt and less risk of stroke: further support to action. Stroke 2012; 43: 1195-6 (Editorial)
  7. Cappuccio FP & Miller MA. Sleep duration, sleep quality and cardiovascular risk. European Heart Journal 2012; Feb 01, e-letter
  8. D'Elia L, Rossi G, Ippolito R, Cappuccio FP & Strazzullo P. Habitual salt intake and risk of gastric cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Clinical Nutrition 2012; 31: 489-498
  9. Galletti F, D’Elia L, De Palma D, Russo O, Barba G, Siani A, Miller MA, Cappuccio FP, Rossi G, Zampa G & Strazzullo P. Hyperleptinemia is associated with hypertension, systemic inflammation and insulin resistance in overweight but not in normal weight men. Nutrition Metabolism & Cardiovascular Disease 2012; 22(3): 300-6
  10. Guessous I, Dobrinas M, Kutalik Z, Pruijm M, Ehret G, Maillard M, Bergmann S, Beckmann JS, Cusi D, Rizzi F, Cappuccio FP, Cornuz J, Paccaud F, Mooser V, Gaspoz J-M, Waeber G, Burnier M, Vollenweider P, Eap C & Bochud M. Caffeine intake, and CYP1A2 variants associated with high caffeine intake, protect non-smokers from hypertension. Human Molecular Genetics 2012; 21(14): 3283-92
  11. Harte AL, da Silva NF, Miller MA, Cappuccio FP, Kelly MA, O’Hare JP, Barnett AH, Al-Daghri NM, Al-Attas SO, Alokail M, Sabico S, Tripathi G, Bellary S, Kumar S, McTernan PG. Telomere length attrition, a marker of biological senescence, is inversely correlated with triglycerides and cholesterol in South Asian males with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Experimental Diabetes Research 2012;doi:10.1155/2012/895185.
  12. Ji C, Sykes L, Paul C, Dary O, Legetic B, Campbell NRC & Cappuccio FP on behalf of the Sub-Group for Research & Surveillance of the PAHO/WHO Regional ExpertGroup for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention through population-wide Dietary Salt Reduction. Systematic review of studies comparing 24-h vs spot urine collections for estimating population salt intake. Pan American Journal of Public Health 2012; 32(4):307-15
  13. Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Chapter 13. Sleep and obesity. In: Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology and Prevention. Bagchi D & Preuss HG eds. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, 2nd Edition, 2012; pp179-190 [ISBN 9780849338021]
  14. Miller MA & Cappuccio FP. Chapter 21. Sleep, hypertension and diabetes. In: Nutritional and therapeutic interventions of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Bagchi D & Sreejayan N eds. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, Boston, Heidelberg, London, New York, Oxford, Paris, San Diego, San Francisco, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo. 2012; pp.267-78 [ISBN 978-0-12-385083-6]
  15. Miller MA, Ahuja M & Cappuccio FP. Chapter 18. Sleep and pregnancy: sleep deprivation, sleep disturbed breathing and sleep disorders in pregnancy. In: Sleep disorders. C Idzikowsky ed. INTECH Open Access Publisher, 2012. [ISBN 979-953-307-093-2]
  16. Salvi E, Kutalik Z, Glorioso N, Benaglio P, Frau F, Kuznetsova T, Arima H, Hoggart C, Tichet J, Nikitin YP, Conti C, Seidlerova J, Tikhonoff V, Stolarz-Skrzypek K, Johnson T, Devos N, Zagato L, Guarrera S, Zaninello R, Calabria A, Stancanelli B, Troffa C, Thijs L, Rizzi F, Simonova G, Lupoli S, Argiolas G, Braga D, D’Alessio MC, Ortu MF, Ricceri F, Mercurio M, Descombers P, Marconi M, Chalmers J, Harrap S, Filipovsky J, Bochud M, Iacoviello L, Ellis J, Stanton A, Laan M, Padmanabhan S, Dominiczak AF, Samani NJ, Melander O, Jeunemaitre X, Manunta P, Shabo A, Vineis P, Cappuccio FP, Caulfield MJ, Matullo G, Rivolta C, Munroe PB, Barlassina C, Staessen JA, Beckmann JS, Cusi D. Genomewide association study using a high-density single nucleotide polymorphism array and case-control design identifies a novel essential hypertension susceptibility locus in the promoter region of endothelial NO synthase. Hypertension 2012; 59: 248-55
  17. Stevens GA, Singh GM, Lu Y, Danaei G, Lin JK, Finucane MM, Bahalim AN, McIntire RK, Gutierrez HR, Cowan M, Paciorek CJ, Farzadfar F, Riley L, Ezzati M; Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group (Body Mass Index)(*). (*includes Cappuccio FP). National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences. Popul Health Metr. 2012;10(1): 22. doi: 10.1186/1478-7954-10-22.
  18. World Health Organization. Guideline: Sodium intake for adults and children. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012, pp.1-56 [ISBN 978 92 4 150483 6][Writing Group: FP Cappuccio]
  19. World Health Organization. Guideline: Potassium intake for adults and children. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012, pp.1-52 [ISBN 978 92 4 150482 9][Writing group: FP Cappuccio]
  20. Wurie HR & Cappuccio FP. Cardiovascular disease in low- and middle-income countries: an urgent priority. Ethnicity and Health 2012; 17(6): 543-550


  1. Campbell N, Cappuccio FP, Tobe SW. Unnecessary controversy regarding dietary sodium. A lot about a little. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2011; 27: 404-6 (Viewpoint)
  2. Campbell N, Correa-Rotter R, Neal B & Cappuccio FP. New evidence relating to the health impact of reducing salt intake. Nutrition Metabolism & Cardiovascular Disease 2011; 21(9): 617-9 (Position statement)
  3. Campbell N, Legowski B, Legetic B (Group member: Cappuccio FP). Mobilising the Americas for dietary salt reduction. Lancet 2011; 377: 793-5 (Editorial).
  4. Cappuccio FP, Capewell S, Lincoln P, McPherson K. Policy options to reduce population salt intake. British Medical Journal 2011; 343: 402-5
  5. Cappuccio FP, Cooper D, D’Elia L, Strazzullo P & Miller MA. Sleep duration predicts cardiovascular outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. European Heart Journal 2011; 32: 1484-9
  6. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA. Are short bad sleep nights a hindrance to a healthy heart? Sleep 2011; 34 (11): 1457-8 (Commentary)
  7. Cappuccio FP, Miller MA. Is prolonged lack of sleep associated with obesity? British Medical Journal 2011; 342: d3306. (Editorial).
  8. Cappuccio FP, Pravst I. Health claims on foods: promoting healthy food choices or high salt intake? British Journal of Nutrition 2011; 106: 1770-1 (Letter)
  9. Cappuccio FP. Section IV, Chapter 35: Relationship of dietary electrolyte intake (sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium) to blood pressure regulation and hypertension. In: Nutritional and Metabolic Basis of Cardiovascular Diseases. M Mancini, J Ordovas, G. Riccardi, P Rubba, P Strazzullo eds. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, 2011: p. 273-81 (ISBN: 9781405182768)
  10. D'Elia L, Barba G, Cappuccio FP & Strazzullo P. Potassium intake, stroke and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2011; 57(10): 1210-9
  11. Finucane MM, Stevens GA, Cowan MJ, Danaei G, Lin JK, Paciorek CJ, Singh GM, Gutierrez HR, Lu Y, Bahalim AN, Farzadfar F, Riley LM, Ezzati M, on behalf of the Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group (Body Mass Index)*. (*includes Cappuccio FP). National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9.1 million participants. Lancet 2011; 377; 557-67
  12. He FJ, Appel LJ, Cappuccio FP, de Wardener HE, MacGregor GA. Does reducing salt intake increase cardiovascular mortality? Kidney International 2011; 80: 696-8
  13. Kandala N-B, Madungu P, Emina J, Nzita PJ & Cappuccio FP. Malnutition among children under the age of five in The Democratic Republic of Congo: does geographic location matter? BMC Public Health 2011; 11: 261
  14. Speliotes EK, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Wu J, Hernaez R, Kim LJ, Palmer CD, Gudnason V, Eiriksdottir G, Garcia ME, Launer LJ, Nalls MA, Clark JM, Mitchell BD, Shuldiner AR, Butler JL, Tomas M, Hoffmann U, Hwang SJ, Massaro JM, O'Donnell CJ, Sahani DV, Salomaa V, Schadt EE, Schwartz SM, Siscovick DS; NASH CRN; GIANT Consortium(*); MAGIC Investigators, Voight BF, Carr JJ, Feitosa MF, Harris TB, Fox CS, Smith AV, Kao WH, Hirschhorn JN, Borecki IB; GOLD Consortium. (*includes Cappuccio FP). Genome-wide association analysis identifies variants associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease that have distinct effects on metabolic traits. PLoS Genet. 2011; 7(3):e1001324.
  15. Stranges S, Galletti F, Farinaro E, D'Elia L, Russo O, Iacone R, Capasso C, Carginale V, De Luca V, Della Valle E, Cappuccio FP, Strazzullo P. Associations of selenium status with cardiometabolic risk factors: an 8-year follow-up analysis of the Olivetti Heart Study. Atherosclerosis 2011; 217(1): 274-8
  16. Strawbridge RJ, Dupuis J, Prokopenko I, Barker A, Ahlqvist E, Rybin D, Petrie JR, Travers ME, Bouatia-Naji N, Dimas AS, Nica A, Wheeler E, Chen H, Voight BF, Taneera J, Kanoni S, Peden JF, Turrini F, Gustafsson S, Zabena C, Almgren P, Barker DJ, Barnes D, Dennison EM, Eriksson JG, Eriksson P, Eury E, Folkersen L, Fox CS, Frayling TM, Goel A, Gu HF, Horikoshi M, Isomaa B, Jackson AU, Jameson KA, Kajantie E, Kerr-Conte J, Kuulasmaa T, Kuusisto J, Loos RJ, Luan J, Makrilakis K, Manning AK, Martínez-Larrad MT, Narisu N, Nastase Mannila M, Ohrvik J, Osmond C, Pascoe L, Payne F, Sayer AA, Sennblad B, Silveira A, Stancáková A, Stirrups K, Swift AJ, Syvänen AC, Tuomi T, van 't Hooft FM, Walker M, Weedon MN, Xie W, Zethelius B; DIAGRAM Consortium; GIANT Consortium (*); MuTHER Consortium; CARDIoGRAM Consortium; C4D Consortium, Ongen H, Mälarstig A, Hopewell JC, Saleheen D, Chambers J, Parish S, Danesh J, Kooner J, Ostenson CG, Lind L, Cooper CC, Serrano-Ríos M, Ferrannini E, Forsen TJ, Clarke R, Franzosi MG, Seedorf U, Watkins H, Froguel P, Johnson P, Deloukas P, Collins FS, Laakso M, Dermitzakis ET, Boehnke M, McCarthy MI, Wareham NJ, Groop L, Pattou F, Gloyn AL, Dedoussis GV, Lyssenko V, Meigs JB, Barroso I, Watanabe RM, Ingelsson E, Langenberg C, Hamsten A, Florez JC. (*includes Cappuccio FP). Genome-wide association identifies nine common variants associated with fasting proinsulin levels and provides new insights into the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes. 2011; 60(10): 2624-34.
  17. van Dongen MCJM, Lentjes MAH, Wijckmans NEG, Dirckx C, Lemaitre D, Achten W, Celis M, Sieri S, Arnout J, Buntinx F, Siani A, Cappuccio FP, de Lorgeril M, Iacoviello L, Dagnelie PC on behalf of the European Collaborative Group of the IMMIDIET Project. Validation of a food-frequency questionnaire for Flemish and Italian-native subjects in Belgium: The IMMIDIET Project. Nutrition 2011; 27(3): 302-9
  18. World Health Organization. Strategies to monitor and evaluate population sodium consumption and sources of sodium in the diet: report of a joint technical meeting convened by WHO and the Government of Canada. Canada, October 2010. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2011; pp. 1-40 (ISBN 978-92-4-150169-9)(Writing group: Cappuccio FP)
  19. WHO/PAHO Regional Expert group for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention through Population-wide Dietary Salt Reduction. Improving public health in the Americas by optimizing sodium and iodine intakes. WHO/PAHO, Washington, DC; 2011; pp. 1-31 (Writing Group: Cappuccio FP).