The double burden of malnutrition among adolescents: analysis of data from the Global School-Based Student Health and Health Behavior in School-Aged Children surveys in 57 low- and middle-income countries
Rishi Caleyachetty, G N Thomas, Andre P Kengne, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Samantha Schilsky, Juneida Khodabocus, Ricahrdo Uauy
Adults and young children in countries experiencing the nutrition transition are known to be affected simultaneously by undernutrition and overnutrition. Adolescence is a critical period for growth and development. Yet, it is unknown to what extent this double burden of malnutrition affects adolescents in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and the macrolevel contextual factors associated with the double burden of malnutrition
Agricultural change in Copper Age Croatia (ca. 45002500 cal B.C)?
The Copper Age in the Carpathian Basin is marked by a distinct change in settlement patterns, material culture, social traditions and subsistence practices; however, few studies address the nature of crop cultivation in the region. This paper examines new archaeobotanical data from 13 Copper Age (ca. 4500–2500 cal BC) sites located in continental Croatia, in order to assess the extent to which crop agriculture may have changed and contributed to overall subsistence economies in the Copper Age.
Agricultural Innovation: Lessons from Medicine
Today, it is widely acknowledged that agriculture is at a crossroads. The need for greater productivity to cope with a growing population and changing consumer demands - coupled with the necessity that this be done sustainably by reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions - presents a number of challenges.
Inspired by the successes of the Green Revolution in the 20th century, which saw global cereal production double over the course of 30 years or so, greater levels of research-driven innovation have been promoted as offering a solution to these twin crises; yet this method is not without its own problems.
A number of publications in recent years have pointed to there being a failure to 'translate' the basic science conducted by agricultural and horticultural scientists into effective technologies 'on the ground'.
This paper considers what lessons the agricultural knowledge & innovation system (AKIS) can learn from medical research translation by reviewing recent literature on translational science and implementation. It is hoped that such a synthesis will contribute to agri-innovation policy formation in the UK.