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The Power of the Past: Amnesia and Commemoration in Film, Fiction and Public Monuments

Fulbrook, Mary, German National Identity after the Holocaust (Cambridge, 1999).

Frei, Norbert, Adenauer's Germany and the Nazi Past: The Politics of Amnesty and Integration (New York, 2002).

Herf, Jeffrey, Divided Memory: The Nazi Past in the Two Germanys (Cambridge, Mass., 1997).

Niven, Bill, Facing the Nazi Past: United Germany and the Legacy of the Third Reich (London, 2002).

Welzer, Harald, Grandpa wasn't a Nazi


Evans, Richard J., In Hitler's Shadow: West German Historians and the Attempt to Escape from the Nazi Past (London, 1989).

Maier, Charles S., The Unmasterable Past: History, Holocaust and German National Identity (Cambridge, Mass., 1997).

Goldhagen debate

Goldhagen, Daniel J., Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust (New York, 1996).

Eley, Geoff (ed.), The Goldhagen Factor

Shandley, Robert R. (ed.), Unwilling Germans? The Goldhagen Debate (Minneapolis and London, 1998).


Cole, Tim, Images of the Holocaust: The Myth of the 'Shoah Business' (London, 1999).

Finkelstein, Norman G., The Holocaust Industry: Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering (London, 2000).

Young, James E., The Art of Memory: Holocaust Memorials in History (New York, 1994).