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Royal Policies under Mary and Elizabeth

For discussion:

What were the aims of the Marian persecution? Who drove it? Could it have succeeded?

Was there any consistency in Elizabethan policy towards the Catholic community?

Why were Mary’s and Elizabeth’s approaches so different?


C. Haigh, English Reformations (1993), chs.12-13

R Tittler, The Reign of Mary Tudor (1983)- ‘seminar study’ series

A.G. Dickens, The English Reformation (1964), ch.14 (argues Mary was bound to fail).

J. Guy, Tudor England (1990), ch.8

D Loades, The Reign of Mary Tudor (1991)- a pessimistic view

D Loades, ‘The Enforcement of Reaction’, in his Politics, Censorship and the English Reformation (1991)

J Loach, ‘Mary Tudor and the Re-Catholicisation of England’, History Today (Nov. 1994)- critique of the Loades/Dickens line.

G Alexander, ‘Bonner and the Marian Persecutions’ in Haigh, ed., English Reformation Revised; also in History (1975)

E. Duffy, Fires of Faith. Catholic England under Mary Tudor (2009) Argues that Mary could have succeeded.

E. Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars (1992), ch. 16; reprinted in P. Marshall, ed., Impact of the English Reformation.

P. Marshall, Reformation England 1480-1642 (2003)

S. Brigden, London and the Reformation (1989), ch. 14.

J.J. Scarisbrick, The English People and the English Reformation (1984), ch. 7.

W. Monter, ‘Heresy executions in Reformation Europe 1520-1565’ in OP Grell & B Scribner, eds., Tolerance and Intolerance in the European Reformation (1996): the wider context



D.MacCulloch, The Later Reformation (1990)

C. Haigh, Elizabeth I (1988), ch. 2 (‘The Queen and the Church)

N.Jones, The Birth of the Elizabethan Age (1993), chs.2-5.

W.Haugaard, Elizabeth and the English Reformation (1968)

C. Marsh, Popular Religion in Sixteenth-Century England (1998), esp. chs. 4-5.

P. Marshall, Reformation England 1480-1642 (2003)

Elizabeth & Catholics

J. Coffey, Persecution and Toleration in Protestant England 1558-1689 (2000), ch. 4.

A.Dures, Elizabethan Catholicism (1983)

C. Haigh, English Reformations, chs. 14-15

P. McGrath Papists and Puritans (1967)

N.L. Jones, Faith by Statute: Parliament and the Settlement of Religion 1559 (1982)

E. Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars, ch. 17.

J Bossy, The English Catholic Community (1975)

J Bossy, ‘The Character of Elizabethan Catholicism’, Past & Present (1962) and in T Aston, ed., Crisis in Europe (1975). Bossy’s work is more germane to later seminar topics, but relevant here too for arguing the near ‘extinction’ of the old Catholic church.