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Laudianism/Arminianism and Anti-Catholicism

For discussion:

Why did anti-Catholicism become the ‘nearest thing to a national ideology’ in this period? What was the balance between religious, political and other factors?

How were many people able to be both anti-Catholic and willing to live peaceably with their Catholic neighbours?

Why, and how fairly, were the Laudians smeared as ‘popish’?


R Clifton, ‘Fear of Popery’ in C. Russell, ed., Origins of the English Civil War

R Clifton, ‘The popular fear of Catholics during the English Revolution’, Past & Present 51 (1971)

P Lake, ‘Anti-Popery: the structure of a prejudice’ in R Cust & A Hughes, eds., Conflict in Early Stuart England (1989)

C Wiener, ‘The Beleaguered Isle. A Study of Elizabethan and early Stuart Anti-Catholicism’, Past & Present 51 (1971)

T Cogswell, ‘England and the Spanish Match’, in R Cust & A Hughes, eds, Conflicting Early Stuart England.

A Walsham, The Fatal Vesper: Providentialism and anti-popery in late Jacobean London’, Past & Present, 144 (1994)

C Hibbard, ‘Early Stuart Catholicism: Revisions and Re-Revisions’, in Journal of Modern History, 52 (1980)

B Capp ‘The political dimension of apocalyptical thought’, in C Patrides & J Wittreich, eds., The Apocalypse (1984)

C Hill, Antichrist in the 17th Century (ch. 1, pope as Antichrist)

W Haller, Foxe’s ‘Book of Martyrs’ and the Elect Nation (last chapter)

D Cressy, Bonfires and Bells: National Memory and the Protestant Calendar in Elizabethan and Stuart England (1989) (anti-Catholicism as part of national/popular culture)

R Bauckham, Tudor Apocalypse (1978) (theological dimension)

P Lake, ‘The Significance of the Elizabethan identification of the pope as Antichrist’, Journ. of Ecclesiastical History, 31(1980)

M Ingram, ‘From Reformation to Toleration’ Popular religious cultures in England, 1540-1690’, in Tim Harris, ed., Popular culture in England 1500-1850 (1995)

P Lake ‘Deeds against Nature: Cheap print, Protestantism and murder in early seventeenth-century England’, in K Sharpe & P Lake, eds., Culture and Politics in Early Stuart England (1994)

On Laud and the Arminians:

G Bernard, ‘The Church of England 1529-1642’, History, 75 (1990)

D Cressy, ‘Conflict, Consensus and the Willingness to Wink’, Huntington Library Quarterly, 51 (1998)

Julian Davies, The Caroline Captivity of the Church (1992)

A Foster, ‘Church Policies of the 1630s’, in R Cust and A Hughes, eds., Conflict in Early Stuart England (1989)

P Lake, ‘Puritanism, Arminianism and a Shropshire Axe-Murder’, Midland History 15 (1990)

C Marsh, ‘Sacred Space in England,1580-1640’, Journ. of Ecclesiastical History, 53 (2002)

Kevin Sharpe, The Personal Rule of Charles I (1992)

N Tyacke, , ‘Puritanism, Arminianism and Counter-Revolution’, in C Russell, ed, The Origins of the English Civil War (1975)

N Tyacke, Anti-Calvinists: the Rise of English Arminianism 1590-1640 (1987)

N Tyacke, Aspects of English Protestantism 1530-1700 (2001)

A Walsham, ‘The Parochial Roots of Laudianism Revisited’, Journ. of Ecclesiastical History, 49 (1998)

John Walter, Understanding Popular Violence in the English Revolution (1999), chaps.5, 6 8 (anti-Laudianism, anti-popery)