Summary: in this seminar we move straight on to address the local impact of reforms introduced by the government of Henry VIII’s son and success, Edward VI in 1547-53. This will involve assessing the balance of continuity and rupture between Henrician and Edwardian reform, and thinking about which reforming policies (positively or negatively) affected local communities most deeply. We will also return to the theme of popular protest and resistance, assessing its scale and significance in these years.
Seminar and essay questions:
a) Account for the relative compliance of parish communities with the directives of central government.
b) Was the dissolution of the chantries a disaster for parish life?
Overviews in Marshall, Reformation England; Ryrie, Age of Reformation
E Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars, chs 13-15.
--------, The Voices of Morebath: Reformation & Rebellion in an English Village (2001), ch-6
-------, ‘The End of it All: The Material Culture of the Medieval English Parish and the 1552 Inventories of Church Goods’, in C Burgess and E Duffy, eds., The Parish in Late Medieval England (2006)
R Hutton, ‘The Local Impact of the Tudor Reformations’, in C Haigh ed., The English Reformation Revised and in P. Marshall ed., The Impact of the English Reformation (1997)
----------, The Rise and Fall of Merry England, ch 3
P. Marshall, Heretics and Believers: A History of the English Reformation (2017), chs 10-11 (relevant sections)
JPD Cooper, Propaganda and the Tudor state: political culture in the Westcountry (2003) (a)
A Kreider, English Chantries: The Road to Dissolution, intro, chs 7, 8
P. Cunich, ‘The Dissolution of the Chantries’, in P Collinson and J Craig (eds), The Reformation in English Towns 1500-1640 (1998)
E H Shagan, Popular Politics and the English Reformation (2003), intro, chs. 7, 8
-------------, ‘Confronting Compromise: the schism and its legacy’, in E. Shagan (ed), Catholics and the ‘Protestant Nation’ (2005)
C Haigh, English Reformations, ch 10
M Aston, England’s Iconoclasts, pp 246-77
P Marshall, Beliefs and the Dead in Reformation England (2002), chs 3
C Marsh, Popular Religion in Sixteenth-Century England (1998), ch. 5 (a)
A Fletcher and D MacCulloch, Tudor Rebellions (multiple editions), ch on the Western Rebellion
J Youings, ‘The South-Western Rebellion of 1549’, Southern History, 1 (1979) (a)
K Halliday, ‘New Light on the “Commotion Time” of 1549: The Oxfordshire Rising’, Historical Research, 82 (2009) (a)
Andy Wood, The 1549 Rebellions and the Making of Modern England (Cambridge, 2007) (a)
R. Whiting, The Blind Devotion of the People, chs 4, 5 (relevant sections)
------------, The Reformation of the English Parish Church (2010)
D. MacCulloch, ‘Worcester: a Cathedral City in the Reformation’, in P. Collinson and J. Craig (eds), The Reformation in English Towns 1500-1640 (1998)
A. G. Dickens (ed.), ‘Robert Parkyn’s Narrative of the Reformation’, in Dickens, Reformation Studies (1982) – fascinating contemporary account of how one priest experienced the Reformation