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Summary: This is the first of a pair of seminars dealing with the reign of Mary I (1553-58), with a particular focus on why the reign has been so contentious historically and historiographically. In this seminar, we will discuss the restoration of Catholic doctrine and worship, particularly in the parishes, and the extent to which ‘revisionist’ historians are justified in seeing this process as largely successful.

Seminar and essay questions:

a) How much popular support was there for Mary’s campaign of Catholic Restoration?

b) Did Mary and Pole ‘fail to discover the Counter-Reformation’?


P Marshall, Reformation England 1480-1642 (2003), ch. 4

-----------, Heretics and Believers: A History of the English Reformation (2017), ch 12

C Haigh, English Reformations - ch 12

J Loach, ‘Mary Tudor and the Re-Catholicisation of England’, History Today (Nov 1994)

--------, ‘The Marian Establishment and the Printing Press’, English Historical Review (1986) - compare with Martin, below.

E Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars - ch 16, and in Marshall (ed), Impact of the English Reformation - most important attempt to revise the religious history of the reign.

-------, Fire of Faith: Catholic England Under Mary Tudor (2009), chs 1-3, 9 – essential

------, Saints, Sacrilege, Sedition (2012), ch 9

------- and D Loades (eds), The Church of Mary Tudor (2006) – all useful, but esp chs intro, 1, 4, 5, 6, 7

--------, Reformation Divided (2017), ch 4

S Doran and T Freeman (eds), Mary Tudor: Old and New Perspectives (2011)

DM Loades, The Reign of Mary Tudor, 2nd ed - chs 3, 11

------------, Politics, Censorship and the English Reformation - articles on Marian bishops, Catholic Piety (also in Studies in Church History, subsidia, 1991)

----------, ‘The Spirituality of the Restored Catholic Church (1553-1558) in the Context of the Counter-Reformation’, in TM McCoog (ed), The Reckoned Expense

-------, The Religious Culture of Marian England (2010), esp chs 1, 5, 7

S Brigden, London and the Reformation, ch 14

JW Martin, ‘The Marian Regime’s Failure to Understand the Importance of Printing’ in Religious Radicals in Tudor England

RH Pogson, ‘Revival and Reform in Mary Tudor’s Church: a Question of Money’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History (1974) and in Haigh, English Reformation Revised.

----------, ‘The Legacy of the Schism’ in J Loach & R Tittler, The Mid-Tudor Polity

------------, ‘Reginald Pole and the priorities of Government in Mary Tudor’s Church’, Historical Journal (1975)

TM McCoog, ‘Ignatius Loyola and Reginald Pole: a Reconsideration’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History (1996) (b)

E Russell, ‘Marian Oxford and the Counter-Reformation’, in C Barron and C Harper-Bill (eds) The Church in Pre-Reformation Society (b)

J Edwards and R Truman (eds), Reforming Catholicism in the England of Mary Tudor: The Achievement of Friar Bartolomé Carranza (2005), esp intro., chs 2, 3

W Wizeman, The Theology and Spirituality of Mary Tudor’s Church (2006) (b)

John Edwards, Mary I: England’s Catholic Queen (2011).