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Topic Two: Beliefs and Priorities in Pre-Reformation Religion

a) Can any meaningful distinction be drawn between 'elite' and 'popular' religion in this period?

b) 'A cult of the living in the service of the dead.' How adequate is this as a description of late medieval Catholicism?

c) How important were the saints in late medieval religion?


  • C Harper-Bill, The Pre-Reformation Church, ch. 7 - again useful brief remarks for a)

    & b)

    AG Dickens, The English Reformation (2nd ed), ch 2 (a, b)

    F Heal, Reformation in Britain and Ireland (2003), ch. 3

    E Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars, intro, chs 5 (c); 6, 8 (a); ch 10 (b)

    --------, ‘holy maydens, holy wyfes: The cult of women saints in fifteenth and sixteenth-century England’, in WJ Sheils and D Wood (eds), Women in the Church, Studies in Church History 27 (1990) (c)

    -------, ‘Elite and popular religion: the Books of Hours and Lay Piety in the later middle ages’, in K Cooper and J Gregory (eds), Elite and Popular Religion, Studies in Church History, 42 (2005) [also essays in this vol. by Swanson and D’Avray] (a)

    ------, Marking the Hours: English People and the Prayers, 1240-1570 (2006)

    C Richmond, ‘Religion and the Fifteenth-Century English Gentleman’ in RB Dobson (ed), The Church, Politics & Patronage in the Fifteenth Century (a) p/c in Library store

    C Carpenter, ‘The Religion of the Gentry in Fifteenth-Century England’ in D Williams (ed), England in the Fifteenth Century (a)

    K Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, ch 2 (a)

    RN Swanson, Church and Society in Late Medieval England, ch 6 (a, b)

    -------------, Catholic England, intro (a, b); ch. 7 (c)

    GW Bernard, ‘Vitality and Vulnerability in the Late Medieval Church: Pilgrimage on the Eve of the Break with Rome’, in John Watts, ed., The End of the Middle Ages? England in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (1998) (a)

    C Morris and P Roberts (eds) Pilgrimage: The English Experience from Becket to Bunyan (2002), chs. By Rawcliffe, Duffy

    S Brigden, ‘Religion and Social Obligation in early Sixteenth-Century London’, Past

    and Present (1984) (a, b)

    P Marshall, Beliefs and the Dead in Reformation England (2002), ch. 1 (b)

    C Burgess, ‘Purgatory and Pious Motive in Late Medieval England’ in S Wright (ed), Parish, Church and People (b)

    ------------, ‘‘For the Increase of Divine Service’: Chantries in the Parish in Late Medieval Bristol’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History (1985) (b)

    -----------, ‘Wills and Pious Provision in Late Medieval Bristol’, English Historical Review (1987) (b)

    -----------, ‘“Longing to be Prayed for”: Death and Commemoration in an English Parish in the Later Middle Ages’, in B Gordon and P Marshall (eds), The Place of the Dead: Death andRemembrance in Late medieval and Early Modern Europe (2000)

    V Bainbridge, ‘The Medieval Way of Death: Commemoration and the Afterlife in Pre-Reformation Cambridgeshire’ in M Wilks (ed) Prophecy and Eschatology, Studies in Church History Subsidia 10 (1994) (b) - appears also as ch 4 of Bainbridge’s Gilds in the Medieval Countryside.

    B Kümin, The Shaping of a Community, ch 4 (fraternities and chantries -b)

    RW Scribner, ‘Ritual and Popular Belief in Catholic Germany’ in Scribner, Popular Culture and Popular Movements, and in Jounal of Ecclesiastical History (1984) - useful definitions and discussion for a)

    C Peters, Patterns of Piety: Women, Gender and Religion in Late Medieval and Reformation England (2003), ch. 4 (c)