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World Cup '98: Race, Racism and Republicanism

Seminar Questions:

  • In what ways does France's republican and colonial heritage inform contemporary understandings of race and difference?

  • What explains the rise of the Front National?

  • What explains the riots of 2005?

  • What, if anything, does the 1998 World Cup tell us about race in contemporary France?

  • Why don't the French like headscarves?

  • What does the Charlie Hebdo massacre of Jan 7, 2015, tell us about unresolved tensions in the French republican tradition?

Core Texts:

  • L Dubois, Soccer Empire (2010), chapter 7 'La France métissée' [digitized book extract]

  • L Dubois, La république métissée: Citizenship, Colonialism, and the Borders of French History,’ Cultural Studies 14:1 (2000), 15-34 [electronic, difficult to find]

  • André Rauch, “Threatening Virility in the French Banlieues, 1989–2005,” in Forth and Taithe, French Masculinities, (2007) 220–31 [digitized book extract]

  • J R Bowen, Why the French don't like headscarves: Islam, the State, and public space (2007), chapter 4, 65-97 [digitized book extract]

  • Background: Popkin, History of Modern France, chps. 33-34.

Further Reading:

Primary Sources

  • La Haine (DVD in library)

  • Azouz Begag, Ethnicity & equality: France in the balance (2007)

  • Fadela Amara with Sylvia Zappi, Breaking the silence: French women's voices from the ghetto (2006)

  • F Maspero, Roissy Express: a journey through the Paris suburbs (1994)


World Cup '98

  • L Dubois, Soccer Empire: The World Cup and the Future of France (2010)

  • H Dauncey and G Hare, ‘Dans la cour des grands’: France 98,’ Modern and Contemporary France 6 (1998) 339-50

  • Francesco Ricatti, ‘Je ne suis pas noir’ Global Football and (Post)Colonial France,’ in J McCormack et al (eds) Hexagonal variations : diversity, plurality and reinvention in contemporary France (2011)

  • P Dine, ‘France, Algeria and Sport: From Colonisation to Globalisation,’ Modern and Contemporary France 10:4 (2002), 495-50

Immigration, race, and racism

  • N MacMaster, Colonial migrants and racism: Algerians in France, 1900-62 (1997)

  • C Raissiguier, Reinventing the Republic: gender, migration, and citizenship in France (2010)

  • Alec G. Hargreaves, Immigration, 'race' and ethnicity in contemporary France (1995)

  • Sue Peabody and Tyler Stovall (eds), The color of liberty: histories of race in France (2003)

  • H Chapman and L L. Frader (eds), Race in France: interdisciplinary perspectives on the politics of difference (2004)

  • A G. Hargreaves, Multi-ethnic France: immigration, politics, culture, and society (2007)

  • J Freedman and C Tarr (eds), Women, immigration and identities in France (2000)

  • A Favell, Philosophies of Integration: Immigration and the Idea of Citizenship in France and Britain (1998)

  • D Thomas, Black France: colonialism, immigration, and transnationalism (2007)

  • H Lebovics, Bringing the Empire Back Home (2004)

  • T Stovall and G v d Abbeele (eds), French Civilization and its Discontents (2003)

  • Elisa Camiscioli, Reproducing the French race: immigration, intimacy, and embodiment in the early twentieth century (2009)

  • M D Lewis, The boundaries of the republic: migrant rights and the limits of universalism in France, 1918-1940 (2007)

  • E Ezra, The colonial unconscious: race and culture in interwar France (2003)

  • G Wilder, The French imperial nation-state: negritude & colonial humanism between the two world wars (2005)

  • French Historical Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Summer 2010), special issue on race and gender

Culture in the Banlieues

  • A-P Durand (ed), Black, blanc, beur: rap music and hip-hop culture in the francophone world (2002)

  • B Epstein, Collective Terms: Race, Culture and Community in a State-Planned City in France (2011)

  • A G Hargreaves, Immigration and identity in Beur fiction: voices from the North African immigrant community in France (1997)

  • C Tarr, Reframing difference: beur and banlieue filmmaking in France (2005)

  • Y Loshitzky, Screening strangers : migration and diaspora in contemporary European cinema (2010), chapter on 'Intifada of the banlieues: La Haine revisited'

  • N Kiwan, Identities, discourses and experiences: young people of North African origin in France (2009)

  • D L. Oscherwitz, Pop goes the Banlieue: musical métissage and the articulation of a multiculturalist vision,’ Contemporary French and Francophone Studies, 8:1, 43-50

  • A G. Hargreaves and M McKinney (eds) Post-colonial cultures in France (1997)

  • C Warne, ‘Articulating Identity from the Margins: Le Mouv’ and the Rise of Hip-Hop and Ragga in France,’ in S Perry and M Cross (eds) Voices of France: Social, Political and Cultural Identity (1997)

  • A collection of essays from leading social scientists on the 2005 riots is available at

France, Islam and the Banning of the Veil

  • J R Bowen, Why the French don't like headscarves : Islam, the State, and public space (2007)

  • J W Scott, Politics of the Veil (2007)

  • S Gemie, French Muslims: New Voices in Contemporary France (2010)

  • G Allwood and K Wadia, Gender and Policy in France (2009), chap 6

  • B Winter, Hijab and the Republic: Uncovering the French Headscarf Debate (2008)

  • S Gemie, ‘Stasi’s Republic: the school and the ‘veil’, December 2003-March 2004,’ Modern & Contemporary France 12 (2004)

  • T D Keaton, Muslim girls and the other France: race, identity politics, & social exclusion (2006).

  • French Historical Studies, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Summer 2007), special issue on France and Islam (for historical context)

The National Front

  • P Davies, The National Front in France: ideology, discourse and power (1999)

  • J.G. Shields, The extreme right in France: from Pétain to Le Pen (2007)

  • C Fieschi, Fascism, populism and the French Fifth Republic: in the shadow of democracy (2004)

  • J Rydgren, The populist challenge: political protest and ethno-nationalist mobilization in France (2004)

  • P Fysh and J Wolfreys, Politics of racism in France (2003)