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Key Texts



Callum Brown, ‘Did urbanisation secularise Britain?’, Urban History Yearbook, 1988

Sheridan Gilley, ‘Roman Catholicism and the Irish in England’, Immigrants and Minorities, 1999

Hugh McLeod, ‘Religion in Nineteenth-century Britain’ (review essay), Journal of British Studies, 1999 [online]

James Obelkevich, ‘Religion’ in FML Thompson (ed.), The Cambridge Social History of Britain, vol 3.

Douglas A. Reid, ‘Playing and Praying’ in M. Daunton, The Cambridge Urban History of Britain

Mark Smith, ‘Religion’ in Chris Williams (ed.), A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain


The Religious Census of 1851 – essays and documents on


  • Did the Church of England respond adequately to the demands of industrialization?
  • Did urbanization secularise Britain?
  • How religious were the working-class in Britain?
  • How diverse was the social composition of the different religious groups in the Victorian City?
  • How important was religion to politics in the Victorian City?



Further Reading



 David Bebbington, Evangelicalism in Modern Britain


Callum Brown, The Death of Christian Britain


Owen Chadwick, The Victorian Church


A. D. Gilbert, Religion and Society in Industrial England


Sheridan Gilley and W. J. Sheilds (eds), A History of religion in Britain, part III

David Hempton, Religion and Political Culture in Britain and Ireland


David Hempton, The Religion of the People: Methodism and Popular Religion


Boyd Hilton, The Age of Atonement


Hugh McLeod, Class and Religion in the late Victorian City


Hugh McLeod, Religion and the Working-class in nineteenth-century Britain


Hugh McLeod, Secularisation in Western Europe, 1848-1914


Gerald Parsons (ed.), Religion in Victorian Britain, 4 vols

Michael Watts, The Dissenters, vol 2