Inter Caetera, Davenport, Francis Gardiner, ed. European Treaties bearing on the History of the United States and its Dependencies to 1648 (Washington, D.C., 1917), pp. 27-32 and 71-78.
Scott, James, The Spanish origin of international law, Part 1, Francisco de Vitoria and his law of nations (Oxford, 1934), XIV, Francisco de Vitoria’s Contribution to International Law, pp. 281-.
Weckmann, Luis, The Medieval Heritage of Mexico, trans. F. M. Lopez-Morillas (New York, 1992); 29, Legal Systems, laws, protection, appeal and punishment, pp. 428-442; Medieval Origins of Encomienda and Hacienda, pp. 328-350.
Muldoon, James, ‘Papal responsibility for the infidel: another look at Alexander VI’s Inter caetera’, The Catholic Historical Review Vol. 64, No. 2 (Apr., 1978), pp. 168-184.
Muldoon, James, The Americas in the Spanish World Order (Philadelphia, 1994), Chapter 1, The Law of Christian-Infidel Relations, pp. 15-37 (ebook available).
Herzog, Tamar, Frontiers of Possession (London, 2015).
Muldoon, James, Popes, lawyers, and infidels: the church and the non-Christian world, 1250-1550 (Philadelphia, 1979).
• What was the role of law in the Spanish world?
• How influenced by Islam was Spanish law?
• How important was law in the construction of Spanish empire?
Historiographical theme: legal history