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The 'Birth' of the Clinic


Foucault, Michel, Birth of the Clinic, chapter 4 and 5, pp. 54-87.

Jewson, N., ‘The Disappearance of the Sick Man from Medical Cosmology: 1770- 1870’, Sociology 10 (1976), pp. 225-244.

Risse, Guenter, Mending Bodies – Saving Souls: The History of the Hospital (Oxford, 1999), pp. 289-331.

Further Readings:

Ackerknecht, Erwin, Medicine at the Paris Hospital, 1794-1848 (Baltimore, 1967).

Armstrong, David, ‘Bodies of Knowledge/Knowledge of Bodies’, Colin Jones/Roy

Porter, Reassessing Foucault: Power, Medicine and the Body (London, 1994)

Brockliss, Laurence, ‘Medical Reforms, the Enlightenment, and Physician-Power in the late Eighteenth Century’, in Roy Porter (ed.), Medicine in the Enlightenment (Amsterdam, 1995)

Brockliss, Laurence/Jones, Colin, The Medical World of Early Modern France (Oxford, 1997)

Bynum, William F., ‘Nosology’, in Companion Encylopedia of the History of Medicine, ed. by W.F. Bynum and Roy Porter, vol. 1 (London, 1993), pp. 335-356

Frangos, E., From Housing the Poor to Healing the Sick: The Changing Institutions of Paris under the Old Regime and the Revolution (Madison, 1997)

Hanaway, Caroline, ‘The Societe Royale de Medecine and Epidemics in the Ancient Regime,’ Bulletin of the History of Medicine 46 (1972), pp. 257-273.

Heilbron, J., ‘The Measure of Enlightenment’, in The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century, ed. By Tore Frangsmyr, J.H. Heilbron, and Robin E. Rider (Berkeley et al., 1990), pp. 207-242

Lawrence, Susan C., Charitable Knowledge: Hospital Pupils and Practitioners in Eighteenth-Century London (Cambridge, 1996)

Ramsey, Mathew, Professional and Popular Medicine in France, 1770-1830 (Cambridge, 1988)

Riley, James, The Eighteenth Century Campaign to Avoid Disease (New York, 1987).

Risse, Guenter, Hospital Life in Enlightenment Scotland: Care and Teaching at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh (Cambridge, 1986)

Risse, Guenter, Medicine in the Age of Enlightenment (Cambridge, 1992)

Troehler, Ulrich, ‘Quantifiying Experience and Beating Biases: A New Culture in

Eighteenth Century British Clinical Medicine’, in Body Counts: Medical Quantification in Historical & Sociological Perspective, ed. by Jorland, Gerald/Annick Opinal/George Weisz (eds.), (Montreal, 2005)

Wilson, Lindsay B., Women and Medicine in the French Enlightenment: The Debate Over “Maladies des Femmes” (Baltimore, 1993)