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Rebellion

For discussion:

1. ‘In early modern England violence was perpetrated much more by the rulers than by the ruled’. Discuss.

2. Would you agree that the history of popular protest in England 1500-1640 demonstrates ‘the poor’s increasing inability to translate discontent into rebellion’?

Introductory Surveys:

Fletcher, Anthony. Tudor Rebellions (3rd edn, London, 1983).

Macculloch, Diarmaid. Suffolk and the Tudors: Politics and Religion in an English County, 1500-1600 (Oxford, 1986), ch.10.

Detailed Studies:

[1524-25]:

Macculloch, Diarmaid. Suffolk and the Tudors: Politics and Religion in an English County, 1500-1600 (Oxford, 1986), chs.7 & 10.

Bernard, G.W. War, Taxation and Rebellion in Early Tudor England (Brighton, 1986).

Poos, L.R. A Rural Society After the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 (Cambridge, 1991), ch.11.

[1536]:

Davies, C.S.L. ‘The Pilgrimage of Grace Reconsidered’, Past & Present 41 (August 1968), reprinted in Paul Slack (ed.), Rebellion, Popular Protest and the Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1984), pp.16-38.

James, Mervyn. ‘Obedience and Dissent in Henrician England: The Lincolnshire Rebellion, 1536’, Past & Present 48 (August 1970), reprinted in James, Society, Politics and Culture: Studies in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1986), pp.188-69.

Davies, C.S.L. ‘Popular Religion and the Pilgrimage of Grace’, in A.J. Fletcher & J. Stevenson (eds.), Order and Disorder in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1985), pp.58-91.

Gunn, S.J. ‘Peers, Commons and Gentry in the Lincolnshire Revolt of 1536’, Past & Present 123 (May 1989), 52-79.

Bush, Michael L. ‘“Enhancements and Importunate Charges”: An Analysis of the Tax Complaints of October 1536’, Albion 22:3 (Fall 1990), 403-19.

Bush, Michael L. ‘“Up For the Commonweal”: The Significance of Tax Grievances in the English Rebellions of 1536’, English Historical Review 106 (April 1991), 299-318.

Bush, Michael L.. ‘Tax Reform and Rebellion in Early Tudor England’, History 76 (1991), 379-400.

Bush, Michael L. ‘Captain Poverty and the Pilgrimage of Grace’, Historical Research 65 (1992), 17-36.

Bush, Michael L. ‘The Richmondshire Uprising of October 1536 and the Pilgrimage of Grace’, Northern History 29 (1993), 64-98.

Hoyle, R.W. ‘Crown, Parliament and Taxation in Sixteenth-Century England’, English Historical Review 109 (November 1994), 1174-96.

Bush. Michael L. The Pilgrimage of Grace: A Study of the Rebel Armies of October 1536 (Manchester, 1996).

Bush, Michael, & Bownes, David. The Defeat of the Pilgrimage of Grace: A Study of the Postpardon Revolts of December 1536 to March 1537 and their Effect (Hull, 1999).

Hoyle, R.W. The Pilgrimage of Grace and the Politics of the 1530s (Oxford, 2000).

[1549: Kett]:

Bindoff, S.T. Ket’s Rebellion 1549 (Historical Association, London, 1949).

MacCulloch, Diarmaid. ‘Kett’s Rebellion in Context’, Past & Present 84 (August 1979), reprinted in Paul Slack (ed.), Rebellion, Popular Protest and the Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1984), pp.39-62.

Cornwall, Julian. ‘Kett’s Rebellion in Context: A Comment’, Past & Present 93 (November 1981), reprinted in Paul Slack (ed.), Rebellion, Popular Protest and the Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1984), pp.63-67.

MacCulloch, Diarmaid. ‘Kett’s Rebellion in Context: A Rejoinder’, Past & Present 93 (November 1981), reprinted in Paul Slack (ed.), Rebellion, Popular Protest and the Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1984), pp.68-76.

Alsop, J.D. ‘Communication: Latimer, the “Commonwealth of Kent” and the 1549 Rebellions’, Historical Journal 28:2 (1985), 379-83.

Shagan, Ethan Howard. ‘Protector Somerset and the 1549 Rebellions: New Sources and New Perspectives’, English Historical Review 114 [no.455] (Feb 1999), 34-63.

Bernard, G.W. ‘Debate: Protector Somerset and the 1549 Rebellions: New Perspectives or Old Complexities?’, English Historical Review 115 [no.460] (February 2000), 113-20.

Bush, M.L. ‘Debate: Protector Somerset and the 1549 Rebellions: A Post-Revision Questioned’, English Historical Review 115 [no.460] (February 2000), 103-12.

Shagan, Ethan H. ‘‘Debate: Protector Somerset and the 1549 Rebellions: Popularity and the 1549 Rebellions Revisited’, English Historical Review 115 [no.460] (February 2000), 121-33.

Wood, Andy. The 1549 Rebellions and the Making of Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2007).

[1549: the West]:

Youings, Joyce. ‘The South-Western Rebellion of 1549’, Southern History 1 (1979), 99-122.

Duffy, Eamon. The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England 1400-1580 (New Haven, 1992), ch.13.

Duffy, Eamon. The Voices of Morebath: Reformation and Rebellion in an English Village (New Haven, 2001), pp.110-51.

[1569]:

James, Mervyn. ‘The Concept of Order and the Northern Rising, 1569’, Past & Present 60 (August 1973), reprinted in James, Society, Politics and Culture: Studies in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1986), pp.270-307.

Marcombe, David. ‘A Rude and Heady People: The Local Community and the Rebellion of the Northern Earls’, in David Marcombe (ed.), The Last Principality: Politics, Religion and Society in the Bishopric of Durham (Nottingham, 1987), pp.117-51.

Kesselring, K.J. ‘”A Cold Pye for the Papistes”: Constructing and Containing the Northern Rising of 1569’, Journal of British Studies 43 (October 2004), 417-43.

Kesselring, K.J. ‘Mercy and Liberality: The Aftermath of the 1569 Northern Rebellion’, History 90 [no.298] (April 2005), 213-35.

Kesselring, K.J. The Northern Rebellion of 1569: Faith, Politics and Protest in Elizabethan England (Basingstoke, 2007).

[1596]:

Walter, John. ‘A “Rising of the People”? The Oxfordshire Rising of 1596’, Past & Present 107 (May 1985), 90-143; & reprinted in John Walter, Crowds and Popular Politics in Early Modern England (Manchester, 2006), pp.73-123.

[1601]:

James, Mervyn. ‘At a Crossroads of the Political Culture: The Essex Revolt, 1601’, in James, Society, Politics and Culture: Studies in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1986), pp.416-66.

Hunt, Arnold. ‘Tuning the Pulpits: The Religious Context of the Essex Revolt’, in Lori Anne Ferrell & Peter McCullough (eds.), The English Sermon Revised: Religion, Literature and history, 1600-1700 (Manchester, 2000), pp.86-114.

[1607]:

Gay, Edwin F. ‘The Midland Revolt and the Inquisitions of Depopulation of 1607’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society new ser., 18 (1905), 195-244.

Martin, John E. ‘[Part III] Case Study: The Midlands Revolt of 1607’, in John E. Martin, Feudalism to Capitalism: Peasant and Landlord in English Agrarian Development (London, 1983), pp.159-215.

Manning, Roger B. Village Revolts: Social Protest and Popular Disturbances in England 1509-1640 (Oxford, 1988), pp.229-52.

Hindle, Steve. ‘Imagining Insurrection in Seventeenth-Century England: Representations of the Midland Rising of 1607’, History Workshop Journal 66 (Autumn, 2008), 21-61.

[1685]:

Clifton, Robin. The Last Popular Rebellion: The Western Rising of 1685 (London, 1984).

Presentations:

1. On the momentum of obedience: James (1986) [the essays on 1569, 1601 and the ‘Concept of Honour’]

2. On the failure of rebellion: Walter (1985), Kesselring (2004, 2005)