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The Marian Church

For discussion:

1. ‘Reaction’, ‘Restoration’, or ‘Counter-Reformation’. Which term best describes the aims and achievements of the Marian Church?

Readings:

P Marshall, Reformation England 1480-1642 (2003), ch. 4 – introduction.

AG Dickens, The English Reformation (2nd ed, 1989) - ch 12 - argues Marian policies stood little chance of success.

DM Loades, The Reign of Mary Tudor (2nd ed 1991) - chs 3, 8, 11 - standard modern account - rather pessimistic in its conclusions.

------------, Politics, Censorship and the English Reformation (1991) - articles on Marian Bishops, Catholic Piety (also in Studies in Church History, subsidia, 1991), and Enforcement of Reaction (also in Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 1965).

------------, ‘The Spirituality of the Restored Catholic Church (1553-1558) in the Context of the Counter-Reformation’ in T.M. McCoog (ed), The Reckoned Expense: Edmund Campion and the Early English Jesuits (1996) - latest thoughts.

-----------, -------, The Religious Culture of Marian England (2010) – riposte to Duffy’s latest work.

E Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars (1992) - ch 16, also in Marshall (ed), Impact of the English Reformation - represents the most important attempt to revise the religious history of the reign.

-------, Fire of Faith: Catholic England Under Mary Tudor (2009) - essential

------- and D Loades (eds), The Church of Mary Tudor (2006) – all useful, but esp chs intro, 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11

C Haigh, English Reformations (1993) - chs 12-13 - emphasizes popular support for the restoration of Catholicism and for the policy of persecution.

JW Martin, ‘The Marian Regime’s Failure to Understand the Importance of Printing’, in Religious Radicals in Tudor England (1989) and Huntingdon Library Quarterly (1981).

J Loach, ‘The Marian Establishment and the Printing Press’, English Historical Review (1986) - rather different interpretation from Martin.

--------, ‘Mary Tudor and the Re-Catholicisation of England’, History Today (Nov 1994) - suggestive critique of Loades/Dickens line.

S Brigden, London and the Reformation (1989) - ch 14.

G Alexander, ‘Bonner and the Marian Persecutions’, in C Haigh ed The English Reformation Revised (1987) and in History (1975) - attempt at rehabilitation of traditionally ‘bloodiest’ of Mary’s bishops.

J Edwards and R Truman (eds), Reforming Catholicism in the England of Mary Tudor: The Achievement of Friar Bartolomé Carranza (2005), esp intro., chs 2, 3

W Monter, ‘Heresy executions in Reformation Europe 1520- 1565’, in OP Grell and B Scribner (eds), Tolerance and Intolerance in the European Reformation (1996) - puts Marian persecution in context.

RH Pogson, ‘Revival and Reform in Mary Tudor’s Church: a Question of Money’ in Haigh, English Reformation Revised and Journal of Ecclesiastical History (1974) - stresses problems encountered in implementing a genuine reform programme.

-------, ‘The Legacy of the Schism: Confusion, Continuity and Change in the Marian Clergy’, in J Loach and R Tittler eds, The Mid-Tudor Polity (1980).

-------, ‘Reginald Pole and the priorites of Government in Mary Tudor’s Church’, Historical Journal (1975).

TM McCoog, ‘Ignatius Loyola and Reginald Pole: a Reconsideration’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History (1996).

T. F. Mayer, Reginald Pole: Prince and Prophet (2000) – ch. 7-8 – hard-going but important study of key figure

E Russell, ‘Marian Oxford and the Counter-Reformation’, in C Barron and C Harper-Bill (eds) The Church in Pre-Reformation Society (1985)

C. Cross, ‘The Reconstitution of Northern Monastic Communities in the Reign of Mary Tudor’, Northern History, 29 (1993)

J. Clark, ‘Reformation and Reaction at St Albans Abbey 1530- 58’, English Historical Review, 115 (2000).