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Mid-Tudor Protestantism

For discussion:

1. Who directed the ‘Edwardian Reformation’, and what motives are discernible?

2. ‘English Protestantism achieved more in 1553-8 than in 1547- 53.’ Discuss.

Readings:

D MacCulloch, The Later Reformation in England 1547-1603 (1990 and 2nd ed. 2001) - ch 2 is useful and up-to-date introduction.

----------------, Thomas Cranmer: A Life (1996) - indispensible work on a crucial architect of Edwardian reform, especially chs 9-12. (See also his article on ‘Cranmer’s Ambiguous Legacy’, History Today (June 1996))

-------------, Tudor Church Militant: Edward VI and the Protestant Reformation (1999) – now the standard work.

P Marshall, Reformation England 1480-1642 (2003), ch. 3 – the recent historiography.

J. Loach, Edward VI (1999), esp. chs 5, 10, 11 – sceptical about Edward as ‘godly imp’

AG Dickens, The English Reformation (2nd ed, 1989) - chs 10-11.

C Haigh, English Reformations (1993) - ch 10.

ML Bush, The Government Policy of Protector Somerset (1977) - argues that pace of religious policy 1547-9 was tempered by foreign policy considerations and Somerset’s obsession with the war in Scotland.

C Davies, ‘“Poor Persecuted Little Flock” or “Commonwealth of Christians”: Edwardian Protestant Concepts of the Church’, in P Lake and M Dowling eds. Protestantism and the National Church (1987) - interesting treatment of the, sometimes confused, self-perceptions of Edwardian Protestants. See now also her A Religion of the Word: The Defence of the Reformation in the Reign of Edward VI (2002), esp. intro, chs 3-5

A Pettegree, Foreign Protestant Communities in Sixteenth Century London (1986) - rather broader significance than title implies; traces important links between foreign Protestants and the drive for further reformation in England.

-------------, Marian Protestantism (1996) - interesting, self-consciously anti-revisionist collection. See especially introduction, ch 4, conclusion.

-----------, ‘Printing and the Reformation: the English Exception’ in P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (eds.), The Beginnings of English Protestantism (2002) – Protestant trump card?

A Kreider, English Chantries: The Road to Dissolution (1979) - esp. intro, chs 10-11 - important study of perhaps most revolutionary step taken in Edward’s reign.

S Brigden, London and the Reformation (1989) - chs 10-12 - makes clear the crucial importance of the capital in the considerations of Edwardian governments.

D Loades, The Oxford Martyrs (2nd ed 1992) - classic study of fate of Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer.

P. Collinson and J. Craig (eds), The Reformation in English Towns 1500-1640 (1998) – series of case-studies.

J. W. Martin, ‘The Protestant Underground Congregations of Mary’s Reign’, in idem, Religious Radicals in Tudor England (1989)

B. Usher, ‘“In a Time of Persecution”: New Light on the Secret Protestant Congregation in Marian London’, in D. Loades (ed), John Foxe and the English Reformation (1996)

T. Freeman, ‘Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: the Challenge of the Freewillers 1550- 1558’, in P. Marshall and A. Ryrie (eds.), The Beginnings of English Protestantism (2002) – fascinating account of how Marian Protestants dealt with internal dissent.