- What was the place of legal reform within the wider Tanzimat reform program?
- Can we identify Islamic law and secular law as two distinct categories?
Zubaida, chapter 4.
Avi Rubin, Ottoman Nizamiye Courts: Law and Modernity. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), chapter 1, “The Nizamiye Court System: An Overview,” and chapter 5, “The Age of Centralization: The Public Prosecution.”
Khaled Fahmy, “The Anatomy of Justice: Forensic Medicine and Criminal Law in Nineteenth-Century Egypt,” Islamic Law and Society 6 (1999), 224-71.
Rudolph Peters, “Administrators and Magistrates: The Development of a Secular Judiciary in Egypt, 1842-1871,” Die Welt des Islams n.s. 39 (1999), 378-97.