- What was the role of the waqf in the provision of social services in Ottoman cities?
- How did elite families use the waqf as a tool for managing their wealth?
- To what extent did Islamic law change during the Ottoman period?
Colin Imber, Ebu’s-su‘ud: The Islamic Legal Tradition (Stanford University Press, 2009), chapter 6, “Trusts in Mortmain.”
Amy Singer, Constructing Ottoman Beneficence: An Imperial Soup Kitchen in Jerusalem (State University of New York Press, 2002), chapter 2, “A Bowl of Soup and a Loaf of Bread.”
Jon Mandaville, “Usurious Piety: The Cash Waqf Controversy in the Ottoman Empire,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 10 (1979), 289-308.