Today’s take-home message: Colonialism is both a way of talking about a specific chronological time period as well as a way of understanding a set of relationships of power. In this sense, it functions both as a chronological category as well as an analytic category.
Background reading—Jalal and Bose, Modern South Asia
Arranging film screenings for Week 5
1. Colonialism-as-Development: Some glosses
Colonialism as exploration
Colonialism as extraction
Colonialism as cultivation
Colonialism as “civilizing mission”
Colonialism as a project: institutions, discourses, practices, actors
2. Colonialism in India: What happened?
Names and dates!! For ‘Company Raj’: 1757-1857
East India Company, est. 1600 (monopoly on trading until 1813)
The Court of Directors, based in London
Persian (-1835) (the Mughul empire 1526-1707)
1757: Battle of Plassey
Presidency system: Bengal (1765), Calcutta (1699) Madras (1611), Bombay (1668)
The impeachment of Warren Hastings (First Governor-General of the East India Company), 1770s. The question of legitimacy.
The Permanent Settlement (Cornwallis,1793), Zamindars
Institutions: The Army (‘sepoys’)
1857: The Mutiny; The Crown
3. A word on “factoids”: history and interpretation, What’s at stake in doing history, history-writing and the act of representation
James Mill, The History of British India (1818).
Bipan Chandra, The Rise and Growth of Economic Nationalism in India: Economic Policies of Indian National Leadership, 1880-1905 (Delhi, 1966).
Chris Bayly, Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars (1983)
Subaltern Studies Editorial Collective (1982-2000; 11 volumes)
Ranajit Guha, Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India (1983).