- Why did voluntary activity increase so extensively after 1780?
- Was female philanthropic activity a 'maternal' act?
- What were the practical and intellectual experiences that shaped female philanthropy and their writing on philanthropy?
- Was female philanthropy a private act of altruism or a female incursion into the public sphere?
- Was there a difference between 'middle-class' and 'aristocratic' philanthropic activities?
F Prochaska, ‘Women in English Philanthropy, 1790-1830’, International Review of Social History, 1974
Alison Twells, The civilising mission and the English middle-class (Basingstoke, 2008) Introduction
Sarah Richardson, The Political Worlds of Women: Gender and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Britain , Chp 3.
D W Elliott, The Angel Out of the House (University Press of Virginia, 2002) Introduction
Please can you also research in the Oxford DNB the philanthropic work of the following (considerthe questions above when assessing their contributions):
Angela Burdett Coutts
J Gerrard, ‘Lady Bountiful: women of the landed class and rural philanthropy’, Victorian Studies, 1987
Martin Gorsky, Patterns of Philanthropy, esp ch 7
Seth Koven, 'Borderlands' in Seth Koven and Sonya Michel (eds), Mothers of a new world : maternalist politics and the origins of welfare states
R J Morris, 'Voluntary Societies and British Urban Elites, 1780-1870: an analysis', Historical Journal, 1982, pp.95- 118
F Prochaska, Women and Philanthropy in Nineteenth-century England
Jane Rendall, Origins of Modern Feminism
Kim Reynolds, Aristocratic women and political society in Victorian Britain, pp. 91-128
Anne Summers, ‘A Home from Home’ in Burman, Fit Work for Women
Alison Twells, ‘Let all begin well at home: class, ethnicity and Christian motherhood’ in Yeo, Radical Femininity
Alex Tyrell, ‘Women’s mission and pressure group politics in Britain, 1825-60’, Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library, 1980