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Seminar Questions
  • How did the concept of leisure evolve during the nineteenth century?
  • What was the connection between urbanisation and changes in leisure pursuits?
  • In what ways did gender and class influence people's experiences of leisure?
  • To what extent was leisure a 'transformative agent' during the period?

Core Reading

P. Bailey, Leisure and Class in Victorian England: Rational Recreation and the Contest for Control (2007) chp 2.

MJ Huggins, More Sinful Pleasures? Leisure, Respectability and the Male Middle Classes in Victorian England (2000)

Background Reading
S. Steinbach, Understanding the Victorians: Politics, Culture and Society in Nineteenth Century Britain (2017) chp 7(good overview).

Pamela Horn, Pleasures and Pastimes in Victorian Britain, (1999).

Judith Flanders, Consuming Passions: Leisure and Pleasure in Victorian Britain (2006)

H. Cunningham, Leisure in the Industrial Revolution, c.1780–c.1880 (1980)

M. Tebbutt, Women’s Talk? A Social History of ‘Gossip’ in Working-Class Neighbourhoods, 1880–1960 (1995)

Andy Croll, 'Popular Leisure and Sport' in C. Williams (eds) A Companion to Nineteenth-Century Britain (2004) ebook.

Andrew Davies, Leisure, gender and poverty : working-class culture in Salford and Manchester, 1900-1939 (1992)

Adam Matthew, Defining Gender, 1450-1910: Consumption and Leisure (2007) electronic primary document collection

S Scraton and A. Flintoff (eds), Gender and Sport: A Reader (2002) part 2 - Historical developments

E. Macrae, Exercise in the Female Life-Cycle in Britain, 1930-1970 (2016) ebook

L. Lane and W. Murphy (eds) Leisure and the Irish in the nineteenth century (2016) ebook

F. Skillen, Women, sport and modernity in interwar Britain (2013)

S.Todd, Young Women, Work, and Leisure in Interwar England (2005)

Defining Gender (Online Primary Sources)