- What forms did organised crime take in early modern Europe?
- What roles did violence play in organised crime?
- How did the authorities respond to organised crime?
All students should analyse
- B. Cole, 'Blackbeard the Pirate' from Captain Charles Johnson, A General History of the Pyrates (London, 1725) AND
- Joseph Nicholls, 'Captain Teach, commonly call'd Black Beard', from Captain Charles Johnson, A General History of the Lives and Adventures of the Most Famous Highwaymen, Murderers, Street-Robbers, &c. To which is added, a genuine account of the voyages and plunders of the most notorious pyrates (London, 1734)
All students should read EITHER
- Smith, Alexander, The History of the Lives, of the Most Noted Highwaymen, Foot-pads, Shop-lifts and Cheats of Both Sexes, in and about London and Other Places ... for Fifty Years Last Past AND The Second Volume of the History of the Lives, of the Most Notorious Highwaymen, Foot-pads, and Other Thieves and Murderers of Both Sexes, in and about London and Other Places ... for Fifty Years Last Past, 2nd ed. (London, 1714) [Read the Prefaces to both volumes and three lives of your choice] OR
- Johnson, Charles, A General History of the Pyrates (London, 1724; fourth ed. 1726) [Read the Preface and the lives of Captain Teach/Blackbeard, Mary Read, and Anne Bonny]
All students should also read:
Ruff, Julius R., Violence in Early Modern Europe 1500-1800 (Cambridge, 2001), Chapter 7.
AND one of the following items:
- Belenguer, Ernest, 'Bandits, Banditry and Royal Power in Catalonia between the 16th and 17th centuries', Catalan Historical Review 8 (2015), 45-57
- Egmond, Florike, 'Between Town and Countryside: Organized Crime in the Dutch Republic', in Eric A. Johnson and Eric H. Monkkonen, eds, The Civilization of Crime: Violence in Town and Country since the Middle Ages (Urbana, 1996), pp. 138-152.
- McMullan, John L., 'Criminal Organization in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century London', Social Problems 29 (1982), 311-323
- B.E., A new dictionary of the canting crew (London , 1699)
- Head, Richard, The canting academy (London, 1674)
- Head, Richard, The English rogue (London, 1688)
- The Complete Newgate Calendar
- van de Velde, Esaias, Bandits Attacking a Caravan of Travellers, 1627-1629
- Vulpius, Christian August, The History of Rinaldo Rinaldini Captain of Banditi, trans. John Hinckley (Boston, 1824)
Amirell, S. E., et al. (eds), Persistent Piracy: Maritime Violence and State-Formation in Global Historical Perspective (Basingstoke, 2014)
Appleby, John C., Women and English Piracy, 1540-1720: Partners and Victims of Crime (Basingstoke, 2013)
Barkey, Karen, Bandits and Bureaucrats: The Ottoman Route to State Centralization (Ithaca, NY, 1994)
Blok, Anton, 'The Peasant and the Brigand: Social Banditry Reconsidered,' Comparative Studies in Society and History 14/4 (1972), 494-503
Danker, Uwe, 'Bandits and the State: Robbers and the Authorities in the Holy Roman Empire in the Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries', in The German Underworld: Deviants and Outcasts in German History, ed. Richard Evans (London, 1988), pp. 75-107.
Dionne, Craig, and Steve Mentz, eds, Rogues and Early Modern English Culture (Ann Arbor, 2004)
Durston, Gregory J., Whores and Highwaymen: Crime and Justice in the Eighteenth-Century Metropolis (Hook, 2012)
Egmond, Florike, Underworlds: Organized Crime in the Netherlands, 1650-1800 (Cambridge, 1993)
Gioia, Cristina, 'Aristocratic Bandits and Outlaws: Stories of Violence and Blood Vendetta on the Border of the Venetian Republic (16th-17th Century)', in Steven G. Ellis and Lud’a Klusáková (eds), Imagining Frontiers, Contesting Identities (Pisa, 2007), pp. 93-107.
Gotti, Maurizio, The Language of Thieves and Vagabonds: 17th and 18th century Canting Lexicography in England (Tübingen, 1999)
Hobsbawm, Eric, Bandits, rev. ed. (London, 2001)
Hurl-Eamon, Jennine, Gender and Petty Violence in London, 1680-1720 (Columbus, OH, 2005)
Fijnaut, Cyrille, and Letizia Paoli, eds, Organised Crime in Europe: Concepts, Patterns and Control Policies in the European Union and Beyond (Norwell, MA, 2004)
Hignett, Kelly, 'Co-option or criminalisation? The state, border communities and crime in early modern Europe', Global Crime 9 (2008), 35-51
Judges, A.V., The Elizabethan Underworld (London, 1930)
Kamen, Henry, ‘Public Authority and Popular Crime: Banditry in Valencia, 1660-1714', Journal of European Economic History 3 (1974), 654-688.
Kinney, Arthur F., ed., Rogues, Vagabonds, and Sturdy Beggars: A New Gallery of Tudor and Early Stuart Rogue Literature Exposing the Lives, Times, and Cozening Tricks of the Elizabethan Underworld (Amherst, 1990).
Laven, Peter, 'Banditry and Lawlessness on the Venetian Terraferma in the Later Cinquecento', in Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe, eds, Crime, Society, and the Law in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge, 1994), pp. 221-248.
Lunsford, Virginia W., Piracy and Privateering in the Golden Age Netherlands (Basingstoke, 2005)
MacMillan, Ken, (ed.), Stories of True Crime in Tudor and Stuart England (London, 2015)
McMullan, John L., The Canting Crew: London's Criminal Underworld, 1550-1700 (New Brunswick, N.J., 1984)
Middleton, Thomas, and Thomas Dekker, The Roaring Girl, ed. Paul A. Mulholland (Manchester, 1987)
Moore, Lucy, (ed.), Con Men and Cutpurses: Scenes from the Hogarthian Underworld (Harmondsworth, 2004)
O'Malley, Pat, 'Social Bandits, Modern Capitalism and the Traditional Peasantry: A Critique of Hobsbawm,' Journal of Peasant Studies 6/4 (1979): 489-499
Ortalli, Gherardo, ed., Bande armate, banditi, banditismo e repressione di giustizia negli stati europei di antico regime (Rome, 1986)
Perry, Mary Elizabeth, Crime and Society in Early Modern Seville (Hanover, NH, 1980)
Povolo, Claudio, 'Liturgies of Violence: Social Control and Power Relationships in the Republic of Venice between the 16th and 18th Centuries', in Eric R. Dursteler (ed.), A Companion to Venetian History 1400-1797 (Leiden, 2013), pp. 513-42. Brill e-book