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Early Modern World (general)

Aslanian, Sebouh David, From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011).

Aslanian, Sebouh, “Social Capital, ‘Trust’ and the Role of Networks in Julfan Trade: Informal and Semi-Formal Institutions at Work”, Journal of Global History 1.3 (2006): 383-402.

Bentley, Jerry H., Sanjay Subrahmanyam, Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks, The Cambridge World History, Volume VI: The Construction of a Global World, 1400-1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Bentley, Jerry, Karen Wigen and Renata Bridenthal eds., Seascapes, Littoral Cultures, and Trans-Oceanic Exchanges (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007).

Biedermann, Zoltán, Anne Gerritsen, and Giorgio Riello (eds.), Global Gifts: The Material Culture of Diplomacy in Early Modern Eurasia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018).

Bitterli, Urs, Cultures in Conflict: Encounters Between European and Non-European Cultures, 1492-1800, trans. Ritchie Robertson (Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA: 1989).

Bodian, Miriam, Dying in the Law of Moses: Crypto-Jewish Martyrdom in the Iberian World (Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2007).

Burton, Antoinette & Tony Ballantyne (eds.), Bodies in Contact. Rethinking Colonial Encounters in World History (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2005).

Chatterjee, Kumkum, and Clement Hawes (eds.), Europe Observed: Multiple Gazes in Early Modern Encounters (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2008).

Colley, Linda, ‘Going Native, Telling Tales: Captivity, Collaborations and Empire’, Past and Present 168 (2000): 170-93.

Colley, Linda, Captives: Britain, Empire, and the World, 1600-1850 (London: Jonathan Cape, 2002).

Colley, Linda, The Ordeal of Elizabeth Marsh: A Woman in World History (London: Harper Press, 2007).

Curtin, Philip D., Cross-Cultural Trade in World History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).

Davis, Natalie Zemon, Women on the Margins: Three Seventeenth-Century Lives (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1995).

Deusen, Nancy E. van, “Indios on the Move in the Sixteenth-Century Iberian World”, Journal of Global History 10.3 (2015): 387-409.

Duarte, Ramón E., ‘Producing Yeni Dünya for an Ottoman Readership: The Travels of Ilyas bin Hanna al-Mawsuli in Colonial Latin America, 1675-1683’, in: Albrecht Classen (ed.), East Meets West in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: Transcultural Experiences in the Premodern World (Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2013): 687-700.

Findlen, Paula (ed.), Early Modern Things. Objects and their Histories, 1500-1800 (New York: Routledge, 2013).

Games, Alison, The Web of Empire: English Cosmopolitans in an Age of Expansion 1560-1660 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Gerritsen, Anne, and Giorgio Riello (eds.), The Global Lives of Things: The Material Culture of Connections in the Early Modern World (London/New York: Routledge, 2016).

Ghobrial, John-Paul, “The Secret Life of Elias of Babylon and the Uses of Global Microhistory”, Past and Present 222.1 (2014): 51-93.

Gruzinski, Serge, The Mestizo Mind: The Intellectual Dynamics of Colonization and Globalization (New York: Routledge, 2002).

Huntington, Samuel, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997).

Jackson, Anna, and Amin Jaffer (eds.), Encounters: The Meeting of Europe and Asia 1500-1800 (London: V&A Publications, 2004).

Jardine, Lisa & Jerry Brotton, Global Interests: Renaissance Art between East and West (London: Reaktion Books, 2000).

Kagan, Richard L. and Philip D. Morgan (eds.), Atlantic Diasporas: Jews, Conversos, and Crypto-Jews in the Age of Mercantilism, 1500-1800 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009).

Mason, Peter, The Lives of Images (London: Reaktion Books, 2001).

Ogborn, Miles, ‘“It’s not what you know…”: Encounters, Go-Betweens and the Geography of Knowledge’, Modern Intellectual History 10.1 (2013): 163-175.

Ogborn, Miles, Global Lives: Britain and the World, 1550-1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Parker, Charles H., Global Interactions in the Early Modern Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Pratt, Mary-Louise, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation (2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2007).

Schaffer, Simon, Linda Roberts, Kapil Raj and James Delbourgo (eds.), The Brokered World: Go-Betweens and Global Intelligence, 1770-1820 (Sagamore, MA: Science History Publications, 2009).

Trivellato, Francesca, Leor Halevi, and Cátia Antunes (eds.), Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).


Ali, Omar H., Malik Ambar: Power and Slavery Across the Indian Ocean (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

Belcher, Wendy Laura, and Michael Kleiner (eds.), Galawdewos, The Life and Struggles of Our Mother Walatta Petros: A Seventeenth-Century African Biography of an Ethiopian Woman (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2015).

Benjamin N. Lawrence et al. (eds.), Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks: African Employees in the Making of Colonial Africa. (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2006).

Brooks, George E., Eurafricans in Western Africa: Commerce, Social Status, Gender, and Religious Observance from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2003).

Carretta, Vincent, Equiano the African: Biography of a Self-made Man (New York and London: Penguin Books, 2006).

Earle, T.F. and K.J.P. Lowe (eds.), Black Africans in Renaissance Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Furtado, Júnia Ferreira, ‘Return as a Religious Mission: The Voyage to Dahomey Made by the Brazilian Mulatto Catholic Priests Cipriano Pires Sardinha and Vicente Ferreira Pires (1796-98), in: Stephanie Kirk and Sarah Rivett (eds.), Religious Transformations in the Early Modern Americas (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), pp. 180-204.

Sparks, Randy J., The Two Princes of Calabar: An Eighteenth-Century Atlantic Odyssey (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004).

Sweet, James H., Domingos Álvares: African Healing, and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2011).

Sweet, James H., ‘Mistaken Identities? Olaudah Equiano, Domingos Álvares, and the Methodological Challenges of Studying the African Diaspora’, The American Historical Review 114.2 (2009): 279-306.

Thornton, John K., The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian Movement, 1684-1706 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Ward, Kerry, ‘“Tavern of the Seas”? The Cape of Good Hope as an Oceanic Crossroads during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’, in: Jerry Bentley, Karen Wigen and Renata Bridenthal (eds.), Seascapes, Littoral Cultures, and Trans-Oceanic Exchanges (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007): 137-152.

Wells, Julia C., 'Eva's Men: Gender and Power at the Cape of Good Hope', in: Antoinette Burton and Tony Ballantyne (eds.), Bodies in Contact. Rethinking Colonial Encounters in World History (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2005): 84-105.

Zhiri, Oumelbanine, ‘Leo Africanus and the Limits of Translation’, in: Carmine Di Biase (ed.), Travel and Translation in the Early Modern Period (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2006): 175-186.


Adelman, Jeremy, and Stephen Aron, ‘From Borderlands to Borders: Empires, Nations, Nation-States, and the Peoples in Between in North American History’, American Historical Review 104.4 (1999): 814-841.

Anderson, R., ‘The Quilombo of Palmares: A New Overview of a Maroon State in Seventeenth-Century Brazil’, Journal of Latin American Studies 28.3 (1996): 545-566.

Brooks, James F., Captives & Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002).

Cave, Scott, 'Madalena: The Entangled History of One Indigenous Floridan Woman in the Atlantic World', The Americas 74.2 (2017): 171-200.

Deusen, Nancy E. van, Global Indios: The Indigenous Struggle for Justice in Sixteenth-Century Spain (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2015).

Duarte, Ramón E., ‘Producing Yeni Dünya for an Ottoman Readership: The Travels of Ilyas bin Hanna al-Mawsuli in Colonial Latin America, 1675-1683’, in: Albrecht Classen (ed.), East Meets West in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: Transcultural Experiences in the Premodern World (Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2013): 687-700.

Duffy, Eve M., and Alida C. Metcalf, The Return of Hans Staden: A Go-Between in the Atlantic World (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University press, 2012).

Furtado, Júnia Ferreira, Chica da Silva: a Brazilian Slave of the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Grandjean, Katherine, American Passage: The Communications Frontier in Early New England (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015)

Greenblatt, Stephen, Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1991).

Greenblatt, Stephen, New World Encounters (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

Gruzinski, Serge, Eileen Corrigan (trans.), The Conquest of Mexico: The Incorporation of Indian Societies into the Western World, 16th-18th centuries (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1993).

Gruzinski, Serge, Painting the Conquest: The Mexican Indians and the European Renaissance (Paris: Unesco/Flammarion, 1992).

Hagedorn, Nancy L, ‘“A Friend to Go Between Them”: The Interpreter As Cultural Broker During Anglo-Iroquois Councils, 1740-70’, Ethnohistory 35.1 (1988): 60-80.

Katzew, Ilona, Casta Painting: Images of Race in Eighteenth-Century Mexico (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005).

Matthew, Laura E., and Michel R. Oudijk (eds.), Indian Conquistadors: Indigenous Allies in the Conquest of Mesoamerica (Norman, University of Oklahomo Press: 2007).

Metcalf, Alida C., Go-Betweens and the Colonization of Brazil 1500-1600 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005).

Meuwese, Mark, Brothers in Arms, Partners in Trade: Dutch-Indigenous Alliances in the Atlantic World, 1595-1674 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2012).

Perry, Adele, Colonial Relations: The Douglas-Connolly Family and the Nineteenth-Century Imperial World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Rappaport, Joanne, The Disappearing Mestizo: Configuring Difference in the Colonial New Kingdom of Granada (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014).

Rediker, Marcus, and Peter Linebaugh, The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2000).

Restall, Matthew, Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest (Oxford: Oxford University Pres, 2003).

Richard White, The Middle Ground. Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Russo, Alessandra, ‘Cortés’s objects and the Idea of New Spain: Inventories as Spatial Narratives’, Journal of the History of Collections (2011): 229-252.

Schwartz, Stuart B., Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels: Reconsidering Brazilian Slavery (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1996).

Sweet, James H., Domingos Álvares: African Healing, and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2011).

Townsend, Camilla, ‘No One Said it was Quetzalcoatl: Listening to the Indians in the Conquest of Mexico’, History Compass 1 (2003): 1-14.

Townsend, Camilla, ‘Story Without Words: Women and the Creation of a Mestizo People in Guayaquil, 1820-1835’, Latin American Perspectives 24.4 (1997): 50-68.

Townsend, Camilla, Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Woman in the Conquest of Mexico (Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 2006).

Van Kirk, Sylvia, Many Tender Ties: Women in Fur-Trade Society, 1670-1870 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983).

Wachtel, Nathan, Vision of the Vanquished: The Spanish Conquest of Peru Through Indian Eyes, 1530-1570 (Hassock: Harvester Press, 1977).

Yannakakis, Yanna, The Art of Being In-Between: Native Intermediaries, Indian Identity, and Local Rule in Colonial Oaxaca (Durham: Duke University Press, 2008).

Asia and the Pacific

Alam, Muzaffar, and Sanjay Subrahmanyam, Indo-Persian Travels in the Age of Discoveries 1400-1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Ali, Omar H., Malik Ambar: Power and Slavery Across the Indian Ocean (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

Andaya, Leonard Y, ‘The “Informal Portuguese Empire” and the Topasses in the Solor Archipelago in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries”, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 41.3 (2010): 391-420.

Andrade, Tonio, Lost Colony: The Untold Story of China’s First Great Victory over the West (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011).

Bayly, C.A., Empire & Information: Intelligence Gathering and Social Communication in India, 1780-1870 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Blussé, Leonard, Bitter Bonds: A Colonial Divorce Drama of the Seventeenth Century (Markus Wiener Publishers, 2002).

Clulow, Adam, The Company and the Shogun: The Dutch Encounter with Tokugawa Japan (New York: Columbia University Press, 2014).

Curvelo, Alexandra, ‘The Disruptive Presence of the Namban-jin in Early Modern Japan’, Journal of the Economic & Social History of the Orient 55.2-3 (2012): 581-602.

Dalrymple, William, White Mughals: Love and Betrayal in Eighteenth-Century India (London: Harper Perennial, 2002).

Douglas, Bronwen, Science, Voyages and Encounters in Oceania, 1511-1850 (Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).

Eaton, Richard, A Social History of the Deccan, 1300-1761: Eight Indian Lives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Faroqhi, Suraiya, Pilgrims and Sultans: The Hajj under the Ottomans, 1517-1683 (London: 1994; 2nd ed. New York: 2014).

Gil-Harris, Jonathan, The First Firangis: Remarkable Stories of Heroes, Healers, Charlatans, Courtesans & Other Foreigners Who Became Indian (Delhi: Aleph Book Company: 2015).

Gordon, Stewart, When Asia was the World: Traveling Merchants, Scholars, Warriors, and Monks who Created the “Riches of the East” (Philadelphia, PA: DaCapo Press, 2008).

Green, Nile (ed.), Writing Travel in Central Asian History (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014).

Hevia, James L., Cherishing Men from Afar: Qing Guest Ritual and the Macartney Embassy of 1793 (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1995).

Hsia, R. Po-chia, A Jesuit in the Forbidden City: Matteo Ricci 1552-1610 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Kamps, Ivo, ‘Colonizing the Colonizer: A Dutchman in Asia Portuguesa’, in: Ivo Kamps and Jyotsna G. Singh (eds.), Travel Knowledge: European “Discoveries” in the Early Modern Period (New York: Palgrave, 2001), pp. 160-183.

Karttunen, Frances, Between Worlds: Interpreters, Guides, and Survivors (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1994).

Kawashima, Yasuhide, ‘Forest Diplomats: The Role of Interpreters in Indian-White Relations on the Early American Frontier’, American Indian Quarterly 13.1 (1989): 1-14.

Lal, Ruby, Domesticity and Power in the Early Mughal World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Laven, Mary, Mission to China: Matteo Ricci and the Jesuit Encounter with the East (London: Faber and Faber, 2011).

Massarella, Derek, ‘Envoys and Illusions: The Japanese Embassy to Europe, 1582-90, “De Missione Legatorvm Iaponensium”, and the Portuguese Viceregal Embassy to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, 1591’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series 15.3 (2005): 329-350.

Narain, Mona, ‘Eighteenth-Century Indians’ Travel Narratives and Cross-Cultural Encounters with the West’, Literature Compass 9.2 (2012): 151-165.

Raj, Kapil, ‘Mapping Knowledge: Go-Betweens in Calcutta, 1770-1820’, in: Simon Schaffer et al. (eds.), The Brokered World: Go-Betweens and Global Intelligence, 1770-1820 (Sagamore, MA: Science History Publications, 2009): 105-147.

Raj, Kapil, “Go-Betweens, Travelers, and Cultural Translators”, in Bernard Lightman (ed.), A Companion of the History of Science (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016): 39-57.

Raj, Kapil, Relocating Modern Science: Circulation and the Construction of Knowledge in South Asia and Europe, 1650-1900 (New York: Palgrave, 2007).

Rubiés, Joan-Pau, Travel and Ethnology in the Renaissance: South India through European Eyes, 1250-1625 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Sen, Amrita, ‘Early Liaisons: East India Company, Native Wives and Inscription in the Seventeenth Century’, South Asian Review 33.2 (2012): 101-116.

Sen, Amrita, ‘Traveling Companions: Women, Trade, and the Early East India Company’, Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture 48.2 (2015): 193-214.

Singh, Jyotsna, ‘Boundary Crossings in the Islamic World: Princess Gulbadan as Traveler, Biographer, and Witness to History, 1523-1603’, Early Modern Women 7 (2012): 231-240.

Sood, Gagan, ‘The Informational Fabric of Eighteenth-Century India and the Middle East: Couriers, Intermediaries and Postal Communication’, Modern Asian Studies 43.5 (2009): 1085-1116.

Smith, Vanessa, Intimate Strangers: Friendship, Exchange and Pacific Encounters (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Starbuck, Nicole, ‘‘Race’, Intimacy and go-betweens in French-West Papuan encounters’, in: Tiffany Shellam, Maria Nugent, Shino Konishi, and Allison Cadzow (eds.), Brokers and Boundaries: Colonial Exploration in Indigenous Territory (Acton: ANU Press, 2016), pp. 39-59.

Subrahmanyam, ‘Iranians Abroad: Intra-Asian Elite Migration and Early Modern State Formation’, The Journal of Asian Studies 51.2 (1992): 340-363.

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, Courtly Encounters: Translating Courtliness and Violence in Early Modern Eurasia (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 2012).

Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, Three Ways to be Alien: Travails and Encounters in the Early Modern World (Waltham, MA: Brandeis University Press, 2011).

Travers, Robert, ‘The Connected Worlds of Haji Mustapha (c. 1730-91): A Eurasian Cosmopolitan in Eighteenth-Century Bengal’, The Indian Economic and Social History Review 52.3 (2015): 297-333.

Ward, Kerry, Networks of Empire: Forced Migration in the Dutch East India Company (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Wills Jr., John, Embassies and Illusions: Dutch and Portuguese Envoys to K’ang-hsi, 1666-1687 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984).

Winterbottom, Anna, ‘Producing and Using the “Historical Relation of Ceylon”: Robert Knox, the East India Company and the Royal Society’, The British Journal for the History of Science 42.4 (2009): 515-538.

Winterbottom, Anna, Hybrid Knowledge in the Early East India Company World (New York: Palgrave, 2016).

Zaman, Taymiya R., 'Visions of Juliana: A Portuguese Woman at the Court of the Mughals', Journal of World History 23.4 (2012): 761-791.

Županov, Ines G., ‘Goan Brahmans in the Land of Promise: Missionaries, Spies and Gentiles in the 17th-18th century Sri Lanka’, in: Jorge Flores (ed.), Portugal – Sri Lanka: 500 Years (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz and the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2006): 171-210.

Europe and the Mediterranean World

Arbel, Benjamin, Trading Nations: Jews and Venetians in the Early-Modern Eastern Mediterranean (Leiden/New York: Brill, 1995).

Casale, Giancarlo, ‘His Majesty’s Servant Lutfi: The Career of a Previously Unknown Sixteenth-Century Ottoman Envoy to Sumatra Based on an Account of his Travels from the Topkapı Palace Archives’, Turcica 37 (2005): 43-81

Casale, Giancarlo, The Ottoman Age of Exploration (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Davis, Natalie Zemon, Trickster Travels: A Sixteenth-Century Muslim Between Worlds (New York: Hill & Wang, 2006).

Dursteler, Eric R., Renegade Women: Gender, Identity, and Boundaries in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011).

Dursteler, Eric, Venetians in Constantinople: Nation, Identity and Coexistence in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2006).

Earle, T.F. and K.J.P. Lowe (eds.), Black Africans in Renaissance Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

García-Arenal, Mercedes, and Gerard Wiegers, A Man of Three Worlds: Samuel Pallache, a Moroccan Jew in Catholic and Protestant Europe (Baltimore: Johns Hopins University Press, 2003).

Gelder, Maartje van, ‘The Republic’s Renegades: Dutch Converts to Islam in Seventeenth-Century Diplomatic Relations with North Africa’, Journal of Early Modern History 19.2-3 (2015): 175-198.

Gelder, Maartje van, and Tijana Krstić, “Introduction: Cross-Confessional Diplomacy and Diplomatic Intermediaries in the Early Modern Mediterranean”, Journal of Early Modern History 19.2-3 (2015): 93-105.

Ghobrial, John-Paul, The Whispers of Cities: Information Flows in Istanbul, London, and Paris in the Age of William Trumbull (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

Graf, Tobias P., The Sultan’s Renegades: Christian-European Converts to Islam and the Making of the Ottoman Elite, 1575-1610 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

Greene, Molly, A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000).

Höfele, Andreas, and Werner Koppenfels (eds.), Renaissance Go-Betweens: Cultural Exchange in Early Modern Europe (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2005).

Jordan Gschwend, Annemarie, and K.J.P. Lowe, The Global City: On the Streets of Renaissance Lisbon (London: Paul Holberton Publishing, 2015).

Krstic, Tijana, ‘Illuminated by the Light of Islam and the Glory of the Ottoman Sultanate: Self-Narratives of Conversion to Islam in the Age of Confessionalization’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 51:1 (2009): 35-63.

Malcolm, Noel, Agents of Empire: Knights, Corsairs, Jesuits and Spies in the Sixteenth-Century Mediterranean World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015).

Necipoğlu, Gülru, ‘Süleyman the Magnificent and the Representation of Power in the Context of Ottoman-Habsburg-Papal Rivalry’, The Art Bulletin 71.3 (1989): 401-427.

Peirce, Leslie, Empress of the East: How a European Slave Girl Became Queen of the Ottoman Empire (New York: Basic Books, 2017).

Peirce, Leslie, The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Rietbergen, Peter, ‘A Maronite Mediator Between Seventeenth-Century Mediterranean Cultures: Ibrahim Al Hakilani, or Abraham Ecchellense (1605–1664) Between Christendom and Islam’, Lias 16 (1989): 13–42.

Rothman, E. Nathalie, ‘Interpreting Dragomans: Boundaries and Crossings in the Early Modern Mediterranean’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 51.4 (2009): 771-800

Rothman, Natalie, ‘Conversion and Convergence in the Venetian-Ottoman Borderlands’, Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 41.3 (2011): 601-633.

Rothman, Natalie, Brokering Empire: Trans-Imperial Subjects between Venice and Istanbul (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2012).

Trivellato, Francesca, The Familiarity of Strangers. The Sephardic Diaspora, Livorno, and Cross-Cultural Trade in the Early Modern Period (Yale University Press, New Haven & London: 2012).

Virginia Aksan and Daniel Goffman (eds.), The Early Modern Ottomans: Remapping the Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Windler, Christian, ‘Diplomatic History as a Field for Cultural Analysis: Muslim‐Christian Relations in Tunis, 1700‐1840’, The Historical Journal 44.1 (2001): 79‐106.

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