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Seminar 16

The Sovietisation of Eastern Europe

  • What does ‘sovietisation’ mean?
  • How did the communist parties of Eastern Europe establish their control over society?
  • Was the sovietisation of Eastern Europe the reason for the Cold War or was the Cold War responsible for sovietisation? [debate]
  • What consequences did Stalinism and the Cold War have for the Eastern European countries?

Sample of documents in Ben Fowkes, Eastern Europe 1945-1969. From Stalinism to Stagnation (Harlow, 2000), pp. 97-115.

Essential Reading

Suny, The Soviet Experiment, pp. 337-362, 375-380.

Schöpflin, George, Politics in Eastern Europe (Oxford, 1993), pp. 57-103.

Fowkes, Eastern Europe 1945-1969, pp. 3-55.

Additional Reading

Geoffrey Swain and Nigel Swain, Eastern Europe since 1945. 4th ed. (Houndmills 2009), pp. 1-86.

Fowkes, Ben, Eastern Europe 1945/1969. From Stalinism to Stagnation ( New York, 2000).

Hodos, George H., Show Trials: Stalinist Purges in Eastern Europe, 1948-1954 (New York, 1987).

Zeman, Z.A.B., The Making and Breaking of Communist Europe (Oxford, Cambridge, Mass., 1991), pp. 221-250.

Apor, Balász et al. (eds), The Leader Cult in Communist Dictatorships. Stalin and the Eastern Bloc (Houndmills, 2004).

Naimark, Norman M. and L. Gibianski (eds), The Establishment of Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe, 1944-1949 (Boulder, CO, 1997).

Connelly, J., ‘Students, Workers and Social Change: The Limits of Czech Stalinism’, Slavic Review, 56 (Summer 1997), pp. 307-335. JSTOR

Naimark, N.H., The Russians in Germany. A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, 1945-1949 (Cambridge, MA, 1995).

Kersten, K., The Establishment of Communist Rule in Poland 1943-1948 (Berkeley, CA, 1991).

Web Source

Cold War International History Project: