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Past Exam Paper

ONE WORLD: A HISTORY OF GLOBALISATION, 1750-2050

(i) For candidates who are offering a whole-unit paper:
Time allowed: 3 hours
Answer THREE questions.

(ii) For candidates who are offering a half-unit paper:
Time allowed: 2 hours
Answer TWO questions.

Answers should NOT include any significant amount of material already presented in ANY assessed essays.

Read carefully the instructions on the answer book and make sure that the particulars required are entered on each answer book.

1. Globalisation is ‘the intensification of worldwide social relations’ (Anthony Giddens). Does this definition apply to the period 1750 to 1950?

2. How different was globalisation in the period 1850-1914 compared to the period 1950-2014?

3. In what ways has world population changed in the past 200 years?

4. ‘Since 1800 global migratory fluxes have been closely related to poverty’. Discuss.

5. Has globalisation been influenced more by the exploitation or the protection of the environment?

6. Explain how the trade and/or consumption of one or more has shaped global connections in the period after 1750.

7. ‘Without technological innovation in transport and communication, the globalisation of the last two centuries would have never happened’. Discuss.

8. Why have multinationals become key shapers of global connections?

9. In what ways has the world economy become globalised in the past two centuries?

10. How have empires and civilisations affected globalization? Discuss with reference to one or more cases.

11. What is the role of international institutions and organisations in globalisation in the period after 1945?

12. Why is the concept of ‘globalization’ both successful and despised in today’s public discussions?


ONE WORLD: A HISTORY OF GLOBALISATION, 1750-2050

(i) For candidates who are offering a whole-unit paper:

Time allowed: 3 hours

Answer THREE questions.

(ii) For candidates who are offering a half-unit paper:

Time allowed: 2 hours

Answer TWO questions.

Answers should NOT include any significant amount of material already presented in ANY assessed essays.

Read carefully the instructions on the answer book and make sure that the particulars required are entered on each answer book.

1. “The process of globalisation articulates itself in historical phases, each of which is characterised by specific factors, conditions and forces”. Discuss.

2. EITHER Why is the world population growth of the past two centuries so important in understanding globalisation?

OR Why are the migratory movements of the past two centuries so important in understanding globalisation?

3. When and why did the environment become a topic of global concern?

4. “In the history of nineteenth- and twentieth-century globalisation, technological improvements in communication and information are more important than technological improvements facilitating the movement of people and goods”. Discuss.

5. When and why were transnational corporations most powerful as a force of globalisation?

6. “Commodities embody many of the controversial issues that characterise the history of globalisation in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries”. Discuss by considering one or more commodities.

7. “Globalisation is punctuated by periodic economic crises followed by phases of new integration of international economies”. Discuss by considering at least two economic crises.

8. What is the role played by nations and empires in the history of globalisation since 1750?

9. “Since the Industrial Revolution, large cities have become major poles of global integration.” Discuss.

10. “Globalisation needs a ‘global imaginary’ supported by concepts and institutions that represent and sometimes defend humankind”. Discuss.


ONE WORLD: A HISTORY OF GLOBALISATION, 1750-2050


(i) For candidates who are offering a whole-unit paper:
Time allowed: 3 hours
Answer THREE questions.

(ii) For candidates who are offering a half-unit paper:
Time allowed: 2 hours
Answer TWO questions.


Answers should NOT include any significant amount of material already presented in ANY assessed essays.

Read carefully the instructions on the answer book and make sure that the particulars required are entered on each answer book.

1. Why do historians disagree as to when globalisation began?

2. “While nineteenth-century globalisation was about the increasing connectedness of the world, since 1945 it has been about acknowledging and facing issues of global relevance”. Discuss.

3. “Demography explains global poverty”. Does this apply to the history of the world in the last 200 years?

4. When has migration been at its highest in world history since 1750, and why?

5. How has the trade in and consumption of commodities shaped the relationship between different parts of the world?

6. How important were communication technologies to the creation of a globalized world?

7. In what ways have multinational companies contributed to the process of globalisation in the twentieth century?

8. What makes a large city a global one? Discuss with reference to at least two cities.

9. How has been the role of economic crises in the history of economic globalisation?

10. “Since 1750 Western empires have been makers and shapers of globalisation”. Discuss.

11. Which international institutions have contributed most to shaping globalisation since World War II?

12. “Much of the talk about globalization has tended to assume that it is a process which overrides locality”. Discuss.